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Urinary System. Quick Review. Tell your neighbor your favorite movie Tell your neighbor what you would do with 1,000,000 dollars! Turn to your neighbor and tell him/her the four major parts of the urinary system. Problems of the Urinary System.

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Presentation Transcript
quick review
Quick Review
  • Tell your neighbor your favorite movie
  • Tell your neighbor what you would do with 1,000,000 dollars!
  • Turn to your neighbor and tell him/her the four major parts of the urinary system
problems of the urinary system
Problems of the Urinary System
  • 1. Cystitis – inflammation of the bladder caused by a bacterial infection
  • 2. Urethritis- inflammation of the urethra caused by bacterial infection.
    • Important – if you experience a burning pain during urination, increased urination, or blood in urine, you need to see a doctor ASAP! You may have these disorders!
kidney problems
Kidney Problems
  • 1. Nephritis – inflammation of nephrons in kidneys.
    • This leads to a changed amount of urine produced.
  • 2. Kidney Stones – formed when salts in the urine crystallize into solid stones
    • If the stone moves into the ureter, it causes immense pain
    • Smaller stones may pass, but stones larger than 1 cm have to be broken down using shock waves
    • Sometimes, surgery is required
kidney failure
Kidney Failure
  • 1. Sometimes, our kidneys do not function
  • 2. This can be caused by infection, decreased blood flow, or diseases that damage kidney tissue
  • 3. So…what do we do? How do we treat it?
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4. We can use hemodialysis – an artificial kidney machine removes waste products from the blood
    • Takes 3-5 hrs and is done 3-4 times per week
    • YouTube - Hemodialysis machine
  • 5. We can also have a kidney transplant
    • Basically, an organ donor gives a healthy kidney to someone in need
how do i keep the urinary system healthy
How do I keep the urinary system healthy?
  • Drink at least 8 glasses of water a day
  • Limit your intake of caffeine and soft drinks
  • This can increase water loss through urine, thus dehydrating your body
  • Take more showers than baths
    • Eliminates the risk of infections due to contaminated water
be proactive
Be Proactive!!!
  • 1. If you experience pain, burning, or blood during urination, you need to tell a doctor AS SOON AS POSSIBLE!!!
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