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Where did human ancestors walk upright about 3 to 4 million years ago?. A. Nile River Valley B. Eastern Asia C. Western Europe D. Eastern Africa Answer . Human ancestors known as Homo Sapiens emerged between –. A. 1 billion to 5 billion years ago B. 1 million to 4 million years ago

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where did human ancestors walk upright about 3 to 4 million years ago

Where did human ancestors walk upright about 3 to 4 million years ago?

A. Nile River Valley

B. Eastern Asia

C. Western Europe

D. Eastern Africa

Answer

human ancestors known as homo sapiens emerged between
Human ancestors known as Homo Sapiens emerged between –

A. 1 billion to 5 billion years ago

B.1 million to 4 million years ago

C. 100, 000 to 400,000 years ago

D. 25,000 to 1,000 years ago

Answer

which of the following best describes the migration of homo sapiens
Which of the following best describes the migration of Homo Sapiens?

A.Africa to Eurasia, Australia, and the Americas

B.Africa to India, Australia, and the Americas

C.Europe to Africa, Australia, and the Americas

D. Australia to Africa, Eurasia, and the Americas

Answer

which of the following is not a method used by archaeologists to study early peoples
Which of the following is not a method used by archaeologists to study early peoples?

A.Locate human remains

B.Analyze fossils and artifacts

C.Use scientific testing such as carbon dating

D.Rely on folklore and historical novels

Answer

during the new stone age people learned to do all of the following except
During the New Stone Age, people learned to do all of the following except –

A. Grow crops

B. Make cloth

C. Read and write

D. Domesticate animals

Answer

old stone age people moved from place to place in order to find
Old Stone Age people moved from place to place in order to find –

A. Pastures for their herds

B. Places to build cities

C. Fertile farmland

D. New food supplies

Answer

early humans were able to survive in a harsh environment because
Early humans were able to survive in a harsh environment because –

A. They traveled individually

B. They created primitive tools

C. They stayed mobile, with no base camp

D. They had highly developed brains

Answer

which map projection is most used by airline pilots
Which map projection is most used by airline pilots’?

A. Mercator

B. Interrupted

C. Robinson

D. Polar

Answer

lines that run vertically from north to south used to locate places on a map are lines of
Lines that run vertically from north to south used to locate places on a map are lines of –

A. Longitude

B. Place

C. Latitude

D. Projections

Answer

lines that run from east to west used to locate places on a map are lines of
Lines that run from east to west used to locate places on a map are lines of –

A. Direction

B. Latitude

C. Longitude

D. Place

Answer

the early writings of the egyptians using pictures to stand for objects was called
The early writings of the Egyptians using pictures to stand for objects was called—

A. Cuneiform

B. Alphabetic

C. Clay tablet

D. Hieroglyphics

Answer

the sumerian writing system of wedge shaped markings is called
The Sumerian writing system of wedge – shaped markings is called—

A. Cuneiform

B. Alphabetic

C. Clay tablets

D. Hieroglyphics

Answer

the ancient egyptian civilization was located on the
The ancient Egyptian civilization was located on the –

A. Ganges in Asia

B. Nile in Africa

C. Hwang He in Asia

D. Congo in Africa

Answer

which of the following is not a characteristic of a civilization
Which of the following is not a characteristic of a civilization?

A. Writing and record keeping

B. Specialized workers

C. Nomadic hunters and gatherers

D. Cities

Answer

in early societies leadership was often provided by
In early societies, leadership was often provided by –

A. Priests

B. Craftsmen

C. Artisans

D. Farmers

Answer

the phoenicians improved upon hieroglyphics and cuneiform to create
The Phoenicians improved upon hieroglyphics and cuneiform to create—

A. The alphabet

B. The number system

C. The standing loom

D. The first maps

Answer

where did the first cities emerge
Where did the first cities emerge?

A. Along trade routes

B. In river valleys

C. Along the Mediterranean coast

D. In the Americas

Answer

slide18
“If the Nile smells the earth is joyous, every stomach is full of rejoicing.” This quotation from an ancient Egyptian hymn shows that the Egyptians regarded the Nile as the –

A. Source of all their troubles

B. Main highway connecting Upper and Lower Egypt

C. Barrier that protected them from foreign attack

D. Geographic feature that made agriculture possible

Answer

which of the following is a true statement about the pharaohs
Which of the following is a true statement about the pharaohs?

A. They were believed to be sons of the god Osiris

B. Their power was limited by Egyptian law

C. They owned and controlled all of the land in Egypt

D. Only men could rule in Egypt

Answer

the fertile crescent extended from the
The Fertile Crescent extended from the –

A. Pacific Ocean to the Yellow River

B. Red Sea to the Nile Delta

C. Persian Gulf to the Mediterranean Sea

D. Bay of Bengal to the Indus River

Answer

slide21
One important difference between the Hebrews and other people of ancient Middle East was that they (the Hebrews) –

A. Believed in the principle of “an eye for an eye”

B. Were monotheistic

C. Migrated into the Jordan River Valley

D. Built a massive temple

Answer

hammurabi s code was a major achievement because it
Hammurabi’s code was a major achievement because it –

A. Was a record of all existing laws

B. Treated citizens and slaves as equals

C. Ended all physical punishment

D. Rejected the principle of “an eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth”

Answer

which ancient civilization was most known for this structure
Which ancient civilization was most known for this structure?

A. Babylonia

B. Rome

C. Egypt

D. Greece

Answer

read the excerpt from the book of genesis and answer the questions that follow
Read the excerpt from the book of Genesis and answer the questions that follow

“I will give you many descendants, and some of them will be kings. You will have so many descendants that they will become nations…. I will keep my promise to you and your descendants in the future generations as an everlasting covenant. I will be the god and the god of your descendants.”

From this passage, there is evidence to support that the Hebrew became—

A. Atheist

B. Agnostic

C. Polytheistic

D. Monotheistic

Answer

slide25
Below are laws from the Hammurabi’s Code. Read the code and answer the following questions.

21. If a man make a breach in [breaks into] a house, they shall put him to death in front of that breach, and they shall bury him there.

25. If a fire breaks out in a man’s house and a man who goes to extinguish it cast his eye on the household property of the owner of the house, that man shall be thrown into the fire.

26. If either an officer or a constable who is ordered to go on an errand of the king do not go, or if he hire a substitute and he carry out his task, that officer or constable shall be put to death. His hired substitute shall take himself his house.

