U.S. / Dakota Relations Pre Contact to Mass Execution. Pre Contact Fur Trade Treaty of Traverse des Sioux Annuities U.S./Dakota War Mass Execution. Who is this guy and why is he talking to me?. Ben Leonard, Director of NCHS Euro-American from NC BA, MA in History 4 ½ years with MHS
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Today we will make certain assumptions and assertions based on historical evidence. What we cannot do is lump all individuals together.
“Peace is implied by the very name of the people, Odakota, a state or condition of peace…We Dakotas love peace within our borders. Peace-making is our heritage…Even as children we settle our little fights through Kinship that we might live in Odakota.” ~ Ella Deloria, Speaking of Indians
"The Indians are all prepared to make a treaty when we tell them to do so, and such a one as I may dictate.”
~ Henry Sibley to P. Chouteau Jr. and Company, November 3, 1850
$305 K to be paid “to the Chiefs of said bands, to enable them to comply with their present just engagements”
As each chief signed the treaty, they were directed “pulled by the blanket” to another barrel to sign what many assumed was another copy of the treaty (Folwell)
$210,000 was divided up by the various traders (including Sibley, who received over $66K, JB Faribault $22.5K, Bailly & Dousman, $15K)
“I have discovered numerous violations of law and many frauds committed by past agents and a superintendent.” ~ George Day to Abraham Lincoln, January 1, 1862
“The Indian Traders and Indian Speculators had three great seasons of harvest.” ~ George A.S. Crooker to Abraham Lincoln, October 7, 1862
“Tell our friends that we are being removed from this world over the same path they must shortly travel. We go first, but many of our friends may follow us in a short time. I expect to go directly to the abode of the Great Spirit and to be happy when I get there; but we are told that the road is long and the distance great…” ~ Tazoo