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Avian Influenza Zambian Situation. Department of Veterinary and Livestock Development. Risk of introduction of AI. Formal – Limited risk since risk assessment carried out before issuing permit Informal – Risk is high due to smuggling of birds and their products from neighbouring countries.

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avian influenza zambian situation

Avian InfluenzaZambian Situation

Department of Veterinary and Livestock Development

risk of introduction of ai
Risk of introduction of AI
  • Formal – Limited risk since risk assessment carried out before issuing permit
  • Informal – Risk is high due to smuggling of birds and their products from neighbouring countries
risk of introduction of ai3
Risk of introduction of AI

Migratory waterfowl that come to Zambia:

  • White Stork
  • Cranes
  • Shorebirds (Waders)
risk of introduction of ai4
Risk of introduction of AI

Main local species susceptible to AI:

  • Pied crows, grey headed gulls (from scavenging)
  • Duck and geese species: Egyptian goose, knob-billed duck and white-faced duck (from water sources)
risk of introduction of ai5
Livestock farming systems:

Population of poultry in Zambia – 27,010,000

Commercial: 20%

Semi-comm.: 10%

Backyard: 70% (plus free-range village chickens)

Risk of introduction of AI
capacity
Capacity

Human resource:

Veterinarians:

  • Private practice: 36
  • Public service: 60

Para-veterinarians:

  • 300

Human resource is insufficient

capacity7
Capacity

Diagnostics

  • Veterinary: Requirements for equipment and reagents
  • Infrastructure: Upgrading of Labs, procurement of equipment and reagents required.

- Need improvement of communication facilities (e.g.internet)

preparedness pre outbreak
Preparedness (Pre-outbreak)

Measures put in place:

  • Set up of a national task force
  • Put in place national preparedness and response plan and budget.
  • Setting up of mini technical task force committees (ministries of health and agriculture).
preparedness
Preparedness
  • Banning of importation of Birds, poultry and their products except for breeding stock
  • Only frozen poultry and poultry products allowed to transit through Zambia under escort
  • Only transits from AI free countries allowed
  • All farmers being requested to maintain bio-security measures
  • Movement controls of birds being re-inforced through-out the country
preparedness10
Awareness

Emergency preparedness plans distributed to provincial and district Vet offices

Awareness radio messages, meetings and workshops have started

Surveillance

Strategic surveillance of migratory bird resting sites planned

Surveillance of poultry establishments/runs started

Preparedness
preparedness11
Awareness

Department working on production of extension materials (posters and brochures) for distribution to staff

PAZ has in conjunction with department produced awareness brochures for farmers

Surveillance

Border surveillance re-enforced

Preparedness
preparedness out break
Preparedness (out-break)
  • Storage of protective clothing and bio-security materials
  • Zoning of country depending on point of outbreak (infected zone, primary high risk zone, secondary high risk zone) with measures drawn up for each