128. If a man takes a wife and do not draw up a contact with her, that woman is not a wife.

what do laws 21 and 25 tell you about the importance babylonians placed on household property
What do laws 21 and 25 tell you about the importance Babylonians placed on household property?

A. Little importance

B. Great importance

C. No importance

D. Cannot be answered from this reading

Answer

what law indicated that a legal contract was necessary between husband and wife
What law indicated that a legal contract was necessary between husband and wife?

A. 21

B. 25

C. 26

D. 128

Answer

what was the penalty for disobeying the king
What was the penalty for disobeying the king?

A. Death

B. Exile

C. Imprisonment

D. Enslavement

Answer

about 1500 bc the aryans traveled through hindu kush mountains to invade
About 1500 BC, the Aryans traveled through Hindu Kush Mountains to invade—

A. Eastern Europe

B. The Indus River Valley

C. The Deccan Plateau

D. East Asia

Answer

which of the following mountain ranges formed a barrier across northern india
Which of the following mountain ranges formed a barrier across northern India?

A. Vindhyas

B. Eastern Ghats

C. Western Ghats

D. Himalayas

Answer

the first indian civilization developed in the
The first Indian civilization developed in the –

A. Deccan Plateau

B. Indus River Valley

C. Ganges River Valley

D. Hindu Kush

Answer

hinduism developed out of the
Hinduism developed out of the –

A. Buddhist tradition

B. Teachings of Vishnu

C. Religious beliefs of the Aryans

D. Zoroastrian tradition

Answer

hindus believe that the cycle of reincarnation continues for an individual soul until
Hindus believe that the cycle of reincarnation continues for an individual soul until—

A. All souls reach perfection

B. The end of the world

C. The god Shiva returns to reward the good and punish the wicked

D. That soul achieve moksha or union with Brahman

Answer

to learn about the basic beliefs of buddhism a scholar would study
To learn about the basic beliefs of Buddhism, a scholar would study—

A. The Vedas and Upanishads

B. The collected writings of Confucius

C. The Four Noble Truths and the Eightfold Path

D. The Way and its Power

Answer

the emperor asoka s most lasting achievement was
The emperor Asoka’s most lasting achievement was –

A. Conquering Kalinga

B. Encouraging the spread of Buddhism

C. Writing a code of ethics for doctors

D. Uniting the Gupta Empire

Answer

which of the following was not a characteristic of the aryan social system
Which of the following was not a characteristic of the Aryan social system?

A. The system was composed of four major classes

B. People could move freely from one group to another

C. Certain duties were assigned to each group

D. Each large group was composed of smaller groups based on occupation

Answer

which of the following was not a characteristic of the gupta empire
Which of the following was not a characteristic of the Gupta Empire?

A. Achievements in mathematics and literature

B. New textiles

C. Support for Christianity

D. Movement of ideas to other countries

Answer

when the aryan and indian culture blended what religion resulted
When the Aryan and Indian culture blended, what religion resulted?

A. Vedic

B. Buddhism

C. Hinduism

D. Christianity

Answer

the figure shown above represents which major world religion
The figure shown above represents which major world religion?

A. Christianity

B. Buddhism

C. Islam

D. Hinduism

Answer

the figure pictured above represents what religion
The figure pictured above represents what religion?

A. Shinto

B. Christianity

C. Hinduism

D. Judaism

Answer

the zhou claimed they were given the mandate of heaven which meant
The Zhou claimed they were given the Mandate of Heaven, which meant—

A. The Zhou people would go straight to heaven if they died

B. They could establish a feudalism system without asking a high priest.

C. They had the approval of the gods to rule.

D. They could communicate with the gods by using dragon bones.

Answer

where did the first civilization in china develop
Where did the first civilization in China develop?

A. In Manchuria

B. Along the Yangtze River

C. Along the Hwang He

D. In the foothills of the Himalayas

Answer

confucius was most concerned with
Confucius was most concerned with –

A. Teaching a code of moral conduct

B. Increasing the power of the emperor

C. Abolishing social classes

D. Showing people how to reach nirvana

Answer

the great wall of china was built to protect china from invasion by
The Great Wall of China was built to protect China from invasion by –

A. Huns

B. Nomadic tribes

C. Japanese samurai

D. Russian Cossacks

Answer

candidates for the chinese civil service needed a thorough knowledge of
Candidates for the Chinese civil service needed a thorough knowledge of—

A. Science and mathematics

B. The Confucian classics

C. The teachings of Buddha

D. World Geography

Answer

who was the founder of the taoist system of thought practiced in ancient china
Who was the founder of the Taoist system of thought practiced in Ancient China?

A. Laozi

B. Sima Quian

C. Emperor Wudi

D. King Yu

Answer

taoism was most concerned with
Taoism was most concerned with –

A. Family relationships

B. The individual in society

C. The individual in harmony with nature

D. Social order and structure

Answer

which of the following was not a contribution of the tang dynasty to the golden age of china
Which of the following was not a contribution of the Tang dynasty to the Golden Age of China?

A. Development of printing

B. Encouragement of literature

C. Development of Shintoism

D. Influencing of Korea and Japan

Answer

which of the following connected china to the western world and rome
Which of the following connected China to the Western World and Rome?

A. Grand Canal

B. Suez Canal

C. South China Road

D. Silk Road

Answer

which two religions were introduced to japan from china
Which two religions were introduced to Japan from China?

A. Buddhism and Shintoism

B. Hinduism and Buddhism

C. Confucianism and Hinduism

D. Buddhism and Confucianism

Answer

the state religion of early japan that venerated worshipped the emperor was
The state religion of early Japan that venerated (worshipped) the emperor was—

A. Zen Buddhism

B. Buddhism

C. Shintoism

D. Confucianism

Answer

what structure is shown
What structure is shown?

A. Great Wall

B Appian Way

C. Silk Road

D. Roman aqueduct

Answer

slide54
What structure is shown?

A. Mosque

B. Pagoda

C. Cathedral

D. Ziggurat

Answer

the mountainous land in greece encouraged the greeks to
The mountainous land in Greece encouraged the Greeks to—

A. Adopt the Phoenician alphabet

B. Live in a small isolated communities

C. Worship the goddess Athena

D. Follow a peaceful way of life

Answer

ancient greece was located between the aegean sea and the
Ancient Greece was located between the Aegean Sea and the –

A. Black Sea

B. Red Sea

C. Atlantic Ocean

D. Mediterranean Sea

Answer

which of the following was a positive impact of the location of ancient greece
Which of the following was a positive impact of the location of Ancient Greece?

