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Choosing and Narrowing a Topic to Write About (for Research Papers). Mr. Chu Research Seminar. Research is Never a Waste of Time, But Always Make Good Use of Your Time Research is an act of discovery. Introduction. Choosing a Specific Topic in Three Steps
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Example:something about organic matter
Example: compost and soil
Example: soil nutrients released by organic matter decompositionChoosing a Topic
Repeat these three steps three or more times to give yourself a few examples of topics to choose from.
1) Make one or two more words more specific.
In this case, we replaced the words "soil nutrients" with nitrogen and replaced "organic matter" with food waste to make the topic we wish to write about as precise and as specific as possible.
Example:soil nutrientsnitrogen released by organic matterthe decomposition of food waste
2) OK, we've added a few words to make the topic more specific. Now turn the topic into a complete sentence that actually makes a statement.
Example: The forms of nitrogen released by the decomposition of food waste is poorly understood.
3) Make the sentence as precise and arguable as possible.
If you compare the following example with the previous step, you might notice how the context of decomposition moves from just a generalized process of decomposition to a particular process that involves household waste. In addition, this example makes a firm statement that can be argued and supported.
Example: The amount and value of plant-available nitrogen released by decomposition of household food waste is not well understood because most home composters do not have the tools to measure soil nutrients.Narrowing Down Your Topic
first person shooter games and their effect on the ability of adolescents to learn how to socialize with their peers
STEP 5: write a complete sentence - The effect of first person shooter games affects the ability of adolescents to learn positive social behaviors.
STEP 6: write a complete (and arguable) sentence
When played in peer groups, first person shoot video games significantly influence the ability of adolescents to develop and enhance positive group social behavior.OVERVIEW: 6 STEPS