How to prepare a bibliography for your finalpaper A short guide Doc. N. Orlova, CSc
What standard of referencesto choose? • There are several standard citation styles developed and updated by academic associations. The most popular are: APA style, MLA and Chicago manual.Discuss with your thesis supervisor which one you should use. It is not important what particular citation style you select, it is imperative that you are consistent using it.
APA - American Psychological Association The APA standard is frequently used by writers, editors, students, and educators in the social and behavioral sciences. APA style is employed in theoretical papers, methodological articles, literature reviews, etc. The latest 6th edition was published in July 2009.
MLA – Modern Language Association MLA is an accepted format used for references by many researchers in the field of linguistics and literary studies.
CMOS- The Chicago MaNual of Style A good guide for publishers, writers and editors. The manual is published by the University of Chicago Press.
APA style • Using APA Style when writing your paper: some tips and suggestions.
APA Style: Books by one and more authors • Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher. • For example: Wallace, M.J. (1998). Action research for language teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press • Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of work. Location: Publisher • For example: Bailey, K., Curtis, A. & Nunan, N. (2001). Pursuing professional development: The self as source. Boston: Heinle and Heinle.
APA Style: chapters and articles in edited books • Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor & B. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (pages of chapter). Location: Publisher • For example: Murphey, T. (2000). Becoming contributing professionals: Nonnative-English-speaking teachers in an EFL environment. In K. E. Johnson (Ed.), Teacher education (pp.105–118). Alexandria, VA: TESOL.
APA Style: Article in a journal • Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (Year of publication). Title of the article. Journal Title, Volume number, pages. For example: Farrell, T. (2003). Reflective teaching: The principles and practices. English Teaching Forum, 41 (4), 14–21.
Where can you learn more about APA? • A free tutorial how to structure and format one’s work, how to cite references, etc. is available on http://www.apastyle.org/learn/tutorials/basics-tutorial.aspx • You can also find good advice on the site of Concordia University Libraries http://library.concordia.ca/ At Citation and Style Guides page http://library.concordia.ca/help/howto/citations.html