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Oslo, Norway Latitude: 59° 54' 36" N Longitude: / 10° 45' 00" E PowerPoint Presentation
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Oslo, Norway Latitude: 59° 54' 36" N Longitude: / 10° 45' 00" E. Parameters: +/- 10 degrees for 30% of the year Wind from South East (summer) Wind from North (All other seasons) No significant rainfall Response: Winter Block Northern winds

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

Oslo, Norway

Latitude: 59° 54' 36" N Longitude: / 10° 45' 00" E

slide2

Parameters:

+/- 10 degrees for 30% of the year

Wind from South East (summer)

Wind from North (All other seasons)

No significant rainfall

Response:

Winter Block Northern winds

Solar gain from the South

Thermal mass heat gain

Small surface area

Summer Opening from South East for summer winds

No heat gain

No cross ventilation

Spring/ Fall Solar gain from the South

Block winds

Thermal mass

slide3

SIMPLE VOLUME

ACTIVE SKIN

COMPLEX VOLUME

SIMPLE SKIN

Office lower than lab for maximum heat gain (South)

Core blocks summer sun (West)

Glass South façade for both office and lab (heat gain)

Solid North façade to block Northern winds

Height of office shades parking

Cores and Lab block Northern winds

Low offices for heat gain to all areas

Offices face south for maximum heat gain

Thermal mas entry for the lab (facing south)

South open for summer winds and heat gain for parked cars

East Elevation

beijing china

Beijing, China

Latitude: 39° 55' 44" N

Longitude: 116° 23' 18" E

slide5

PARAMETERS

  • LARGE FLUCTUATIONS IN TEMPERATURE THROUGH DIFFERENT SEASONS
  • NO PRIMARY WIND DIRECTION
  • NO SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL
  • HOT, HUMID SUMMER MONTHS
  • DRY, COLD WINTER MONTHS

RESPONSES

  • SUMMER:
  • BLOCK SUNLIGHT FROM ENTERING BUILDING
  • SHADING OF PEDESTRIAN SURFACES
  • UTILIZE STACK VENTILATION TO MOVE AIR THROUGH BUILDING
  • WINTER:
  • HEAT GAIN THROUGH LARGE SUNLIGHTS
  • PLACE CORES TO BLOCK HARSH WIND FROM CIRCULATION
slide6

Complex Structure/Simple Skin

Simple Structure/Active Skin

  • Elevated Research Facility provides natural shading for parking area as well as walkway to entrance
  • Cores placed to block wind and morning sunlight from entry/main space
  • Stacked structures allow for stack ventilation
  • Lowered office spaced allow cooler air to be retained
  • Reflective material prevents heat gain through roof during the day
  • South-facing large glass to increase passive solar gain during winter
  • Overhanging roof blocks direct sun during summer, but allows the rays to penetrate during colder months
  • Double façade acts as a buffer to increase thermal performance against varying conditions
slide7

Radiation

Stack Ventilation

Summer Sun

Winter Sun

slide8

Nairobi, Kenya

Latitude: 1° 16' S Longitude: 36° 48' E

slide9

PARAMETERS:

-WIND FROM East (SUMMER)

-MIX WIND FROM EAST/WEST (ALL OTHER SEASONS)

-NO SIGNIFICANT RAINFALL

RESPONSE:

WINTER -HEAT GAIN THROUGH SUN

-THERMAL MASSING

TO STORE IN DAY/

RELEASE HEAT IN NIGHT

SUMMER -NO HEAT GAIN – SHADING OF SURFACES,

OPENING WALLS FOR CROSS

VENTILATION

-THERMAL MASS VENTILATED AT NIGHT

-COLUMNS FOR CROSS VENTILATION AND

COOLING

SG/FA -NO HEAT GAIN

-THERMAL MASS TO HEAT AT NIGHT

-CROSS VENTILATION

-NATURAL VENTILATION

slide10

SIMPLE VOLUME

ACTIVE SKIN

COMPLEX VOLUME

SIMPLE SKIN

-THICK WALLS FOR THERMAL MASSING ON ALL SIDES

OF FACADE

-OFFICES ON E AND W FOR LITTLE SUN

-REASERCH CENTER RAISED TO PROMOTE X-VENT

-HIGH WINDOWS ON E AND W PRODUCING NATURAL

LIGHT FOR RESEARCH

-MORE HEAT LOSS AT NIGHT PREVENTED BY THICK

WALLS

-OVERHANG PROTECTS SOUTH FAÇADE FROM SUN

-OPPERABLE OPENING WALLS FOR CROSS

VENTILATION

-RAISED WITH COLUMNS FOR PASSIVE COOLING

-THERMAL MASSING FOR OFFICES

-PARKING LOCATED ON NW SIDE UNDER RESEARCH

SHADED

miami climate hot and humid
Miami Climate: Hot and Humid
  • Large Amount of Precipitation
  • High Temperatures
  • Prevailing Winds from the South East.
slide16

