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Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k. Agrobiodiversity Conservation in Great Himalayan National Park. BTCA. Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;k gS\ Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;ksa t+:jh gS\ Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk dSls u"V gks jgh gS\.

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slide1
Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k

Agrobiodiversity Conservation

in Great Himalayan National Park

slide3
Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;k gS\

Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk D;ksa t+:jh gS\

Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk dSls u"V gks jgh gS\

slide4
When any species or cultivar is lost the centuries old traditional knowledge about the same also disappear. It disbalances the mountain agro-ecosystem, farm sustainability and food security.
slide5
Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k lEcU/kh xfrfof/k;ka

uksgk.Mk o rqax xzkeiapk;rksa ds 20 xkaoksa esa v/;;u

uksgk.Mk xzkeiapk;r% ckbVh] /kkjkukgha] ukgha] Mhaxpk] ?kkV] tfugkj] dkepk] [kM+waxpk] ykdpk] jksik] 'kfyUxk] rfyUxk] frUnj

rqax xzkeiapk;r% fpi.kh&1] fpi.kh&2] Qfj;kM+h] e>V~Vu] ux/kkj] uS.kh] rqax

slide6
uksgk.Mk iapk;r:

42 ikjEifjd fd+Lesa

rqax iapk;r:

19ikjEifjd fd+Lesa

  • Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk
  • 15fofHkUu izdkj dh Q+lysa
  • 45ikjEifjd LFkkuh; fd+Lesa
slide7
GHNP’s Traditional Crops and Its Cultivars

Millets: French White (Panicum milliaceum), Ragi or Red Millet: Echinochloa utilis), Red Jhalli (Oplismenus frumentaceus), Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana), Finger White (Echinochloa utilis)

Pulses: Mash of Black Gram (Phaseolus mungo), Totru, Maser (Lens culinaris), Chana (Cicer aietenum), Kohl

Beans: Chittera (urad) (Phaseolus vulgaris), White Chittera (safed urad), Red Chittera (laal urad), Kidney Bean (rajma), White Bean (safed rajma), Kohal, *UI

Barley (Hordeum vulgare): Gundev, Shalai, Naked Barley (Hordeum himalayens), *UI

Pea (Pisum sativum): Farsi, Lincon, Aurcul, *UI

Common Buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum): Kathu

Maize (Zea mays): Shatu, Chuhedani, Duani

Wheat (Triticum aestivum): Siraji, Kinouri, *UI

Potato (Solanum tuberosum): Dhankhri, Chandermukhi, Uptodate

Kulth or Horse Gram (Macrotyloma uniflorum): Kulth 

Soybean (Glycine max)

* UI = Unidentified Local

slide9
Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk ij eaMjkrk [k+rjk
  • ckt+kj ls tqM+s xkaoksa esa ,d [k+kl Qly us [ksrksa ij d+Ct+k tek fy;k gS vkSj T+;knkrj ikjEifjd Q+lyksa dk lQ+k;k dj Mkyk gS-
  • fgald [ksrh ds izlkj gsrq mUur fd+Leksa ds chtksa us ikjEifjd Q+lyksa ds chtksa dks dkQ+h uqd+lku igqapk;k gS-
  • tkS] feyV~l] dkFkw] dqYFk dh [ksrh rst+h ls de gqbZ gS-
  • eDdk] chu] nkysa] vkyw dh dbZ fd+Lesa vk/kqfud o fgald [ksrh ds ncko ds ckotwn [ksrksa esa ft+Unk gSa- D;ksa vkSj dSls\
slide10
Traditional cultivars have superior traits vis-a-via HYVs: in terms of yield, survival in harsh geo-climatic conditions at high altitudes, resistance to water stress/pathogens, total time of crop cycle, adaptation to local climates & farmers’ socio-economic situations, nutrition value, input-requirements, weed coexistence, etc.
slide11
Ñf"k&tSofofo/krk laj{k.k esa gekjh Hkwfedk% dy] vkt vkSj dy
  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa dks cksus gsrq vkSj chtksa dks lajf{kr j[kus ds fy, izksRlkfgr djuk
  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa dh iSnkokj esa o`f) djus dh fn’kk esa iz;kl (agronomic interventions)
  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa ds mRikn esa DokfyVh dUVªksy
  • ikjEifjd LFkkuh; Q+lyksa ds mRikn dk ckt+kj ls fyad
slide12
Technical interventions :
  •  Formation of Farmers’ Committees at gram panchayat level
  • Promotion of exchange of seeds of traditional cultivars
  • On-farm Training & Counseling of farmers on Organic Production of traditional crops
  • Exposure of farmers to organic farming site
  • On-farm Training of farmers on Quality Control and Post-Harvest Storage
  • Providing on-field technical inputs of organic cultivation, such as -
  • - manipulations in humus levels according to soil types
  • - testing of nutrients in the soil and balancing them
  • - planning the crop rotation and crop cycle
  • - assistance in planning intercropping, storey culture and cover crops
  • - use of compost, manure and bio-fertilizers
  • - compost making and vermicompost
  • - water harvesting and soil conservation
  • - treatment, storage and selection of seeds of traditional cultivars
  • - biological weed control, and bio-pesticides
  • - other necessary technical inputs
slide13
Organic Production (of 7-8 food crops)

Semi-processing

& Processing

Organic Grains

Bean

Maize

Wheat

Horse Gram

Millets

Buckwheat

Barley

Soybean

________________

QUAL I TY

CONT ROL

Agronomic Inputs

Marketing

Procurement of Grains

Business Model

slide15
laj{k.k

ds

jkLrs

slide16
Knowledge for Conservation
  • Characterization:
  • Size/ color/ taste of the seed/ fruit/ tuber,
  • Nutrition value,
  • Resistance to pests/ insects/ pathogens/ water stress
  • Research:
  • Cultivation history
  • Bio-physical characteristics
  • Ethnobotany
  • Economics
  • Agronomic practices
  • Characterization of cultivars
slide19
[email protected]

[email protected]

www.grassrootsinstitute.in

www.grassroots.org.in