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24/7 SOBRIETY PowerPoint Presentation
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24/7 SOBRIETY

24/7 SOBRIETY

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24/7 SOBRIETY

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  1. 24/7 SOBRIETY • OFFICE OF ATTORNEY GENERAL LARRY LONG

  2. DUI FELONIES FY 99- FY07 DUI FELONIES were 34.9% of all felony convictions

  3. OTHER FELONIES DUI and controlled substances felonies total 59.9% 15% of state prison population are DUI felonies

  4. ALCOHOL/DRUGS IN SOUTH DAKOTA PENITENIARY- 2006-08 • Alcohol Dependent: • 72% of men • 66% of women • Meth Dependent: • 27% of men • 45% of women • Combined: • 87% men • 91% women

  5. GOAL • Defendant sobriety- 24/7 • Target group- anyone arrested for DUI with prior conviction in last 10 years

  6. BOND CONDITIONS • No alcohol • No bars • Breath test- 7am and 7pm • If you skip or fail you go to jail

  7. BENEFITS • Mom and kids are safer • Public is safer • Defendant will spend less time in jail • Treatment prospects improve • Defendant’s employer happy • ALMOST NO COST TO TAXPAYER

  8. SOUTH DAKOTA 24/7 PROJECT Harding Perkins Corson Campbell McPherson Brown Marshall Roberts Walworth Edmunds Day Ziebach Dewey Grant Butte Potter Faulk Spink Clark Codington Meade Deuel Sully Hyde Hand Hamlin Stanley Lawrence Beadle Haakon Hughes Kingsbury Brookings Miner Jones Lyman Buffalo Jerauld Sanborn Lake Moody Pennington Jackson Brule Aurora Minnehaha Custer Davison Hanson McCook Mellette Shannon Tripp Charles Mix Fall River Douglas Hutchinson Turner Lincoln Gregory Todd Bennett Bon Homme Yankton Clay Union UPDATED 12/31/2008 56 Participating Counties

  9. AGE GROUPS/ OFFENSES 48% of program participants have 3 or more DUI Offenses

  10. NUMBER OF TESTING DAYS Comparing first test date to last test date yields an average of 111.3 days of participation in the program.

  11. NUMBER OF SHOW AND FAILS • 680 (66.6%) never failed a test • 175 (17.1%) failed only one test • 100 (9.7%) failed only twice

  12. PBT STATS • January 2005 through May 31, 2009 • 11,956 participants (active and completed) • 2,087,390 total tests • 2,079,359 (99.6%) passed tests • 14,207 (.4%) failed tests or no show

  13. A Continuous Alcohol Monitoring System

  14. SCRAM STATS • Nov 6, 2006 through May 31, 2009 • 1,383 participants • 163,773 days for an average of 111 days per participant • 261 participants had some type of violation • 781 (or 74.9%) completed participants had no violation

  15. DRUG URINALYSIS • Detection of drugs through urine test • Detectable drugs • Cocaine • Opiates • Amphetamines • Marijuana • Oxycodone • PCP • Antidepressants • Ecstacy

  16. URINALYSIS STATS • 1,261 participants • 17,730 number of tests administered • 17,294 (97.6%) passed tests • 436 tests failed • 56 no shows July 2007-May 31, 2009

  17. DRUG PATCH • Detection of drugs through sweat • Patch lasts for 7-10 days • Drugs detected from 1-2 days before patch applied and up to 24 hours prior to removal • Detects • Cocaine • Opiates • Amphetamines • Marijuana • PCP

  18. DRUG PATCH STATS • July 2007-May 31, 2009 • 45 participants • 415 number of tests administered • 335 (92.8%) passed tests • 23 tests failed or no show

  19. SERVICES AVAILABLE – JULY 1, 2007 • Twice per day alcohol testing • Counties with a jail • Some others • Drug Urinalysis- • Counties with high volume • Need both male and female staff • SCRAM • Small counties • No jail • Defendant has odd situation • Drug Patch • Small Counties • Counties without female staff $2.00 per day $5.00 per test or $10 per week $5.00 per day $40.00 per patch or $4.00 per day

  20. APPLICABILITY- ALL CRIMES • Pre-trial • Bond conditions • Post conviction • Conditions of suspended sentence • Parole • Parole Board imposed • A & N Children • Testing imposed upon adults in household as condition of return of children to homes

  21. DOC Prison Population • FY 1996 • Inmate population 1908 • FY 2006 • Inmate population 3428 • 1520 or 152 annually • FY 2007 • Inmate population 3378 • -50 less inmates • FY 2008 • Inmate population 3344 • -34 less inmates

  22. Analysis Methods and Explanation • The following analysis compares 24/7 Participants who participated in the 24/7 program with twice a day testing (PBTx2) to controls (non-24/7 participants) • The comparison analysis is presented on the following three levels • Any 24/7 participation • 24/7 participants with at least 30 days of consecutive testing on the program • 24/7 participants with at least 90 days of consecutive testing on the program • Recidivism comparisons are made for recidivism based on arrest to future arrest at 1 year, 2 years, and 3 years • Controls are drawn from the South Dakota Unified Judicial System database under a data use and confidentiality agreement • Recidivism data is cut as of 12/31/2008 (latest data available for analysis)

  23. *Caution in interpretation is advised because of the sample size. Trends are heading in right direction.

  24. *Caution in interpretation is advised because of the sample size. Trends are heading in right direction.

  25. Summary of Findings • Compared to non 24/7 participants, arrest to arrest (next DUI offense) recidivism is substantially lower for 24/7 participants at 1, 2 and 3 years. • Even lower rates are documented for individuals that have 30 and 90 days of consecutive twice a day testing on the program. • Note: The small sample size available for analysis at 2 and 3 years should be considered for PBTx2 30 and 90 consecutive days and the rates may change as more data is available for inclusion in the analysis.