A. It promoted unity among all Greeks

B. It provided protection from invasion by sea

C. It promoted contacts trade and exchange of ideas

D. It provided a direct sea route to China

Answer

what was the impact of poor farmland on ancient greece
What was the impact of poor farmland on Ancient Greece?

A. The Greeks began to colonize land outside Greece

B. The Greeks were constantly invaded by migrants from the Fertile Crescent

C. The Greeks were forced to irrigate the deserts

D. The Greeks attacked the Macedonians

Answer

the greek myths were important because these stories explained
The Greek myths were important because these stories explained—

A. The coming of the Dark Ages to Greece

B. The creation of the universe and the mysteries of nature

C. The adventure of Spartans

D. The growth of the Greek dynasty and empire

Answer

what products were traded by the greek city states with their colonies
What products were traded by the Greek city-states with their colonies?

A. Pottery for cotton and wine

B. Wine and olives for grain

C. Wool for cheese and dairy products

D. Iron weapons for seafood

Answer

the ancient greeks developed each of the following forms of government except
The ancient Greeks developed each of the following forms of government except—

A. Democracy

B. Aristocracy

C. Monarchy

D. Theocracy

Answer

the first athenian law code was drawn up by
The first Athenian law code was drawn up by –

A. Pericles

B. Poseidon

C. Xerxes

D. Draco

Answer

a form of government in which there is rule by a small group of nobles is called
A form of government in which there is rule by a small group of nobles is called—

A. Monarchy

B. Aristocracy

C. Tyranny

D. Democracy

Answer

the government in which power lies in the hands of all citizens is
The government in which power lies in the hands of all citizens is—

A. A democracy

B. An oligarchy

C. A polis

D. A tyranny

Answer

a greek city state and the surrounding villages and fields was called
A Greek city- state and the surrounding villages and fields was called—

A. A polis

B. An acropolis

C. The Parthenon

D. A helot

Answer

an immediate result of the persian wars was that athens
An immediate result of the Persian Wars was that Athens—

A. Became part of the Persian Empire

B. Lost control of the Delian League

C. Abandoned plans to conquer Sparta

D. Emerged as the leading Greek city- state

Answer

after what war did pericles rebuild athens
After what war did Pericles rebuild Athens?

A. Pelloponnesian

B. Persian

C. Spartan

D. Salamis

Answer

what organization was formed after the persian wars by athens as a defense against external enemies
What organization was formed after the Persian Wars by Athens as a defense against external enemies?

A. Delian League

B. Spartan /Athens League

C. Peloponnesian League

D. Macedonian League

Answer

slide69
“I will give no deadly medicine to anyone if asked….”This advice to physicians comes from the teachings of –

a. Pythagoras

b. Thales

c. Archimedes

d. Hippocrates

Answer

the sculptor who carved the statue of athena for the parthenon was
The sculptor who carved the statue of Athena for the Parthenon was—

a. Plato

b. Phidias

c. Aristophanes

d. Euclid

Answer

the parthenon at athens is an example of greek innovation in
The Parthenon at Athens is an example of Greek innovation in—

a. Philosophy

b. Theater

c. Architecture

d. Painting

Answer

which leader helped spread greek civilization across the ancient middle east
Which leader helped spread Greek civilization across the ancient Middle East?

a.Pericles

b. Augustus

c. Xerxes

d. Alexander

Answer

alexander the great conquered an empire that stretched from
Alexander the Great conquered an empire that stretched from—

a. Macedonia to Greece

b. Greece to Asia Minor

c. Egypt to Persia

d. Greece to the Indus Valley

Answer

slide74
Read the excerpt and answer the following questions:
  • “Our constitution is called a democracy because power is in the hands not of a minority but of the whole people. When it is a question of putting one person before another in positions of public responsibility, what counts is not a membership of a particular class, but the ability the man possesses.”
what type of government does pericles state that athens has
What type of government does Pericles state that Athens has?

a. Republic

b. Democracy

c. Dictatorship

d. Monarchy

Answer

in athens according to the passage what is more important than a person s position in society
In Athens, according to the passage, what is more important than a person’s position in society?

a. Where they live

b. Who their family is

c. Their religious beliefs

d. Their abilities

Answer

the laws in athens regarding private disputes
The laws in Athens regarding private disputes—

a. Maintained that everyone was equal before the law

b. Stated that people were guilty until proven innocent

c. The wealthy could buy justice

d. The politicians could not be charged in a private suit

Answer

slide78
Which ancient civilization was most known for

This type of structure?

a. Babylonia

b. China

c. Egypt

d. Greece

Answer

which of the following provided protection for ancient rome from northern invaders
Which of the following provided protection for ancient Rome from northern invaders?

a. Sicily

b. Italian Plains

c. Alps

d. Carthage

Answer

the religions of ancient romans can best be described as
The religions of Ancient Romans can best be described as –

a. Atheism

b. Deism

c. Monotheism

d. Polytheism

Answer

which of the following was not a roman god or goddess
Which of the following was not a Roman god or goddess?

a. Zeus

b. Jupiter

c. Apollo

d. Mars

Answer

the romans adopted the gods of the but gave them roman names
The Romans adopted the gods of the ___________, but gave them Roman names.

a. Greeks

b. Etruscans

c. Latins

d. Gauls

Answer

roman law is important to us today because
Roman law is important to us today because –

a. It shows why the empire finally fell apart

b. It was extremely harsh and unfair to conquered peoples

c. It did not protect the rights of people accused of crimes

d. It developed ideas of justice that are the basis of our legal system

Answer

the twelve tables of law were significant because they
The Twelve Tables of Law were significant because they—

a. Provided Rome with its first written law code

b. Allowed Roman women to divorce their husbands

c. Made Rome a republic

d. Allowed Plebeians to serve in the Senate

Answer

rome added an important new idea to the law by
Rome added an important new idea to the law by—

a. Recognizing that women had equal rights with men

b. Allowing judges to write their own law codes

  • Unifying all of its laws into the Twelve Tables
  • Considering an accused person innocent until proven guilty

Answer

slide86
The majority of the population consisting of landowners, townspeople, merchants, and small farmers were called—

a. Consuls

b. Plebeians

c. Patricians

d. Tribunes

Answer

the term for the two leaders elected by the senate to serve rome for one year was
The term for the two leaders elected by the Senate to serve Rome for one year was—

a. Tribune

b. Dictator

c. Consul

d. Mercenary

Answer

northern african state that fought three wars against rome
Northern African state that fought three wars against Rome—

a. Spartacus

b. Rubicon

c. Carthage

d. Punic

Answer

what was the name of the general who invaded italy in 218 b c with an army and 60 elephants
What was the name of the general who invaded Italy in 218 B.C. with an army and 60 elephants?

