Reflection of Culture in Art. How does art reflect society?. Attempts to criticize Attempts to magnify an issue or individual Attempts to distract from other issues of the day Attempts to define what culture is or what an era is
Emphasis across the board was on nature, beauty, and “the moment”
All forms of art attempted to elicit an emotional response – although that response was generally anti-logic.
Creation of art as the “exalted one”
Romanticizing of Greek, Roman, and “Primitive” artsRomanticism – Circa 1830’s
Was used mostly in France and spread to the rest of Europe.
Defined the era of cultural revelry around the turn of the century.
Victorian Era ideals dominated England, most of Europe.
As a society very pleased with self
Looking forward – not looking back.
Optimism throughout society – no wars, advancement in science, development of psychology.
Imperialism spreading through world – Europe’s moral superiority.Fin de Siècle – 1890’s
People are less likely to feel hopeful about life and therefore more likely to feel disjointed
Expressionism develops out of this – a reaction to positivism and impressionism where distress and Nietzsche's ideals of Dionysian chaos exist. Bold, lacking true form, and without perspective.
This concept could also be applied to how people lived in Germany during the Weimar years - Horror
Also see the development of “anti-art”, Dadaism.Post WWI – 1920’s
By the middle of the 1970’s, the global oil crisis, stagflation, and the malaise of Vietnam had soured most Western nations, especially the US.1960’s and 1970’s – Post Structuralism