Peacebuilding Fund Update. November 2013. 2013: An increased focus on assisting country programme design. For 2013, the PBF focused on a more proactive approach to aiding the design of country programmes for financing. This includes
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The PBF programme team benefits from assistance from UNHCR
All PBF countries now have a programme officer and an M&E support officer
Increased field missions offering direct support for development of Theories of Change and Results Frameworks (Kyrgyzstan, Yemen, Guatemala)
Organization of first regional workshop and of another revision of Guidelines
Quality assurance on periodic reporting on results (i.e. new Joint Steering Committee Annual Reports, feedback on project-level 6 monthly reports)
Management and co-management of PRF and IRF evaluations, respectively
Collaboration with Policy Branch on PBF-related thematic reviews
Oversight of global PBF 2013 Review
The M&E unit benefits from assistance from Australia and UNDP
Global 2013 PBF Review report (January 2014). Analysis and recommendations from the six-month independent investigation into PBF’s achievements and challenges as against its 2010-2013 Business Plan, including the functioning of country-based systems.
Secretary General’s Report on the Peacebuilding Fund (March 2014). A country-by-country annual examination of PBF’s investments and results.
Multi-Partner Trust Fund Office’s Report on the PBF (May 2014). Financial and results reporting according to PBF thematic areas, with special attention to RUNO lessons learned and achievements.
Stakeholders meeting and presentation of next Business Plan (June 2014). Based on the 2013 Review, development of next three-year Business Plan. The Stakeholders Meeting will be timed during the same week as PBC event.
Beginning in 2014, the PBF M&E Unit will manage all evaluations of PRF portfolios to ensure quality, timeliness, and a specific substantive focus on assessing the higher-level peacebuilding contribution of the Fund’s investments.
Completed evaluations by end of 2013:
2010 (2): Burundi, Liberia
2011 (6): TheComoros,Guinea-Bissau, Nepal,Sierra-Leone, Sri Lanka, Timor Leste
2012 (4): Kyrgyzstan, Central African Republic, Guinea, Uganda,
2013 (4): Burundi, DRC, Lebanon, Liberia
** = Declared Eligible by the Secretary-General
Two strategies in 2013:
First: Address political crisis around legislative elections
Total amount $5.5 million using both IRF and PRF
Electoral support through dialogue, election monitoring, support to the mediator (SRSG Djinnit) , political dialogue, youth employment)
Second: Organize phase 2 of Priority Plan 2013 – 2015
Total amount requested $15.3 million
Areas of work include: political dialogue (central, community), national reconciliation, women & youth employment, parliamentary support.
Core strategy for 2013: developing phase 2 of Priority Plan 2013 – 2015
$15m approved in September, 2013
Centered on supporting the National Roadmap for Reconciliation: land commission, national human rights commission, “palaya” huts, national youth programme extension, national resource management in collaboration with the World Bank, women’s economic empowerment
Positioning of Joint Steering Committee and Priority Plan more closely aligned with the Government’s Agenda for Transformation (overall national plan)
Kyrgyzstan – $15m Priority Plan approved in September focusing on:
a) the rule of law and human rights promotion; b) improving local governanace capacity to manage conflict and reduce tensions in collaboration with civil society and community efforts; c) promotion of policies to deal with ethnic relations, national unity and language policy.
JSC established in early 2013 co-chaired by the Presidents Office and UNRC and comprising of members of the UN team, government, donors, Civil society. JSC supported the process of preparing conflict analysis, priority plan.
Individual projects expected to be approved by the JSC before the end of the year.
Mali – Strategic focus: helping quickly
Cantonment project in Kidal expected before the end of the year (IRF $3m)
Working closely with MINUSMA – through them government has officially expressed interest in being eligible for PBF
PBSO has been organizing meetings across UN system to have coordinated approach with MINUSMA on peacebuilding
Approval of 2 IRF’s in support of national dialogue (participation of women and youth, and focus on the south).
Eligibility declared in February 2013; Joint Steering Committee established, chaired by the Prime Minister
Priority Plan under development in areas of political dialogue, transitional justice, local governance and local peace dividends
Niger – Strategic focus: supporting Government’s peace consolidation plan
Eligibility requested formally in November, 2013
$3m IRF programme for youth engagement in border areas started
Possible follow-up issues: strengthening security sector, youth employment, women’s empowerment, extractive industries
South Sudan – Strategic focus: UNMISS Peacebuilding Support Plan
$10m PRF approved February 2013
Decentralized youth engagement & peace dividends (water access)
2013 Country Highlights (3)
Burundi has developed a new Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), which integrates peacebuilding issues, particularly in governance pillar.
