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FLASHPOINTS OF LOGICAL ARGUMENT!. Rachel, Brianna, Lauren, Allie, Jessie, Stephanie, JT, Chris, Raul, Mike, Greg. Hasty Generalization. Inference drawn from insufficient evidence Stereotyping Ex: Because my Honda broke down, all Hondas must be junk. Faulty Causality.

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flashpoints of logical argument

FLASHPOINTS OF LOGICAL ARGUMENT!

Rachel, Brianna, Lauren, Allie, Jessie, Stephanie, JT, Chris, Raul, Mike, Greg

hasty generalization
Hasty Generalization
  • Inference drawn from insufficient evidence
          • Stereotyping
        • Ex: Because my Honda broke down, all Hondas must be junk
faulty causality
Faulty Causality
  • Fallacious assumption that because one event or action follows another, the first necessarily causes the second
        • Ex: A writer sued Coors, claiming that drinking copious amounts of the company’s beer had kept him from writing a novel
        • Ex: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MTbZoKEOkUg
begging the question
Begging the Question
  • Claims cannot be accepted as true because their grounds are in doubt
        • Ex: You can’t give me “C” in this course; I’m an “A” student
equivocation
Equivocation
  • Argument that gives a lie an honest appearance; a half-truth
        • Ex: The plagiarist who copies a paper word for word from a source and then declares “I wrote the entire paper myself”
non sequitur
Non Sequitur
  • Claims, reasons, or warrants fail to connect logically; one point doesn’t follow from another
        • Ex: You don’t love me or you’d buy me that bicycle!
        • Ex: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zODHaIDfPXU
the straw man
The Straw Man
  • Attacking an argument that isn’t really there, one that’s much weaker or more extreme than the one the opponent is actually making
        • Ex: Those arguing against intelligent design may say that intelligent design advocates claim that life was created by some white-haired figure in the sky, while those arguing against evolution sometimes say that evolutionists claim that evolution is all random chance, so the human eye just came into existence randomly
        • Ex: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v5vzCmURh7o&feature=fvwrel (2:26 start)
faulty analogy
Faulty Analogy
  • Extended comparisons; analogies
        • Ex: The universe is like an intricate watch. A watch must have been designed by a watchmaker. Therefore, the universe must have been designed by some kind of creator
        • Ex: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tzbZ14KHAoI