a. Hannibal

b. Caesar

c. Sulla

d. Tiberius

Answer

slide90
The cheap grain and many slaves that were sent to Rome during the wars of expansion caused problems for—

a. Small farmers

b. Wealthy plebeians

c. Large landowners

d. Praetors

Answer

the roman leader that ked the rome in the conquest of gaul and the british isles was
The Roman leader that ked the Rome in the conquest of Gaul and the British Isles was—

a. Julius Caesar

b. Pompey

c. Augustus Caesar

d. Hannibale

Answer

which of the following was not a reason for the decline of the roman republic
Which of the following was not a reason for the decline of the Roman Republic?

a. Devaluation of Roman currency

b. Civil wars over power

c. Unemployment and migration of small farmers to the cities

d. Decline in slavery damaging the agricultural system

Answer

the first roman to rule the roman state as an empire not a republic was
The first Roman to rule the Roman state as an empire, not a republic, was –

a. Marc Antony

b. Augustus

c. Brutus

d. Tiberius

Answer

the pax romana can be considered the golden age of rome because it was a time when rome
The Pax Romana can be considered the Golden Age of Rome because it was a time when Rome—

a. Won control of Italy

b. Enjoyed stable government

c. Was ruled by generals

d. Adopted a democratic form of government

Answer

which of the following was not an economic impact of the pax romana
Which of the following was not an economic impact of the Pax Romana?

a. Developed a uniform rule of law

b. Established a uniform system of money

c. Guaranteed safe travel and trade

d. Promoted prosperity and stability

Answer

apostles and missionaries played an important role in early christianity because they
Apostles and missionaries played an important role in early Christianity because they—

a. Were the first popes

b. Wrote the Nicene Creed

c. Stopped the persecution begun by Nero

d. Established and carried Christian teachings to all

Answer

early christianity appealed to many because it
Early Christianity appealed to many because it—

a. Called for an end to the Roman Empire

b. Recognized all people as equal before God

c. Allowed people to follow mystery religions

d. Allowed women to become bishops

Answer

which of the following is not part of christian beliefs
Which of the following is not part of Christian beliefs?

a. Belief in one God

b. Belief in many gods

c. Jesus as the Son of God

d. Life after death

Answer

which of the following is not part of judaism
Which of the following is not part of Judaism?

a. God’s covenant with his chosen people

b. Ten Commandments

c. New Testament

d. Belief in one God

Answer

as christianity developed the leadership of the church was assumed by the
As Christianity developed, the leadership of the Church was assumed by the –

a. Roman emperor

b. Bishop of Alexandria

c. Council of Nicaea

d. Bishop of Rome

Answer

unlike followers of other religions in the roman empire christians
Unlike followers of other religions in the Roman Empire, Christians—

a. Were not tolerated by the government

b. Believed in a vengeful god

c. Worshipped the emperor

d. Rejected the idea of miracles

Answer

one of the greatest accomplishments of roman engineering was
One of the greatest accomplishments of Roman engineering was—

a. The designs for columns

b. Inventing the Etruscan arch

c. The Aqueduct

d. The works of Galen

Answer

the author of the aeneid was
The author of the Aeneid was –

a. Cicero

b. Tacitus

c. Virgil

d. Horace

Answer

slide104
The Greek scholar who developed the scientific theory that the earth was the center of the universe was—

a. Ptolemy

b. Galen

c. Virgil

d. Livy

Answer

romance languages of europe such as french and spanish were derived from
Romance languages of Europe such as French and Spanish were derived from—

a. Greek

b. Egyptian

c. Etruscan

d. Latin

Answer

all of the following were factors in the fall of the roman empire except
All of the following were factors in the fall of the Roman Empire except—

a. Economic decline

b. Political instability caused by ineffective emperors

c. Invasions of Germanic tribes

d. The stoic philosophy of Marcus Aurelius

Answer

historians date the fall of the roman empire back to
Historians date the fall of the Roman Empire back to –

a. 44 b.c.

b. 122 a.d.

c. 284 a.d.

d. 476 a.d.

Answer

slide108
Identify this Roman structure.

a. Pantheon

b. Constantine’s Arch

c. Forum

d. Colosseum

Answer

slide109
This symbol represents what religion?

a. Shinto

b. Christianity

c. Hinduism

d. Judaism

Answer

the capital of the byzantine empire was
The capital of the Byzantine Empire was—

a. Constantinople

b. Baghdad

c. Damascus

d. Rome

Answer

which religion was adopted by the russians in the tenth century
Which religion was adopted by the Russians in the tenth century?

a. Byzantine Christianity

b. Islam

c. Judaism

d. Roman Christianity

Answer

kievan russia was strongly influenced by the culture of
Kievan Russia was strongly influenced by the culture of—

a. Islam

b. The Byzantine Empire

c. The Ottoman Turks

d. Persia

Answer

justinian s code was a major achievement because it preserved
Justinian’s Code was a major achievement because it preserved –

a. Middle Eastern works on science

b. Classical Greek plays

c. Early Christian writing

d. Roman law

Answer

which of the following are true statements about the church of the byzantine empire
Which of the following are true statements about the church of the Byzantine Empire?

I. The emperor was the head of the Church in the Byzantine Empire

II.Greek was the language of the Byzantine Church

III. The clergy were considered state officials.

IV. Byzantine priests like the clergy in Western Europe could not marry.

a. I only

b. I, II, and III

c. III and IV

d. II,III, and IV

Answer

saint cyril and methodius were known as apostles to the slavs because they
Saint Cyril and Methodius were known as Apostles to the Slavs because they—

a. Taught the Slavs to speak Greek

b. Helped the Slavs overthrow the Mongols

c. Converted many Slavs into Christianity

d. Translated the Slavic Bible into Latin

  • Answer
which of the following statements best explains why constantinople is advantageously located
Which of the following statements best explains why Constantinople is advantageously located?

a. It is situated on a crossroad between Europe and Asia

b. It is located in the Byzantine Empire

c. It lies across from the Ottoman empire

d. It is near to the Sea of Marmara

Answer

which of the following rulers was responsible for building hagia sophia
Which of the following rulers was responsible for building Hagia Sophia?

a. Constantine

b. Justinian

c. Ivan III

d. Muhammad II

Answer

the capital of the byzantine empire was located
The capital of the Byzantine Empire was located—

A. On the Italian peninsula

B. On the Caspian Sea in southern Russia

C. On a peninsula on the Bosporus Strait

D. In the eastern Mediterranean Sea

Answer

justinian is best remembered for his achievements in the field of
Justinian is best remembered for his achievements in the field of—

A. Law

B. Religion

C. Art

D. Literature

Answer

how did the church in the byzantine empire and the church in western europe differ
How did the Church in the Byzantine Empire and the Church in Western Europe differ?

