Witchcraft in Preliterate Societies. Functions as a common and socially accepted way of managing tension resolving social conflict leveling disparities in wealth and status explaining the otherwise unexplainable. Saul and the Witch of Endor Cornelisz Jacob van Oostsanen (1470-1533).
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Functions as a common and socially accepted way of
Cornelisz Jacob van Oostsanen (1470-1533)
Jacob CORNELISZ VAN OOSTSANEN
William Blake (1757-1827)
Apparition of the Spirit of Samuel to SaulSalvator Rosa (1615-1673)
was part of the Church’s efforts to stamp out heterodoxy and heresy
Christians no longer persecuted
380 – general decree against heretics
It is our will that all the peoples who are ruled by the administration of Our Clemency shall practice that religion which the divine Peter the Apostle transmitted to the Romans…
Theodosian Code, XVI, 1, 2
We command that those persons who follow this rule shall embrace the name of Catholic Christians. The rest, however, whom We adjudge demented and insane, shall sustain the infamy of heretical dogmas, their meeting places shall not receive the name of churches, and they shall be smitten first by divine vengeance and secondly by the retribution of Our own initiative, which We shall assume in accordance with the divine judgment.
Theodosian Code, XVI, 1, 2
(250 or 256 – 336)
For easy women…
And cult leaders!
December 4, 1978
Cynthya Jensen, Ph.D.
March 21, 2013
Figurine of Astarte with a
Connected with fertility, sexuality and war. Known as Aphrodite and Artemis in Greece. Venus to the Romans and Ashteroth in the Hebrew Bible.
Her symbol is the crescent moon, which is depicted in this picture and is used as a symbol in today’s Wicca.
Old Babylonian period “Ishtar, Queen of Night” relief.
The Greek goddess Hekate
Statue of Freedom
Sits on top of the Capital Building in Washington, D.C.
Statue of Liberty
Welcomes Immigrants to the United States
Sacred Image of American Power
Painting of Jesus’ mother Mary.
Mary, the mother always depicted in blue.
Painting of Mary Magdalene.
Mary Magdalene always depicted in red.
Gerald Brosseau Gardner
(13 June 1884 – 12 Feb 1964)
The pentacle, depicts a pentagram, or five-pointed star, used as a symbol of Wicca.
Imbolc – “Candlemas”
Beltaine – “May Eve”
Lughnasadh – “Lammas”
Samhain – “Halloween”
Yuletide – “Christmas”
Ostara – “Easter”
Litha – “Summer Solstice”
Mabon – “Autumn Equinox”
Native American Female Shaman, Circa 1880