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Bibliotherapy Education Project. Paula McMillen & Dale-Elizabeth Pehrsson Oregon State University Hawaii International Conference on Arts & Humanities Honolulu, HI: Jan 16, 2005. Bibliotherapy Education Project.

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bibliotherapy education project

Bibliotherapy Education Project

Paula McMillen & Dale-Elizabeth Pehrsson

Oregon State University

Hawaii International Conference on Arts & Humanities

Honolulu, HI: Jan 16, 2005

bibliotherapy education project1
Bibliotherapy Education Project

The birth of this four year project began with a cup of coffee and a simple conversation. We pondered on the use of books by various helping professionals . Spontaneously, we posed two questions to each other,

“How do therapists, teachers, etc. know what books to recommend?” and

“How do they choose and evaluate materials?”…

…the project was born.

bibliotherapy a rose by any other name
Bibliotherapy“a rose by any other name…”
  • (AKA) Known by many names:
      • Bilbio-counseling
      • Biblio-guidance
      • Biblio-psychology
      • Book matching
      • Literatherapy
      • Library Therapeutics
      • Literapeutics
      • Reading Therapy
      • And many more…
defining bibliotherapy

Use of reading materials for help in solving personal problems or for psychiatric therapy

  • Webster’s Collegiate 10th Ed., 1997

Literally involves treatment through books

  • Pardeck & Pardeck, 1998

Guided reading of written materials to help the reader grow in self awareness

  • Harris & Hodges, 1995

Process of dynamic interaction between the personality of the reader and literature under the guidance of a trained helper

  • Shrodes, 1950
benefits of bibliotherapy
Benefitsof Bibliotherapy
  • Increases Empathetic Understanding of Others (cultures, lifestyles and lived experiences)
  • Enhances Insight and Integration
  • Promotes Coping Skills
  • Provides Information and Alternatives
  • Stimulates Discussion of Feelings and Ideas
  • Increases Enjoyment of Literature and Reading
problem statement
-Problem Statement-
  • Books are widely used in clinical settings
  • Limited training, tools or strategies for emerging or practicing clinicians
  • Limited funds/materials for graduate students
  • Criteria for selecting materials for a working collection
  • Criteria for selecting materials for clients
the learning objectives
The Learning Objectives
  • To increase understanding of the uses of literature in therapy
  • To provide a tool to help practitioners consistently evaluate materials
  • To offer supervision in evaluating materials & use in therapeutic settings
  • To build a library collection to support curriculum and research
  • To increase the availability of evaluated books to subsequent students
  • To increase the number of book evaluations available by making the evaluation tool more widely available
  • To organize resources for learning about Bibliotherapy & finding books
process web relocation
Process: Web Relocation
  • Reformatting the Evaluation Tool
    • Paper & pencil  Web based
    • Narrative  categories, ratings, short answers
    • Library school intern
  • Tooling Up to Technology
    • Web design
    • Database design

3. Usability testing

Graduate counseling students

4. Communication

Regular team meetings

Project E-mail list

Other “stakeholders”

5. Sponsorship of the Web site

Page appearance

Ongoing funding mechanisms

Administrative Support

project methods
  • Literature review
  • Articulate clinical criteria
  • Expert face validity
  • Learning module
  • Student involvement
  • Survey research
  • Cross-disciplinary consultation
  • Regular communication, feedback, input
  • Mutual respect for unique contributions
research discoveries
Research Discoveries
  • Literature Review
    • Widespread use
    • Years of research
    • Specific topics and populations
    • Few practice and evaluation guidelines
  • Electronic development
    • Complex
    • Plan infrastructure to accommodate future research
  • Graduate Counseling students tested pre- and post-learning module (self-report survey)
    • Significant increase in knowledge of Bibliotherapy benefits and uses
    • Significant increase in comfort level with using literature in therapy reported
  • Clinical Supervision
    • Practice and teaching lead to competence
future directions
Future Directions
  • Continued usability testing of overall Web site design
  • Further development of database search options
  • Increase flexibility of site and database structure for ease of maintenance
  • Establish ongoing funding mechanisms
  • Promote use to librarians and helping professionals to build database of evaluated literature
  • Contain creativity and focus

Future Projects

  • Create Librarian Guide
  • Analyze Database
  • Fund Student Assistantships
  • Refine Evaluation Tool
  • Create Therapist Guide
  • Enhance Website Content
  • Upgrade Website Functions
  • Publish and Disseminate
  • Refine Teaching
lessons learned
Lessons Learned
  • You can’t over-communicate
  • Regular meetings of the collaborators are essential for progress
  • Find money! Aggressively solicit grants, donors, sponsors
  • Collaboration is messy & complex but worth it!
for more information http bibliotherapy library oregonstate edu
For more information …

Dr. Paula McMillen

Phone 541.737.7272

Valley Library

Oregon State University

Corvallis, Oregon 97331

Dr. Dale-Elizabeth Pehrsson

Phone 541.737-8551

New School of Education

311 Education Hall

Oregon State University

Corvallis, Oregon 97331