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Department of Social Development nodal baseline survey: Sekhukhune results. Objectives of overall project . Conduct socio-economic and demographic baseline study and situational analyses of DSD services across the 14 ISRDP and 8 URP Nodes
Compared with other nodes, Sekhukhune has predominantly mid-range (yellow) and positive (green) scores, suggesting that in comparison with other ISRDP nodes, it is performing well - though with room to improve, and warning red lights flashing where service delivery is concerned.
The poverty deficit index is based on 10 indicators (see table below), given equal weighting. Sekhukhune is towards the middle of the 14 nodes, as the 9th poorest node.
For example, read as: Sekhukhune respondents 28% more likely to have no refuse removal; 22% more likely to have no RDP sanitation; and so on.
Note the positives where the node scores above the ISRDP average
For example, read as: Sekhukhune respondents were more likely than ISRDP average to show incidence of anomie and alienation, and not to have a religion.
Two weakest areas are lack of awareness of who is providing - government or CSOs - rather than lack of knowledge of types of development activity. Everything else is a positive, scoring better than the ISRDP average.
Sekhukhune has the fourth worst rating on service delivery amongst the 14 ISRDP nodes, i.e. it was rated 7% worst in terms of service delivery.
Read as: Quality of DSD service delivery is worse in Sekhukhune than the average for all ISRDP nodes, e.g. staff compassion is perceived to be a fifth (21%) worse than across all ISRDP nodes.
Access to DSD offices was also perceived to be poor, 20% worse than the ISRDP average.
Basic service delivery was rated as inadequate, e.g. quality of roads were seen to be 42% worse than the average for ISRDP nodes
Read as: Nevertheless, strengths with service delivery in Sekhukhune can be found, e.g. households in the node are a third (33%) less likely to rate the quality of health delivery as poor compared with the ISRDP average
Sekhukhune is rated the second best ISRDP node with respect to health measures, with less than half of all households (46%) perceiving their health status as poor.Health deficit
Despite high health status rating in this node, households reported that they were 21% more likely to have difficulty accessing health care than the ISRDP average.
Read as: Majority in the node support the view that most decisions in the household require joint decision-making by both partners
Read as: Node is still deeply conservative as myths about contraception are widely held.
Read as: Support for violence against women in all situations is higher in this node than the ISRDP average and points to catastrophic attitudes about Gender Based Violence in the node.
Disturbing to note that the differences between males and females, and young and old, in terms of attitudes towards Gender Based Violence are not large - these negative attitudes have been absorbed by men and women, young and old, and interventions are needed to break this cycle
Read as: Abortion is NOT supported by two out of three respondents (63%) in this node, far higher than the ISRDP average (42%)
Read as: Prevalence rates are high and secrecy is relatively low, suggesting stigmatization may be dropping in face of unavoidability of the epidemic
Read as: High awareness of how HIV is transmitted
Sekhukhune has a positive JGlobal Development Rating compared with other ISRDP nodes. Key challenges and existing strengths as they emerged from the statistical analysis are summarised below.