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The New Frontier. Chapter 20-2. The Promise of Progress . President Kennedy set out to transform his broad vision of progress into what he called the New Frontier Kennedy had difficulty turning his vision into reality, however

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the new frontier

The New Frontier

Chapter 20-2

the promise of progress
The Promise of Progress
  • President Kennedy set out to transform his broad vision of progress into what he called the New Frontier
  • Kennedy had difficulty turning his vision into reality, however
  • He offered Congress proposals to provide Medical Care for the aged, rebuild blighted cities, and aid education, but he couldn’t gather enough votes
  • In his efforts to push his domestic reform measures through Congress, Kennedy showed little skill
  • Since he had been elected by the slimmest of margins, he lacked a popular mandate-a clear indication that voters approved of his plans
  • As a result, he often tried to play it safe politically
stimulating the economy
Stimulating the Economy
  • One domestic problem that Kennedy team tackled was the economy
  • During the campaign, Kennedy had criticized the Eisenhower administration for failing to stimulate economic growth
  • Kennedy’s advisers pushed for the use of deficit spending
  • Kennedy’s administration believed that stimulating economic growth depended on increased government spending and lower taxes, even if it meant that the government spent more than it took in
  • As a result many of the proposals Kennedy sent to Congress in 1961 called for increased spending
addressing poverty a broad
Addressing Poverty a Broad
  • Where the first campaign promises Kennedy fulfilled as a creation of the Peace Corps, a program a volunteer assistance to the developing nations of Asia, Africa, and Latin America
  • Despite many reservations, the Peace Corps became a huge success
  • By 1968, more than 35,000 volunteers of all ages had served in 60 nations around the world
  • A second foreign aid program, the Alliance for Progress, offered economic and technical assistance to Latin American countries
  • Between 1961 and 1969, the United States invested almost $12 billion in Latin America, in part to deter these countries from picking up Fidel Castro’s revolutionary ideas
race to the moon
Race to the Moon
  • On April 12, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri A. Gagarin became the first human in space
  • Kennedy saw this is a challenge and decided that America would surpass the Soviets by landing a man on the Moon
  • Within a year the United States had not only duplicated the Soviet feat, but also put a communications satellite, Telstar, into space
  • Meanwhile, NASA had began to construct new launch facilities at Cape Canaveral, Florida, and a mission control center in Houston, Texas
  • Seven years later, on July 20, 1969, the United States would achieve its goal of a man on the move
addressing domestic problems
Addressing Domestic Problems
  • While progress is being made on the new frontiers of space exploration, and international aid, many Americans suffered at home
  • The issue of poverty struck some 50 million Americans as a scrape by each year on less than $1000 a person
  • In addition the poverty Kennedy was forced to deal with the idea of segregation
  • Throughout the south, demonstrators raised their voices to what would become some of the most controversial civil rights battles of the 1960s
  • By 1963, Kennedy began to focus more closely on these and other issues at home
  • He would instruct the Justice Dept. to investigate racial injustices in the south and declare a national assault on the causes of poverty
  • In addition to a percent Congress of a sweeping civil rights bill and a proposal to cut taxes by over $10 billion
tragedy in dallas
Tragedy in Dallas
  • By the fall of 1963 Kennedy had begun to lose popularity due to his support of civil rights issues
  • In November he would take a trip to Dallas in an effort to mend relations with the states Democratic leaders
  • This would be his last trip as he would be assassinated while traveling to a luncheon with supporters
  • Vice President Lyndon Johnson was now President
four days in november
Four Days in November
  • In the days that followed the assassination one lone gunman would be charged with the death of President Kennedy, Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Oswald had a suspicions past as he had a dishonorable discharge from the Marine Corps, had lived in the Soviet Union, & had supported the Castro regime in Cuba
  • Just two days after the assassination Oswald was being transferred between jails when a Dallas nightclub owner, Jack Ruby, gunned him down
  • The next day the President would be laid to rest at Arlington Commentary
unanswered questions
Unanswered Questions
  • The bizarre chain of events made many to believe that Oswald was part of a conspiracy to kill the President, not a lone gunman
  • In 1963, the Warren Commission investigated & concluded that in fact Oswald did act alone
  • In 1979 a reinvestigation was conducted & found that Oswald was part of a conspiracy & that he was one of two shooters
  • Reasons for the assassination have ranged from a plot backed Castro, to another backed by the Russians, to our own CIA
  • In the end Americans came to learn that even through our darkest times our government can withstand even the gravest actions