A. The head of the Byzantine Church had great political power

B. Church services in Western Europe were conducted ion Greek

C. Byzantine emperors refused to accept the authority of the Pope

D. Byzantine Christians were polytheists

Answer

a representation of jesus mary or a saint common in byzantine art was known as
A representation of Jesus, Mary, or a saint, common in Byzantine art, was known as—

A. Boyars

B. An icon

C. A patriarch

D. An image

Answer

which two cities were headquarters of the roman catholic church and the eastern orthodox church
Which two cities were headquarters of the Roman Catholic Church and the eastern Orthodox Church?

A. Constantinople and Kiev

B. Rome and Kiev

C. Athens and Constantinople

D. Rome and Constantinople

Answer

a mosaic is a
A mosaic is a –

A. Design formed from tiny pieces of colored glass and stone

B. Religious image often painted on wood

C. Style of arch common in Byzantine architecture

D. Weapons developed by the Seljuk Turks

Answer

the byzantine cathedral called the church of holy wisdom was the
The Byzantine cathedral, called the “Church of Holy Wisdom” was the—

A. Boyars

B. Hagia Sofia

C. Taj Majal

D. Vatican

Answer

what led constantine to choose the site of constantinople for his capital
What led Constantine to choose the site of Constantinople for his capital?

A. Easy access to Rome and Western Europe

B. Natural protection from attack and major trade route

C. An established Turkish population and religion

D. Rich farm land and major river routes

Answer

which of the following is true of byzantine art
Which of the following is true of Byzantine art?

A. Only clergy are shown

B. Landscape is the primary focus

C. Mosaics were popular art forms

D. Simple designs with little color were preferred

Answer

the birthplace of islam was
The birthplace of Islam was—

A. The Fertile Crescent

B. The Arabian Peninsula

C. Asia Minor

D. North Africa

Answer

god s word to mohammed known as the sacred book of islam is
God’s word to Mohammed known as the sacred book of Islam is—

A. The Tale of Genji

B. The Old Testament

C. The Diamond Sutra

D. The Quran

Answer

according to the five pillars of islam the first duty of all muslims is
According to the Five Pillars of Islam, the first duty of all Muslims is—

A. Belief in afterlife

B. Belief in one God

C. Pilgrimage to Mecca

D. Loyalty to Muhammad

Answer

the most important part of islam is belief in
The most important part of Islam is belief in—

A. An afterlife

B. The necessity of living a moral life

C. Reincarnation

D. One God

Answer

who were the people of the book
Who were the People of the Book?

A. Muslims

B. Sunni Muslims

C. Jews and Christians

D. Eastern Orthodox Christians

Answer

a major contribution of scholars from the islamic empire was
A major contribution of scholars from the Islamic Empire was--

A. Inventing the decimal system

B. Studying the Koran

C. Preserving much of the learning of the ancient Greek world

D. Inventing the Cyrilbetlic alpha

Answer

all of the following are among the five pillars of islam except
All of the following are among the Five Pillars of Islam except –

A. The duty to worship Muhammad as a god

B. The duty to give alms

C. The duty of fasting during Ramadan

D. The duty of making a pilgrimage to Mecca

Answer

muslims considered the quran the greatest written work in arabic mainly because it
Muslims considered the Quran the greatest written work in Arabic mainly because it—

A. Told the life of Muhammad

B. Established a system of law

C. Protected the People of the Book

D. Was believed to be the word of God

Answer

which of the following beliefs is held by muslims jews and christians
Which of the following beliefs is held by Muslims, Jews, and Christians?

A. Belief in reincarnation

B. Belief in Jesus as the messiah

C. Belief in one God

D. Belief in Muhammad

Answer

the split between sunni and shiite muslims began with disagreement over
The split between Sunni and Shiite Muslims began with disagreement over—

A. The choice of a caliph

B. A belief in one God

C. Acceptance of the Quran

D. The required pilgrimage to Mecca

Answer

which of the following words best describes muslim trade
Which of the following words best describes Muslim trade?

A. Extensive

B. Restricted

C. Forbidden

D. Unsuccessful

Answer

according to the five pillars of islam every muslim must
According to the Five Pillars of Islam, every Muslim must—

A. Read the Bible

B. Give alms

C. Belief in many gods

D. Obey official priests

Answer

the economic prosperity of the islamic empire was due largely to
The economic prosperity of the Islamic Empire was due largely to—

A. The development of a manor economy

B. The spoils of war

C. Trade and commerce

D. The manufacture of steel swords

Answer

which of the following issues caused a division within islam
Which of the following issues caused a division within Islam?

A. Belief in one God

B. Respect for the Quran

C. Requirement of making the hajj to Mecca

D. Choice of a successor to Muhammad

Answer

according to islam who is the last great prophet
According to Islam, who is the last great prophet?

A. Jesus

B. Ali

C. Mohammad

D. Moses

Answer

which of the following was not a great center or capital of islam empires
Which of the following was not a great center or capital of Islam empires?

A. Tours

B. Mecca

C. Damascus

D. Baghdad

Answer

unlike the shiites sunni muslims
Unlike the Shiites, Sunni Muslims—

A. Accepted the rule of the Umayyads

B. Did not participate in jihads

C. Did not accept the rule by any man who was not a direct descendant of Mohammed

D. Believed Mecca was a holy city

Answer

at its height the muslim empire included all of the following except
At its height, the Muslim empire included all of the following except—

A. Persia

B. North Africa

C. Spain

D. Italy

Answer

the holy book of judaism is the
The holy book of Judaism is the—

A. Quran

B. Torah

C. New Testament

D. Gospels

Answer

muslim armies were stopped in their advances in europe at
Muslim armies were stopped in their advances in Europe at—

A. Mecca

B. Medina

C. Cairo

D. Tours

Answer

what happened to the muslim empire in the 10th century when its power began to fade
What happened to the Muslim Empire in the 10th century when its power began to fade?

