July-December 1294 Papacy of Celestine V Charles II of Anjou 1294-1303 Papacy of Boniface VIII - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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July-December 1294 Papacy of Celestine V Charles II of Anjou 1294-1303 Papacy of Boniface VIII PowerPoint Presentation
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July-December 1294 Papacy of Celestine V Charles II of Anjou 1294-1303 Papacy of Boniface VIII

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July-December 1294 Papacy of Celestine V Charles II of Anjou 1294-1303 Papacy of Boniface VIII
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July-December 1294 Papacy of Celestine V Charles II of Anjou 1294-1303 Papacy of Boniface VIII

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  1. July-December 1294 Papacy of Celestine V Charles II of Anjou 1294-1303 Papacy of Boniface VIII (Benedict Gaetani)

  2. 1295 Philip IV of France (r. 1285-1314) and Edward I of England (r. 1272-1307) seeking to tax clergy 1296 Boniface issues Clericis Laicos 1297 Boniface bows to Philip’s threats 1301 Philip moving against French bishop 1302 Boniface re-asserts Clericis Laicos, issues Unam Sanctam

  3. 1303 Boniface excommunicates Philip Sept 7th 1303 Boniface captured at Anagni, rescued but dies soon after 1303-4 Papacy of Benedict XI 1305-14 Papacy of Clement V Avignon

  4. Map Link: Europe in 1360: <http://www.lib.utexas.edu/maps/historical/shepherd/ europe_1360.jpg>

  5. 1309-77 Seven popes at Avignon 1314 Disputed election in Germany 1316-34 Papacy of John XXII 1317 John declares imperial throne vacant

  6. 1328 Louis of Bavaria temporarily occupies Rome 1338 Prince-electors of Germany reject papal authority 1347 End of reign of Louis 1323 John declares doctrine that Christ and apostles never owned anything to be heretical William of Ockham (c. 1285-1349)

  7. Papal Bureaucracy: Pope and cardinals Four departments: 1. Roman Rota: judicial work 2. Chancery: correspondence 3. Papal Penitentiary: dispensations/ pardons 4. Papal Chamber: finance

  8. Supporting papal finances: Sale of indulgences, incl. plenary indulgences, for avoidance of Purgatory System of Papal Provisions

  9. 1377 Papacy returns to Rome 1378 Death of Gregory XI (p. 1370-78). Election of Urban VI (p. 1378-89) on April 8th Aug 2nd 1378 Cardinals issue call from Anagni for resignation of pope Sept 20th Cardinals elect Clement VII (p. 1378-94), who returns to Avignon. Start of Great Schism

  10. 1409 General council meets at Pisa, deposes both popes, elects Alexander V (p. 1409- 1410). However, other popes refuse to be deposed 1414 Sigismund, King of Germany (r. 1410- 37) forces (Pisan) Pope John XXIII (p. 1410-15) to summon Council of Constance

  11. Conciliarists 1414-17 Council of Constance deposes all three popes, elects Martin V (p. 1417-31) Haec Sancta Frequens 1423 General council at Siena

  12. July 1431 Start of Council of Basle Dec 1431 Eugenius IV (p. 1431-47) attempts to dissolve council 1432 Council re-asserts supremacy over pope 1434 Eugenius forced to give in Hussites 1435 Council effectively abolishes pope’s powers

  13. 1438-39 Council of Ferrara/Florence re-affirms powers of pope 1439 Council of Basle elects anti-pope, Felix V (p. 1439-49) 1449 Abdication of Felix V and defeat of conciliar movement

  14. John of Paris (c. 1250-1306) Gets M.A., joins Dominicans Teaches philosophy and theology, eventually gets M. Theol. Tractatus de Potestate Regia et Papali (1302-3) Accused of heresy, appeals, but dies before issue resolved

  15. William of Ockham (c. 1285-1349) Studies at Oxford, joins Franciscans c. 1320 Starts teaching at Paris 1323 Resigns, devotes self to church politics Dialogus