PARAMETERS:

+/- 20 DEGREES FOR 75% OF THE YEAR

MAXIMUM TEMPERATURE:98 DEGREES (AUGUST)

MINIMUM TEMPERATURE:37 DEGREES (DECEMBER)

WIND FROM NORTH,SOUTHWEST (SUMMER)

WIND FROM NORTH (ALL OTHER SEASONS)

slide17

MAXIMUM RAINFALL:80mm (DECEMBER)

MINIMUM RAINFALL:6mm (JULY,AUGUST)

RESPONSE:

WINTER HEAT GAIN THROUGH SUN

THERMAL MASS TO STORE /RELEASE HEAT

BLOCK DOMINANT WIND (COLD)

SUMMER NO HEAT GAIN – SHADING OF SURFACES

TREES,OPENINGS

THERMAL MASS VENTILATED ALL DAY CROSS VENTILATION FOR COOLING

SG/FA NO HEAT GAIN

CROSS VENTILATION

ALL SEASONS COOLING ADD DEHUMIDFICATION

simple volume active skin
SIMPLE VOLUMEACTIVE SKIN

DOUBLE FACADE TO EAST AND NORTH ELEVATION

HUNG LOUVERS TO NORTH FACADE PREVENT HEAT GAIN

EXTERNAL SHADING ELEMENT COVERS PARKING

THE OVERHANG AND THE TREES PREVENT THE SUMMER SUN

slide19

COMPLEX VOLUME

SIMPLE SKIN

OVAL SHAPE OF THE BUILDIND:PREVENTION FROM WINTER WIND

OPENINGS ON THE TOP AND THE BOTTOM FOR CROSS VENTILATION

THE OVERHANG BLOCKS THE SUMMER SUN

slide26

Darwin, Australia

Latitude: 12° 25’ 48” S

Longitude: 130° 51’ 00” E

Monsoonal Tropical Climate

slide27

Climatic Settings

About Darwin, Australia

Abundance Amount of Rainfall

High and Humid Temperatures

slide29

Climatic Settings

N

E

W

S

W

S

E

N

Solar Path on December 21, 2011

Solar Path on June 21, 2011

slide30

Complex Volume, Simple Skin

Research Space

Office

slide33

PARAMETERS:

- TEMPERATURE - DEC – MAR ARE WITHIN COMFORT ZONE, BUT APR - NOV ARE BELOW COMFORT ZONE (AROUND 10 DEGREES F BELOW)

- WIND VELOCITY - ALL MONTHS ARE BELOW 10MPH EXCEPT FEB.

- WIND MOSTLY FROM SE ALL YEAR ROUND

- HUMIDITY - HIGH HUMIDITY ALL YEAR ROUND (OVER 70%) MOSTLY FROM SE, (MIGHT'VE BEEN CARRIED FROM THE OCEAN AND THE WIND)

  • RESPONSE:
  • WINTER: THERMAL MASS
  • INTERNAL HEAT GAIN
  • SUMMER: SUN SHADING OF WINDOWS.
  • NATURAL VENTILATION COOLING.
  • SG/FA: NO WIND PROTECTING FOR OUTDOOR SPACES
slide36

BUILDING IS POSITION ON SITE TO RECEIVE ALL NW AND SE WINDS FOR CROSS VENTILATION.

  • A SEPERATED FLAT AND SLOPED ROOF FOR CROSS VENTILATION
  • REDUCING SOLAR GAIN.
  • INTERIOR/ EXTERIOR POOL FOR AIR CIRCULATION/ NATURAL AIR COOLENT
  • NW WALL IS THICK FOR THERMAL MASS TO BLOCK OUT HEAT DURING THE DAY AND RELEASE HEAT AT NIGHT.
  • SHADED AREA FOR PARKING
slide37

OFFICES

RESEARCH

CORES

PARKING

slide38

Bangor, Maine

  • Latitude: 44.8° N
  • Longitude: 8.9° W
factors
Factors
  • Cold Wind During Most Months
  • Low Temperatures
  • Snow fall
response
Response
  • Thermal Mass
  • Windows Facing The Sun For Solar Gain
  • Large Surface Area to Assist With Solar Gain
  • Masonry walls for Thermal Mass
  • High Pitched Roofs To Protect From Snow/Rain
sun angle
Sun Angle

July Noon Sun Angle 44

February Noon Sun Angle 8