A. Conquered by the Byzantines and Persians

B. Split into caliphates or separate states

C. Defeat by the Tamerlane

D. Overrun by the Monguls from Russia

Answer

the land area between the red sea and the persian gulf is
The land area between the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf is—

A. The Balkan Peninsula

B. The Arabian Peninsula

C. Mostly fertile farmland

D. Entirely covered by sand dunes

Answer

where was the aztec civilization
Where was the Aztec civilization?

A. Along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico

B. Central Mexico

C. In the Andes

D. On Peru’s Pacific coast

Answer

the maya religious centers were located on
The Maya religious centers were located on—

A. The Florida peninsula

B. Islands in the Gulf of Mexico

C. Mexico and Central America

D. The East Coast of what is now Brazil

Answer

mayans developed an accurate solar calendar so they could
Mayans developed an accurate solar calendar so they could—

A. Plant crops at the proper time

B. Hold religious ceremonies at the correct moment

C. Build pyramids on schedule

D. Record historical events

Answer

which of the following best described the mayan government
Which of the following best described the Mayan government?

A. Each city state had its own ruling chief

B. Only men could rule

C. A king ruled over the entire Mayan empire

D. The emperor claimed divine power

Answer

the main export of the african kingdom of ghana was
The main export of the African kingdom of Ghana was—

A. Salt

B. Slaves

C. Gold

D. Diamonds

Answer

slide155
Trade helped spread ideas, as well as goods, throughout all of Africa. An example of this is the number of African people who adopted—

A. Islamic ideas and customs

B. The principles of Christianity

C. The technique of preserving food with salts

D. Systems of courts and judges

Answer

ghana acquired wealth and power because of
Ghana acquired wealth and power because of —

A. Islamic laws

B. Willingness to travel by caravan

C. Elegant trading style

D. Location between the salt mines and the gold mines

Answer

what african kingdom conquered egypt in the eighth century b c
What African kingdom conquered Egypt in the eighth century B.C.?

A. Kush

B. Axum

C. Ghana

D. Mali

Answer

the feudal contract was an arrangement by which a
The feudal contract was an arrangement by which a –

A. Lord pledged to obey his vassal

B. Vassal became a knight

C. Vassal agreed to follow the code of chivalry

D. Lord and vassal both agreed to certain obligations

Answer

all of the following were obligations of serfs except
All of the following were obligations of serfs except—

A. Paying rent on the land they farmed

B. Repairing the lord’s castle

C. Providing 40 days of military service

D. Working on the lord’s lands

Answer

an example of self sufficiency on a manor would be
An example of self – sufficiency on a manor would be—

A. Leaving one field unplowed in each year

B. Buying salt from a wandering trader

C. The Great Clearing

D. Spinning wool into cloth

Answer

feudalism became a complex system because
Feudalism became a complex system because—

A. Feudal kings had absolute power

B. Vassals often owed loyalty to more than one lord

C. Vassals had to contribute to their lord’s ransom

D. Knights wore heavy suits of armor

Answer

the manor economy was based on
The manor economy was based on—

A. Trade among many villages

B. Farming and self sufficiency

C. Metal working

D. Herding and weaving

Answer

the reason of the feudal system developed was a need for
The reason of the feudal system developed was a need for—

A. Protection from invaders

B. Manors for food

C. Churches for religion

D. Emperor to rule

Answer

charlemagne revived learning by
Charlemagne revived learning by—

A. Establishing Aachen as his capital

B. Sending royal officials to check on nobles

C. Inviting scholars to his court

D. Making Greek the language of the Church

Answer

charlemagne revived learning by165
Charlemagne revived learning by—

A. Establishing Aachen as his capital

B. Sending royal officials to check on nobles

C. Inviting scholars to his court

D. Making Greek the language of the Church

Answer

an important impact of the crowning of charlemagne as emperor by the pope in 800 a d was
An important impact of the crowning of Charlemagne as Emperor by the Pope in 800 A.D. was—

A. It established the power of the Church in political life

B. It made the pope a co-emperor

C. It ended the Roman Empire

D. It led to greater expansion into Italy

Answer

the invasions of europe in the 8oos and 900s put political power into the hands of
The invasions of Europe in the 8oos and 900s put political power into the hands of—

A. Kings

B. The Roman Emperor

C. The Priests

D. Strong local lords

Answer

after the death of charlemagne europe was invaded by all of the following except
After the death of Charlemagne, Europe was invaded by all of the following except—

A. Vikings

B. Magyars

C. Huns

D. Muslims

Answer

as a result of the treaty of verdun charlemagne s empire was
As a result of the Treaty of Verdun, Charlemagne’s empire was—

A. Conquered by Muslim invaders

B. Divided among his grandsons

C. Given to the king of England

D. Put under Church control

Answer

the term that best describes europe s political system after the breakup of charlemagne s empire is
The term that best describes Europe’s political system after the breakup of Charlemagne’s empire is—

A. Monarchy

B. Knighthood

C. Manorialism

D. Feudalism

Answer

the invaders that settled in england were the
The invaders that settled in England were the—

A. French and Normans

B. Germans and Huns

C. Angles and Saxons

D. Latins and Greeks

Answer

the catholic church taught that the way to achieve salvation was
The Catholic church taught that the way to achieve salvation was

A. To join a religious order

B. To study the Bible

C. Through the seven sacraments

D. Through carrying out one’s obligations to one’s lord

Answer

some monasteries helped improve life for people in the middle ages by
Some monasteries helped improve life for people in the Middle Ages by—

A. Opposing the feudal system

B. Giving land to peasants

C. Supporting the work of Inquisition

D. Providing care for the sick and homeless

Answer

the leading institution in medieval society was the
The leading institution in medieval society was the –

A. Roman legal system

B. Christian church

C. Monarchy

D. Family

Answer

slide175
Which of the following was important in carrying the Latin alphabet and the Christian faith to the German tribes?

A. Troubadours

B. Missionaries

C. Heretics

D. Knights

Answer

which of the following was not a role of the monasteries in the middle ages
Which of the following was not a role of the monasteries in the Middle Ages?

A. Elect new popes and church officials

B. Preserve Greco-Roman culture in libraries

C. Reproduce illuminated manuscripts

D. Provide shelter for travelers

Answer

the hindu belief in the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form is called
The Hindu belief in the rebirth of the soul in another bodily form is called –

A. Reincarnation

B. Stupa

C. Filial piety

D. Shiva

Answer

hindus believed that caste could only be changed by
Hindus believed that caste could only be changed by –

A. The Emperor

B. Marriage

C. The law of Karma

D. Moving

Answer

which of the following is not associated with judaism
Which of the following is not associated with Judaism?