Following on the October 2012 Conference organized in Switzerland in collaboration with the PBC, the Fund aims to build momentum for issues aligned to the PRSP.
A Priority Plan has been drafted; conflict analysis is being discussed by the Burundi government and the UN, prior to PBSO submission. The approach was agreed also by the PBC. Expected areas of support are: social cohesion/national dialogue, youth participation, human rights, and resolution of land disputes.
Meanwhile, 2013 results of the closing year of the 2nd Priority Plan (2011-2013) include: strengthening of government's capacity to coordinate and plan activities in the area of reintegration; reduction of tensions and increase of social cohesion; peaceful resolution of 305 land conflicts; access to revenue for 540 vulnerable persons through community work; finalization of construction of 202 houses for reintegration; equipment of 3 youth centers; training of returnees and ex-combatants in entrepreneurship.
2013 Country Highlights (4)
Myanmar – strategic focus: helping UN respond to rapidly evolving peace processes
Myanmar declared eligible in mid-2013
In 2013, peace dividends in south-east ($1.6m) and support for Myanmar Peace Centre ($0.5m); another peace dividends project in southern Shan State under development
Collaboration with the World Bank on a small grants facility to accompany the Joint Peacebuilding Needs Assessment
Sierra Leone – strategic focus: maintaining UN peacebuilding focus as UNIPSIL transitions to a UN Country Team with PBC accompaniment
Package of IRF proposals being supported: conflict prevention; security sector reform; constitutional review; human rights
CAR – strategic focus: use IRF to support BINUCA efforts so facilitate exit from crisis
PBF suspended all programmes in April 2013.
In September 2013 – in collaboration with PBC and, on the ground, with EU – agreed to support civilian police / gendarmerie re-start
In November 2013 – agreed to explore support human rights work through OHCHR
Guinea Bissau – strategic focus: use IRF to support UNIOGBIS efforts to advance the transition
Agreed to $5m package of IRFs to assist transition, including:
support high level planning commission, joint with DPA; political dialogue, fight against drug trafficking, women’s programme, symbolic (catalytic) elections support
The full (suspended) PRF portfolio postponed after elections take place
ASG Cheng-Hopkins and PBC Config Chair to visit in early 2014
Papua New Guinea – Strategic focus: peacebuilding activities in the Autonomous Region of Bougainville as it prepares for its referendum on possible independence (due between 2015 and 2020).
Eligibility declared in mid-2013
Possible areas of support include : youth issues, referendum process, women’s participation, arms disposal, peace process management capacity, relationship between national and autonomous authorities, and rule of law/transitional justice.
Joint Steering Committee will include Bougainville and national government
Conflict analysis being undertaken in collaboration with InterPeace
Bosnia and Herzegovina – Strategic focus: building on Presidential initiative to counter concerning trends on ethnic relations
Support for Presidentially endorsed dialogue platform
Support for media / cultural initiatives and outreach into youth and education environments to create space for discussion of ethnic relations
Specific efforts to collaborate with the World Bank/ AfDB
Liberia – The PBF is working with the World Bank to undertake a study on natural resource management that may lead into future funding.
Myanmar - The PBF is working with the World Bank to design a small grants facility to accompany the Joint Peacebuilding Needs Assessment
Somalia – PBSO mission (Nov 2013) to Somalia meeting with AfDB and the World Bank to review how conflict-related financing instruments can best be aligned
Central African Republic – Discussion of how conflict analysis / needs assessment can be jointly undertaken
Colombia – IRF proposal for peace campaign under preparation
Cote d’Ivoire – Expression of interest for a second phase of PBF support. Positive response relying on findings of the evaluation (first phase)
Somalia – Eligibility request likely; support to UNSOM for newly recovered areas, including governance, youth engagement, dialogue, peace dividends
Democratic Republic of Congo – 2009 grant was evaluated in 2013; possible 2nd grant in 2014, focused on 2nd generation ISSSS and ‘Islands of Stability’ approach
In addition to actions that follow directly on the country highlights listed in the previous slides, some additional activities foreseen in 2014 include: