Introduction to Settlement Studies. You will need to know:. Physical factors affecting site and situation Change and growth of settlements over time Functions How size is linked to population, services and sphere of influence Land use patterns and zones within cities
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Copy the checklist into your jotter
We will be using CASE STUDIES and OS MAPWORK
Site and Situation
A settlement is a group of buildings where people live. They range in size from a hamlet (just one building), to a village, to cities and even conurbations (2 cities joined together)!
Historically the location of a settlement would be carefully chosen for various reasons. These are called location factors.
The site of a settlement is the original point at where it first started.
The situation of a settlement is a description of it’s location in reference to what is close by or surrounding it.
Copy the definition for SITE and SITUATION
Historically many location factors were taken into consideration before deciding on a site:
Read Wider World Foundations p.16 & 17
Edinburgh Castle is the original site of Edinburgh. Why do you think this location was chosen?
Think of other towns or cities that you know. Why was the site chosen?
Answer the following questions in your jotter:
Or Urban (towns, cities, conurbations)
Although early settlements were influenced by location factors, today the growth and development of settlements is linked to transport routes and land availability.
Read p.18 & 19 of Wider World Foundations.
People go to settlement to use the services like shops, banks, office, entertainment facilities and so on. These are called the functions of a settlement e.g. a function describes the purpose of the settlement.
Port, education, entertainment, tourism, administration, industrial, capital city etc.
Normally the bigger the settlement the more functions it has.
Complete Activities 1 and 2 from the worksheet on Settlement Functions.