A. Torah

B. Yarmulke

C. Ten Commandments

D. Koran

Answer

according to the jewish faith the term for a savior sent by god is
According to the Jewish faith, the term for “a savior sent by God” is –

A. Mercenary

B. Martyr

C. Patrician

D. Messiah

Answer

slide181
One way in which the Eightfold Path and the Five Pillars of Islamic Faith are similar is that these rules –

A. Represent codes of behavior

B. Restrict social mobility

C. Stress the spiritual being in all natural objects

D. Show a deep respect for reincarnation

Answer

which of the following traditions do hindus and buddhists share
Which of the following traditions do Hindus and Buddhists share?

A. The caste system

B. Belief in many gods

C. Formal rituals

D. Nonviolence

Answer

which of the following is not associated with the islamic religion
Which of the following is not associated with the Islamic religion?

A. Ramadan

B. Mecca

C. Easter

D. Jihad

Answer

the religion that began in india and then spread to china is
The religion that began in India and then spread to China is –

A. Christianity

B. Buddhism

C. Hinduism

D. Islam

Answer

which of the following is not a monotheistic faith
Which of the following is not a monotheistic faith?

A. Islam

B. Christianity

C. Judaism

D. Hinduism

Answer

the religion of islam was founded in this middle eastern country
The religion of Islam was founded in this Middle Eastern country –

A. Egypt

B. Iran

C. Saudi Arabia

D. Iraq

Answer

the agreement between god and abraham is called the
The agreement between God and Abraham is called the –

A. Contract

B. Covenant

C. Binder

D. Understanding

Answer

which description best describes the caste system
Which description best describes the caste system?

A. Three main castes with different faces of each

B. One main caste and many smaller castes

C. Four main castes with many sub-castes

D. Two big castes with no subdivisions

Answer

the indo european people that invaded india and founded the caste system were named the
The Indo-European people that invaded India and founded the caste system were named the –

A. Hebrews

B. Aryans

C. Muslims

D. Hindus

Answer

siddhartha gautama came to be known as
Siddhartha Gautama came to be known as –

A. Brahma

B. Vishnu

C. The Messiah

D. The Buddha

Answer

the buddhist goal of life is to achieve
The Buddhist goal of life is to achieve –

A. Moksha

B. Karma

C. Nirvana

D. Salvation

Answer

your religious and moral duty as a hindu or buddhist is also known as
Your religious and moral duty as a Hindu or Buddhist is also known as –

A. Karma

B. Dharma

C. Moksha

D. Job

Answer

jews believe that one should live a moral life and presume that after death
Jews believe that one should live a moral life and presume that after death –

A. You go to heaven

B. You are released from the wheel of life

C. They do not presume to know what will happen

D. Your spirit is reborn

Answer

the word christ comes from the greek word that means
The word Christ comes from the Greek word that means –

A. King

B. Holy

C. Messiah

D. Blessed one

Answer

polytheism is the belief in
Polytheism is the belief in

A. One god

B. Many gods

C. No gods

D. None of the above

Answer

abraham was the leader of the
Abraham was the leader of the –

A. Christians

B. Muslims

C. Hebrews

D. Hindus

Answer

which of the following is not a former name for the area now known as israel is
Which of the following is not a former name for the area now known as Israel is

A. Palestine

B. Judea

C. Canaan

D. Jerusalem

Answer

the first roman emperor to embrace christianity was
The first Roman emperor to embrace Christianity was

A. Tiberius

B. Marcus Aurelius

C. Diocletian

D. Constantine

Answer

the main source of information about the life of jesus of nazareth comes from
The main source of information about the life of Jesus of Nazareth comes from –

A. The Nicene creed

B. Augustine’s book, City of God

C. The Epistles of the Christian Bible

D. The Gospels of the Christian Bible

Answer

hindus believe that is the good and bad deeds that a person engages in over one or more lifetimes
Hindus believe that _____ is the good and bad deeds that a person engages in over one or more lifetimes.

a. Moksha

b. Samsara

c. Dharma

d. Karma

Answer

the circumstances of a hindu s life are determined by
The circumstances of a Hindu’s life are determined by –

A. Caste

B. Weather

C. Priests

D. Buddha

Answer

slide202
The Buddhist heightened state of understanding, which is available to anyone who pursues it long enough, is called –

A. Illumination

B. Enlightenment

C. Moksha

D. Meditation

Answer

slide203
The state of perfect contentment that results from perfect understanding and frees a Buddhist from all suffering is–

A. Meditation

B. Salvation

C. Moksha

D. Nirvana

Answer

the three main hindu gods are
The three main Hindu gods are –

A. Brahma, Yahweh, and Allah

B. Allah, Jesus, and Abraham

C. Karma, Dharma, and Moksha

D. Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva

Answer

slide205
According to the Torah, the first covenant between God and the Hebrew people involved an agreement that –

A. The Hebrew people would obey the ten commandments

B. God would protect the Hebrews during their exodus from Egypt

C. The twelve tribes of Israel would unify into the kingdom of Israel

D. God would bless Abraham and his descendants, and they would be faithful

Answer

the symbol for judaism is known as the
The symbol for Judaism is known as the –

A. Cross

B. Star and Crescent

C. Mogen David

D. Wheel

Answer

the forcing of jews from their home and into exile is known as the
The forcing of Jews from their home and into exile is known as the –

A. Movement

B. Diaspora

C. Migration

D. Spread

Answer

slide208
In early Christianity, the bishop of _____ was considered the Pope, the leader of the entire Christian church.

A. Constantinople

B. Rome

C. Mecca

D. Jerusalem

Answer

jesus twelve disciples came to be known as the
Jesus’ twelve disciples came to be known as the –

A. Zealots

B. Clergy

C. Apostles

D. Epistles

Answer

the first pope of the christian church is considered to be
The first pope of the Christian church is considered to be –

A. Paul

B. Peter

C. Jesus

D. Constantine

Answer

the christian leader wrote letters to that formed the epistles to groups of believers
The Christian leader _____ wrote letters to that formed the Epistles to groups of believers.

