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Successful water efficiency programs for non-residential water customers. Judy Adler, P.E. Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P 2 AD). Today’s Discussion. Georgia Water Supply Issues Who is P 2 AD? Water Efficiency Benefits Ways to Encourage Water Efficiency

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Successful water efficiency programs for non-residential water customers

  • Judy Adler, P.E.
  • Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD)
today s discussion
Today’s Discussion
  • Georgia Water Supply Issues
  • Who is P2AD?
  • Water Efficiency Benefits
  • Ways to Encourage Water Efficiency
  • Steps to Develop a Successful Water Efficiency Program
  • Water Efficiency Success Stories

Dry2k: The drought in Georgia

  • Georgia is facing its fourth consecutive year of drought
  • Georgia’s population has grown to over eight million
  • Predicted growth of 1.3 million people every decade
  • Chattahoochee/Lake Lanier will not supply growth after 2030 without reduced demand or additional water supplies
ici definitions
ICI Definitions
  • Industrial
    • manufacturers or processors of materials
    • e.g. textile, pulp and paper, metal finishing
  • Commercial
    • provide or distribute a product or service
    • e.g. hotels, restaurants, office buildings
  • Institutions
    • dedication to public service (regardless of public/private ownership)
    • e.g. schools, churches, hospitals, government facilities (including water and wastewater utilities)

What is P2AD ?

  • A non-regulatory division of the Georgia Department of Natural Resources
  • P2AD provides confidential, free assistance to clients who want to reduce resource usage, waste, and emissions.
  • These services are available to all Georgia manufacturers, commercial businesses, institutions, and farmers

P2AD Water/Wastewater Services

  • Water audits
  • On-site wastewater pollution prevention and water efficiency assessments
  • Facilitation of water efficiency/waste reduction teams
  • Information center
  • Workshops and onsite training
  • Recognition programs

Georgia Environmental Partnership

  • Pollution Prevention Assistance Division (P2AD)
  • Department of Biological and Agricultural Engineering (BAE), University of Georgia
  • Economic Development Institute (EDI), Georgia Tech

Water Management Hierarchy

Don’t put all your efforts on the backend!


Water Reuse

Wastewater Treatment/Water Supply and Treatment

Water Management Hierarchy

Water Conservation/ Water Pollution Prevention

Increasing Cost

benefits of water efficiency programs to industrial commercial and institutional facilities
Benefits of Water Efficiency Programs to Industrial, Commercial, and Institutional Facilities
  • Water and sewer cost savings
  • Wastewater treatment savings
  • Energy cost savings
  • Improved product competitiveness
  • Easement of regulatory burdens
  • Reduced environmental impact
  • Enhanced company image



Benefits of Water Efficiency Programs to Water and Wastewater Utilities

  • Increase the life of existing raw water supplies
  • Minimize the impact of drought
  • Postpone water and sewer infrastructure development
  • Water and wastewater treatment operations savings
    • energy savings
    • chemical savings
    • sludge handling savings


how can water wastewater utilities encourage their non residential customers to conserve water
How can water & wastewater utilities encourage their non-residential customers to conserve water?
  • Educate ICI customers about economic and environmental benefits of conservation
    • one-on-one conversations
    • brochures, bill stuffers, fact sheets
  • Encourage conservation through pretreatment programs
  • Mass-based vs. concentration-based effluent limits
  • Refer ICI customers to P2AD for free, confidential assistance
  • Practice what you preach!

Steps for a Successful Water Efficiency Program

  • Step 1 – Establish commitment and goals
  • Step 2 – Line up support and resources
  • Step 3 – Conduct water audit
  • Step 4 – Identify and prioritize water management options
  • Step 5 – Prepare a plan and implementation schedule
  • Step 6 – Track results and publicize success
  • Step 7 – Periodically review and revise program

Assistance Resources

  • P2AD & Georgia Environmental Partnership
  • Water and Wastewater Utilities
    • communicate water conservation efforts
    • consider water conservation effects on wastewater pollutant concentrations
  • Internet
    • Waterwiser
    • Water Efficiency Manual
    • P2AD

