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Early People of the Aegean. Chapter 4 Section 1. Minoans. Lived on the island of Crete in the Aegean Civilization reached its height between 1600 -1500 b.c. Ruled by King Minos Minoans were sea traders. Knossos. Capital of Crete Housed the royal family Included religious shrines

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Early People of the Aegean


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early people of the aegean

Early People of the Aegean

Chapter 4 Section 1

minoans
Minoans
  • Lived on the island of Crete in the Aegean
  • Civilization reached its height between 1600 -1500 b.c.
  • Ruled by King Minos
  • Minoans were sea traders
knossos
Knossos
  • Capital of Crete
  • Housed the royal family
  • Included religious shrines
  • Walls were covered in colorful frescoes that tell us about their society
  • Frescoes included images of the sea and religious figures
disappearance of the minoans
Disappearance of the Minoans
  • Disappeared around 1400 b.c.
  • No one knows why
  • Could have disappeared because of an earthquake or tidal wave
  • Invaders could have overthrown the ruler
mycenaeans
Mycenaeans
  • 1st Greek culture that left a written record
  • Also were sea traders
  • Lived in city states on the mainland
  • Rulers lived in thick walled fortresses
the trojan war
The Trojan War
  • Took place about 1250 b.c.
  • Probably caused by rivalry over who controlled the water routes in the Mediterranean
  • Legend says caused by the theft of Menelaus’ wife Helen
homer
Homer
  • Wandering blind poet who recited epic poems
  • Credited with creating the Iliad and the Odyssey
  • Probably lived around 750 b.c.
  • Iliad is the story of the Trojan War
  • Odyssey is the story of Odysseus on his way home from the war
the dark ages
The Dark Ages
  • Mycenaean's were invaded by the Dorians around 1100 b.c.
  • Greek civilization disappeared for several hundred years
  • These times were known as the dark ages