demonstrative adjectives and pronouns n.
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Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns. Which flag? – THIS flag. Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns DEMONSTRATE, which means “show.”. English has two sets of demonstrative pronouns: Do you want THIS apple?  No, I want THAT apple. But what if there are TWO apples?.

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Demonstrative Adjectives and Pronouns


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which flag this flag
Which flag? – THIS flag.

Demonstrative adjectives and pronouns DEMONSTRATE, which means “show.”

slide3
English has two sets of demonstrative pronouns:

Do you want

THIS apple? 

No, I want THAT

apple.

but what if there are two apples
But what if there are TWO apples?

You wouldn’t say, “I want this apples” or “I want that apples.”

SURPRISE! In English, you have to change demonstrative adjectives to make them agree in number with the noun:

I want THIS apple. BUT . . . I want THESE apples.

I want THAT apple. BUT . . . I want THOSE apples.

Spanish looks a little less strange now, huh?

spanish demonstrative adjectives
Spanish Demonstrative Adjectives:

close far far away

masc. sing. este (this) ese (that) aquel

fem. sing. esta (this) esa (that) aquella

masc. pl. estos (these) esos (those) aquellos

fem. pl. estas (these) esas (those) aquellas

this that way over there

guess what spanish has three demonstrative pronouns
Guess what: Spanish has THREE demonstrative pronouns:

Do you want this apple?

¿Quieres esta manzana?

No.

No.

Do you want that apple?

¿Quieres esa manzana?

No. I want that apple way over there.

No. Quiero aquella manzana.