ADVERBS 10 Nazaret A Mr. Stanley J. Chacon
Adverbs • The main purpose of an adverb is to give more information than the verb has told us • It usually gives information about when, where, why, how or how often?
Howtoidentifyanadverb? • Many adverbs end in '-ly', like quickly, slowly, angrily. • However, many do not, like well, soon, or here. • Also, there are many words in English that end in '-ly' that are not adverbs, like holly, jelly and family.
CircumstanceAdverb • These tell us about the particular circumstances in which the action or the state or the change took place. • How – quickly, slowly, angrily (This is the most common type of circumstance adverb.) • Where – there, down, up • When– yesterday, later • How often – often, regularly, rarely • To what extent – more, less
FrequencyAdverbs (Definite) • Examples: hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, yearly every second, once a minute, twice a year once, twice, once or twice, three times • Adverbs of definite frequency, like all adverbs of definite time, typically go in END position. Look at these examples: • Most companies pay taxes yearly. • Sometimes, usually for reasons of emphasis or style, some adverbs of definite frequency may go at the FRONT, for example: • Every day, more than five thousand people die on our roads.
IndefiniteFrequencyAdverbs • 100% (always, constantly usually, normally,frequently, regularlyoften) • 50% (sometimes occasionally rarely, infrequently seldom hardly ever) • 0% never • Adverbs of indefinite frequency mainly go in MID position in the sentence. They go before the main verb (except the main verb "to be") • We usually go shopping on Saturday. • Sheisalways late.
IndefiniteFrequencyAdverbs (Continued) • Occasionally, sometimes, often, frequently and usually can also go at the beginning or end of a sentence: • Sometimes they come and stay with us. • I playtennisoccasionally. • Rarely and seldom can also go at the end of a sentence (often with "very"): • Weseethemrarely. • John eats meat very seldom.
Adverbs of degree • Adverbs of degree tell us about the intensity or degree of an action, an adjective or another adverb. • Common adverbs of degree: • Almost, nearly, quite, just, too, enough, hardly, scarcely, completely, very, extremely. • Adverbs of degree are usually placed: • before the adjective or adverb they are modifying:e.g. The water was extremelycold. • before the main verb:e.g. He was just leaving. She has almost finished.
Summary • What’sanadverb? • Whichtypes do youknow? • Towhich do theyanswer? • Where are they placed in thesentence? • Paul has accidentsrarely.
Classwork • Workon page 42,43 and 44 of yourworkbook (AIC)