Baroque. 1600-1750. An Increase in Complexity. In the Renaissance, the Madrigal was the most complex type of composition. Composers begin to feel that there is a better way to represent emotion with music. Recitative. Recitative is half music and half recitation.
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****This was the start of opera****
Recitative: Singing that imitates speech. It is mostly used for plot action, dialogue, and important situations.
Aria: Extended solo that has more musical elaboration and coherence. The vocal part is more melodic, the rhythm is more consistent, and accompaniment usually uses the entire orchestra.
The Baroque period is the first time that instrumental music stands alone without depending on words. Instrumental music came from three sources: Dance, Virtuosity, and Vocal.
Most of the music from the Baroque period that is still heard today is from this period.
Composers from this period include: Bach, Handel, Scarlatti, Vivaldi, Couperin, Rameau, Telemann.
Groups were called upon to play at many venues
Horns: Ceremonial Hunts Trumpets: Battles Orchestras: Balls and entertainment Chamber groups: table music/background
Special “Celebratory” groups were used to pay homage to Kings and Princes