A. Paul

B. Peter

C. Jesus

D. Constantine

Answer

which of the following is not writing related to the hindu religion
Which of the following is not writing related to the Hindu religion –

A. Vedas

B. Upanishads

C. Mahabrata

D. Sutras

Answer

according to hinduism the creator of the world is
According to Hinduism, the creator of the world is –

A. Shiva

B. Vishnu

C. Brahma

D. Samudra

Answer

which of the following is not a method of spreading religious beliefs
Which of the following is not a method of spreading religious beliefs:

A. Conquest

B. Cultural Interaction

C. Meditation

Answer

jihad is defined within the muslim faith as
Jihad is defined within the Muslim faith as –

A. A call to war

B. A call to Mosque

C. The effort of a good Muslim to preserve his community

D. The effort of a good Muslim to enlarge his community.

Answer

slide216
Before Mohammed preached the existence of only one God, the Arabian peninsula was populated by all the following except –

A. Bedouin polytheistic idol worshipers

B. Nomadic Pastoralists

C. Traders

D. Muslims

Answer

the jewish leader who led his people out of bondage in egypt was
The Jewish leader who led his people out of bondage in Egypt was –

A. Jesus

B. Abraham

C. Moses

D. David

Answer

christian salvation is achieved through
Christian salvation is achieved through –

A. Meditation

B. The Five Pillars

C. Faith and good works

D. Reincarnation

Answer

which of the following is not a sect of the christian church
Which of the following is not a sect of the Christian church?

A. Protestant

B. Sunni

C. Catholic

D. Greek Orthodox

Answer

the five pillars refer to
The Five Pillars refer to –

A. The Islamic guide to salvation

B. The Christian guide to salvation

C. The Jewish guide to salvation

D. The Buddhist guide to salvation

Answer

this concept divides the world into two powers the masculine and the feminine
This concept divides the world into two powers, the masculine and the feminine.

A. Confucianism

B. Daoism

C. Legalism

D. Shintoism

Answer

the english translation of dao or tao is
The English translation of Dao (or Tao) is –

A. The way

B. The light

C. The man

D. The Analects

Answer

the golden rule is attributed to the teachings of
The Golden Rule is attributed to the teachings of –

A. Confucius

B. Jesus

C. Shi Huangdi

D. Brahma

Answer

the birthplace of the concept of yin and yang is
The birthplace of the concept of Yin and Yang is –

A. India

B. Africa

C. China

D. The Arabian Peninsula

Answer

the torii gate is an architectural symbol of which religion
The Torii gate is an architectural symbol of which religion?

A. Confucianism

B. Legalism

C. Shintoism

D. Daoism

Answer

in the shinto religion the emperor of japan is
In the Shinto religion, the Emperor of Japan is –

A. Chosen from among the people

B. A descendant of the sun goddess

C. The tallest Japanese citizen

D. Blond-haired and blue- eyed

Answer

slide227
Confucius believed that social order, harmony, and good government could be restored if society were centered around five basic –

A. Values

B. Golden rules

C. Relationships

D. Social classes

Answer

filial piety is also known as
Filial Piety is also known as –

A. Respect for parents

B. Respect for the emperor

C. Respect for law

D. Respect for government

Answer

the confucian idea of led to the establishment of civil service exams
The Confucian idea of _______ led to the establishment of civil service exams.

A. Heredity rule

B. Rock, scissors, paper

C. Democracy

D. Rule by an educated elite

Answer

the confucian scholar who recorded the teachings of confucius was named
The Confucian scholar who recorded the teachings of Confucius was named –

A. Shi Huangdi

B. Lao Zi

C. Mencius

D. Cleophalencius

Answer

legalism is the belief in
Legalism is the belief in –

A. Strict laws and harsh punishment

B. Filial piety and hereditary rule

C. Natural gods and the Torii gate

D. Rule by the people

Answer

stories that explain the origin of man are known as
Stories that explain the origin of man are known as –

A. The Great Beginning

B. Creationist stories

C. The unknown

D. Artifacts

Answer

monotheism is the belief in god s
Monotheism is the belief in ____ god(s).

A. No

B. Many

C. One

D. Three

Answer

polytheism is the belief in god s
Polytheism is the belief in _____ god(s).

A. No

B. Many

C. One

D. Three

Answer

where would a tribe of polytheistic idol worshippers not likely to be living
Where would a tribe of polytheistic idol worshippers not likely to be living?

A. Northern Russia

B. Australia

C. Africa

D. California

Answer

the gods of various local tribes generally explain
The gods of various local tribes generally explain -

A. Natural Phenomena

B. Animal patterns

C. Seed knowledge

D. Psychophenomena

Answer

buddhism was spread throughout asia through a trade route known as the
Buddhism was spread throughout Asia through a trade route known as the ---

A. Big Road

B. Silk Road

C. Silk Route

D. The Great Path

Answer

the hindu gods brahma vishnu and shiva represent in order
The Hindu Gods Brahma, Vishnu, and Shiva represent --- (in order)

A. Destruction, Creation, and Preservation

B. Creation, Preservation, and Destruction

C. Preservation, Destruction, and Creation

D. Creation, Destruction, and Preservation

Answer

a follower of the islamic faith would be called a
A follower of the Islamic faith would be called a -

A. Buddhist

B. Muslim

C. Christian

D. Hindu

Answer

a tribe of nomadic pastorals would
A tribe of Nomadic Pastorals would–

A. Preach the word of god

B. Lives in villages and raises livestock

C. Move frequently and raise livestock

D. Grow crops

Answer

excerpt 1 samuel p huntington the clash of civilizations foreign affairs summer 1993
Excerpt 1: Samuel P. Huntington, The Clash of Civilizations?, Foreign Affairs, summer 1993.

It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic. The great divisions among humankind and the dominating source of conflict will be cultural. Nation states will remain the most powerful actors in world affairs, but the principal conflicts of global politics will occur between nations and groups of different civilizations. The clash of civilizations will dominate global politics. The fault lines between civilizations will be the battle lines of the future.

A. How does this author’s hypothesis apply to the conflict in the Southwest Asia?

B. Why is there conflict in Southwest Asia?

Answer to yourself

slide242
Excerpt 2: Mohammed gives choices to the leader of a Christian Arab tribe.Believe or else pay tribute (money) …obey the Lord and his Apostle (Mohammed), and he will defend you….But if ye oppose and displease them…I will fight against you and take captive your little ones and slay the elder….

A. What must Christians do to live in Muslim territory but not convert to Islam?

B. What will happen to the Christians if they do not do what Mohammed demands?

Answer to yourself

explain each of the five pillars of islam
Explain each of the Five Pillars of Islam.
  • Pillar 1
  • Pillar 2
  • Pillar 3
  • Pillar 4
  • Pillar 5
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