Concentration vs. Mass Based Limits

Actual Flow

1000 gals/day

Flow Limit

BOD Limit


Actual BOD

water audit







Process Uses













Water Audit
  • Collect background information
  • Walk-through survey
  • Water balance
  • Determine true cost of water
    • water and sewer bills
    • energy for heating water and pumping
    • wastewater treatment costs
    • water treatment costs
energy policy act
Energy Policy Act
  • Effective January 1, 1994
  • Water efficiency plumbing standards
  • 5% water savings nationwide by 2010
  • 8% water savings nationwide by 2020
brainstorm and prioritize water efficiency measures
Brainstorm and Prioritize Water Efficiency Measures

Common Efficiency Measures

  • Recycle process water
  • Use domestic water efficiency techniques
  • Change operation practices
  • Adjust cooling tower blowdown
  • Repair leaks
  • Install high pressure, low flow/automatic shut-off spray nozzles
  • Turn off equipment when not in use
  • Water efficient landscaping/irrigation
Track Results and Publicize Success
  • Internal
    • use bulletin boards , e-mails, and newsletters to post progress reports
    • reward employees
  • External – apply for P2AD’s recognition programs:
    • Pollution Prevention Partners
    • Annual Governor’s Award

Periodically Review Program and Revise Plan & Goals


Water Efficiency Success Stories

  • Hyatt Regency
  • Atlanta, GA
  • low-flow showerheads
  • faucet aerators
  • infrared sensors on faucets
  • gray water (laundry) filtration and reuse for landscaping
  • 13,663,000 gallons per year reduction
  • $50,416 annual savings

Water Efficiency Success Stories

  • Clayton County Water Authority
  • Jonesboro, GA
  • Water audit at three water reclamation facilities
  • Saved 180,000 gallons/month at Shoal Creek WRF by converting chlorinator and washdown water to reclaimed water instead of potable water
  • Saved 650,000 gallons/month at Northeast WRF by using reclaimed water for polymer mix and sludge press belt wash
  • Saved 1,300,000 gallons/month at W.B. Casey WRF by converting chlorinators to reuse water and changing water seal pumps to mechanical seals
  • Reclaimed water for irrigation

Water Efficiency Success Stories

  • Southwire Company
  • Carrollton, GA
  • Management commitment: “I want every Southwire facility to develop and implement a long-term action plan for water management with annual targets for improvement” – Roy Richards, CEO
  • Seven-step water efficiency program
  • Reduced filter backwash, cooling blowdown
  • Water usage reduction of 40,000,000 gallons in 2000 compared to 1999
  • P3 Partner, 1998 Governor’s Award
water efficiency success stories
Water Efficiency Success Stories

Unilever Home & Personal Care

Cartersville, GA

  • water conservation task force
  • reuse non-contact cooling water and collected rainwater in manufacturing processes
  • 77% reduction in effluent volume
  • $20,000/year in potable water savings
  • $85,000/year in savings for testing, maintenance, and labor fees
  • P3 Partner, 2000 P2AD Governor’s Award Winner, and 2000 & 2001 GW&PCA Award Winner

Water Efficiency Success Stories

  • SI Corporation-Chickamauga, GA
  • SIERRA Team
  • Closed loop recovery/reuse of cooling water
  • RO filtration and reuse of wastewater from loom washing
  • $1,456,920 in water and sewer savings
  • Capital cost avoidance for expansion of City of Chickamauga water treatment plant expansion
  • P3 Partner, 2000 P2AD Governor’s Award Winner, 1998 & 1999 GW&PCA Award Winner

Water Efficiency Success Stories

  • Golden State Foods
  • Conyers, GA
  • Set up waste reduction/water conservation team
  • Employee participation by connecting water conservation to individual employee evaluation process
  • Reduced flow to wastewater pretreatment plant by 2.7 million gallons in 1998
  • Saved $19,000/year in purchased water costs
  • Saved $25,000/year in wastewater pretreatment costs
  • P3 Partner and 1999 Governor’s Award Winner