Pronouns • In English, we use pronouns every day. Pronouns are the words that replace nouns in a sentence. • For example, imagine you were telling a story about your friend Veronica. It might go something like this: • “Veronica drove to the store. Then, Veronica picked out groceries. Veronica paid $20, then Veronica drove home.” • What word would you use to replace Veronica?
Pronouns • Subject pronouns answer the question, “WHO.” Who or what is doing the action in a sentence? • What other pronouns do you know in English? • I • You • He • She • It • We • They
Pronouns • Which words are singular, and which are plural? • Singular: I, You, He, She, It • Plural: We, They
Pronouns • In Spanish, there are 12 subject pronouns. • BUT we’re only going to study 10, because 2 of them are used exclusively in Spain.
I – YoTalking about yourself. I speak Spanish.
You – TúTalking TO a friend or family member. Do you speak Spanish?
You – Usted Talking TO an adult, stranger or person of importance. Do you speak Spanish?
He – ÉlTalking ABOUT a male. He speaks Spanish. Roberto speaks Spanish.
She – EllaTalking ABOUT a female. She speaks Spanish. Maria speaks Spanish.
We – NosotrosTalking about yourself AND someone else. The group is all male or co-ed. We speak Spanish. He and I (WE) speak Spanish.
We – NosotrasTalking about yourself AND someone else. The group is all female. We speak Spanish. She and I (WE) speak Spanish.
They – EllosTalking ABOUT a group of people, either all male or co-ed. They speak Spanish. Maria and Roberto speak Spanish.
They – EllasTalking ABOUT a group of girls. They speak Spanish. Maria, Lisa and Sara speak Spanish.
You all – UstedesTalking TO a group of people. Do you all speak Spanish?
Subject Pronouns Copy this chart into your notes. It needs to look EXACTLY like this.
Subject Pronouns • You probably noticed that there are TWO ways to say “YOU” in Spanish. • Tú is used to address family and friends. • Usted is used to address elders, strangers or people of importance. Think of it as being used any time you would use “Miss, Mrs., or Mr.”
When I say a Spanish subject pronoun, write the English meaning on your whiteboard.
Now, write the Spanish subject pronoun that represents the picture you see on the screen.
Now, write the Spanish subject pronoun that matches the English subject pronoun that I say.
Yo I draw._______ dibujo
Nosotros or Nosotras Amanda and I talk on the phone.__________ hablamosportelefono.
Él He drives a Jeep._______ maneja un Jeep.
Ellos Do guys listen to Katy Perry?¿Escuchan _______ a Katy Perry?
Ella My grandmother sings at church. _______ canta en la iglesia.
usted Mr. Poznek, please talk more slowly.Mr. Poznek, habla _______ másdespacio, por favor.
Nosotros or Nosotras We kiss “goodbye” every morning.____________ besamos “adiós” cadamañana.
Ella Tiffany buys the red dress. _______ compra el vestidorojo.
Mrs. Wicks swims in the ocean during the summer. ____ nada en el mar durante el verano. Ella