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UNIT 5. Middle East Part 2. Table of Contents. Table of Contents. Christianity. Judaism. Islam. Which religion found its roots in the Middle East? Are these Religions Monotheistic or Polytheistic? Are there a lot of similarities between them?. Middle East Religion Vocabulary.

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Unit 5


Middle East

Part 2

Table of contents
Table of Contents

Table of Contents




  • Which religion found its roots in the Middle East?

  • Are these Religions Monotheistic or Polytheistic?

  • Are there a lot of similarities between them?

Middle east religion vocabulary
Middle East Religion Vocabulary

List these words onto Pg. 19 in your notebook. You will define them over the next few days.

  • Muslim Islam Allah Qu’ran (Koran)

  • Jews Mecca(Mekka) Judaism Torah

  • Abraham Jerusalem Bible Christian

  • Christianity Jesus temple church

  • monotheistic polytheistic mosque Theocracy

Monotheistic polytheistic theocracy

Belief in one god.

Belief in many gods

Government lead by religious leaders. This person or people run the nation according to their religious beliefs.

Where did judaism begin
Where did Judaism begin?

It began about 4,000 years ago in the country we call Israel today.

What do jews believe
What do Jews believe?

Judaism doesn’t really have a long list of things you should believe in. They focus more on how you should act.

All Jews there is a single God who not only created the universe, but with whom every Jew can have an individual and personal relationship.

What is kosher food
What is Kosher food?

Kosher foods are those that conform to Jewish law.

If Jews eat meat, the animal from which the meat is taken must have been slaughtered in accordance with prescribed Jewish ritual.

What are some foods jews don t eat
What are some foods Jews don’t eat?

Jews cannot eat meat from any animal which does not both chew its cud (food brought up into the mouth by an animal from its first stomach to be chewed again) and has a split hoof; animals such as rabbit or hare, pig, horse, dog or cat are therefore prohibited.

They may not mix meat and dairy products. Meat and dairy products must not be cooked or eaten using the same utensils.

Jews may not eat shell fish.

Where do jews worship
Where do Jews worship?

Jews worship in buildings called synagogues.

Men and women usually sit in separate sections in a synagogue.

Men wear a covering on their heads called a yarmulke or a kippah.

How do jews treat the torah
How do Jews treat the Torah?

The Torah is stored inside the Ark (a special chest).

No one is allowed to touch the Torah, so a special pointer called a yad is used to follow words when reading it.

What is the symbol of judaism
What is the symbol of Judaism?

The symbol or emblem of the Jewish people is the Magen David (Shield of David), also known as the Star of David.

What is a bar mitzvah and a bat mitzvah
What is a bar mitzvah and a bat mitzvah?

They are both special ceremonies where Jewish boys (aged 13) and girls (aged 12) can become adults in the eyes of the Jewish religion.

Bar mitzvah is for boys and means Son of the Commandment.

Bat mitzvah is for girls and means Daughter of the Commandment.


Christianity is the world's biggest religion, with about 2.2 billion followers worldwide. It is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ who lived in the Holy Land 2,000 years ago.

The basics
The Basics:

Place of Origin - Israel

Founder - Jesus of Nazareth

Sacred Text - The Bible - Old and New Testaments

Sacred Building - Church, Chapel, Cathedral

Holy places
Holy Places

Holy Places - Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Nazareth, Lourdes (a popular place of pilgrimage), Rome, Canterbury

Jesus christ
Jesus Christ

What other names is Jesus known by?

Son of God

Light of the World

Lamb of God

The Good Shepherd

Who is Jesus Christ?Jesus Christ is the Son of God. He came to earth to teach about love and fellowship. He represents the person that all Christians must strive to be.

Jesus was a Jew who was born about 2000 years ago in Bethlehem. Jesus lived for 33 years before being crucified by the Romans.

Who are christians
Who are Christians?

Christians are people who believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God, and who follow his teachings and those of the Christian churches that grew up after his death.

Christians get their name from Jesus Christ who is God's son.

Basic beliefs
Basic Beliefs

  • Christians believe that there is only one God, but that this one God consists of 3 "persons"

    • God the Father

    • God the Son

    • The Holy Spirit

  • Christians believe that God made the world.

Holy book
Holy Book

The Bible is the Christian holy book. It is divided into the Old and New Testaments. Parts of the writing contained in the Old Testament are also sacred to Jewish and Muslim people.


The cross is the main symbol. It reminds Christians that Jesus died on the cross to save them.

The dove is the symbol of the

holy spirit and peace.

The fish symbol was created using the Greek letters which spell out ICHTHUS : Jesus Christ God's Son Savior. This was used by Christians who were persecuted by Romans.

What are the 10 commandments
What are the 10 Commandments?

-From the Holy Bible, King James version. Exodus 20:3-18 (abridged)

1. Thou shall have no other gods before me

2. Thou shall not make unto thee any graven image

3. Thou shall not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain

4. Remember the Sabbath day and keep it holy

5. Honor thy father and thy mother

6. Thou shall not kill

7. Thou shall not commit adultery

8. Thou shall not steal

9. Thou shall not bear false witness against thy neighbor

10. Thou shall not covet any thing that is thy neighbor's



Myths and Reality



The religion is called ISLAM.

The people are MUSLIMS.


Myth 1 most muslims are arabs who live in the middle east

Myth #1:Most Muslims are Arabs who live in the Middle East.


Reality of more than 1 billion muslims worldwide only about 1 5 are arabs


Of more than 1 billion Muslims worldwide, only about 1/5 are Arabs.


Myth 2 muslims have a strange religion and worship a god called allah

Myth #2:Muslims have a strange religion and worship a god called Allah.


Reality muslims are monotheistic and worship the same one god as christians and jews


Muslims are monotheistic and worship the same one God as Christians and Jews.



‘Allah’ is the Arabic word for ‘God.’


Myth 3

Myth #3:

Muslims believe it is o.k. to kill civilians in a holy war (“jihad”).




Only Muslim extremists believe it is ok to kill civilians. There are many Muslims who are peaceful.


Myth 4

Myth #4:

Most Muslim women wear veils over their faces and are treated very badly.



Muslim women have many different styles of dress. (Very few cultures require women to cover their faces.)

The treatment of women varies from country to country and family to family.

Some Muslim countries, like Pakistan, have had female prime ministers. The U.S. has never had a female president.


Iranian woman
Iranian woman

Green Cine.com


Malaysian left indian bangladeshi right
Malaysian (left); Indian/Bangladeshi (right)

Shariah TV website


Afghan women wearing burqas
Afghan women wearing burqas

International Medical Corps photo


In mecca during the pilgrimage
In Mecca during the pilgrimage



Mosque in medina saudi arabia
Mosque in Medina, Saudi Arabia



Mohammed ali mosque cairo egypt
Mohammed Ali mosque, Cairo, Egypt



Blue mosque sultan ahmet mosque istanbul turkey
Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque), Istanbul Turkey



Mosque in djenne mali west africa
Mosque in Djenne, Mali (West Africa)



Indonesian mosque
Indonesian mosque



Islamic architecture in spain
Islamic architecture in Spain



Mosque in tempe arizona
Mosque in Tempe, Arizona





Look at the Similarities and differences. What might cause conflict among people practicing these religions?

Ideas/Beliefs Political/ Resources