Haiku – Limerick - Cinquaine. POETRY. Writing that combines exact meaning of words with emotional connections Poets experiment with the sounds and rhythms of language Poems are written in stanzas or groups of lines
POETRY • Writing that combines exact meaning of words with emotional connections • Poets experiment with the sounds and rhythmsof language • Poems are written in stanzas or groups of lines • Poets use figurative language: metaphors, similes, personification, onomatopoeia, etc.
Many Types of Poetry • Sometimes, poems rhyme • Sometimes they don’t:They are free verse • Some poems have several stanzas or sections, and other don't. • Sometimes, poems follow specific rules, like how many words are in each line • Some poems have a specific number of syllables
HAIKU • Comes from Japan. • Has three lines. • First line has five syllables • Second line has seven syllables • Third line has five syllables • Haiku poems do not rhyme. Often, the topic is related to nature or the seasons.
Haiku Sample Autumn leaves falling Turning shades of red and brown Seasons are changing
LIMERICK • Silly or humorous poem • Has a specific pattern • Lines 1, 2, and 5 are longer and rhyme with each other. • Lines 3 and 4 are shorter and rhyme with each other.
Limerick Sample There once was a clown named Bo Who liked to put on a great show He drove a small car And he was a star He did tricks that made us say “Oh!”
CINQUAINE • Five-line poem: • Line 1: One word (noun) – 2 syllables • Line 2: 2 descriptive words (adjectives) – 4 syl. • Line 3: 3 words that describe action – 6 syl. • Line 4: 4 words that express feeling – 8 syl. • Line 5: 1 word (synonym or reference to noun on line 1) – 2 syllables
Cinquain Sample Clowns Silly, Funny Running, jumping, laughing They make the circus so much fun Performers