The Clash of Civilizations
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The Clash of Civilizations. Samuel P. Huntington. Work Presented by: Patricia Quintino Nº 21167 Petr Makovsky Nº 25335 Peter Panholzer Nº 25333 Ieong Chi Kun, Christine Nº 25246 Fernando Piton Nº 25273.

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The Clash of Civilizations

Samuel P. Huntington

  • Work Presented by:

  • Patricia Quintino Nº 21167

  • Petr Makovsky Nº 25335

  • Peter Panholzer Nº 25333

  • Ieong Chi Kun, Christine Nº 25246

  • Fernando Piton Nº 25273


“It is my hypothesis that the fundamental source of conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Samuel P. Huntington


Main Agenda conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Clash of Civilizations

7 Main Civilizations

Modernization vs Westernization

West vs the Rest

Conclusion


Civilizations conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Civilization

Civilization is a cultural entity defined by objective elements such as: language, history, religion….


Clash of Civilizations conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Clash of Civilization

a clash of cultural spheres within a single global civilization


Why civilizations will clash
Why civilizations will clash? conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • Differences among civilizations are real and basic: history, language, culture, tradition & RELIGION

    product of centuries

  • The world is becoming smaller


Why civilizations will clash1
Why civilizations will clash? conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • Economic modernization & social change throughout the world

  • Dual Role of the West

    ↑ Civilization-consciousness

    Non-Wests  tend to shape the world in non-Western ways


Why civilization will clash
Why civilization will clash? conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • Cultural characteristics & differences  less mutable; Political & economic issues  can be compromised & resolved

  • Increase in economic regionalism: Successful regionalism  reinforce civilization consciousness; Economic regionalism  succeed only in a common civilization


Two levels for clash of civilization
Two levels for Clash of Civilization conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Clash of Civilization occurs at two levels:

  • Micro-level – struggle over the control of territory and each other

  • Macro-level – promote particular political & religious values.


Kin country syndrome
Kin-Country Syndrome conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • World of civilization => World of double standards

    One standard to kin-countries & different one to others

  • Conflicts & Violence within same civilization  less intense & less likely to expand


Main Civilizations conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • The 7 main civilizations are:

  • Latin America

  • Confucian

  • Japanese

  • Islamic

     Hindu

     Slavic - Orthodox

     Western


Main Civilizations conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • Japanese: Shintoism religion, not open-minded

  • Islamic: with human and universal dimensions, very generous

  • Confucian: introspective, self-conscious, and intuition; feel at ease in poverty and find their delight in the pursuit of the Way


Main Civilizations conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • Hindu: Composed of diverse doctrines, cults, and ways of life.

  • Slavic/Orthodox: Eastern and Central Europe and the Balkans; Follow Mostly the orthodox and catholic churches

  • Latin American: Are the latin speaking countries in America; Mainly Roman Catholic


Modernization v s and or westernization

Western Civilization conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Modernization v.s., and, or Westernization?

The classical legacy

Western Christianity

European language

Separation of spiritual and temporary authority

Rule of law

Representative bodies

individualism


Modernization v s westernization
Modernization v.s. Westernization? conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

WHY doesn´t Modernization and technical development require Westernization?

  • Individual level

  • Societal level


Temporal westernization
Temporal Westernization conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Western valuesused by the government only until they are powerful enough to denounce them as human rights imperialism.

  • “second generation indigenization”

  • democracy paradox


Future tendencies
Future tendencies conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • As all politics is local politics, all power is local power

  • from the warren state phase to a universal state phase:

    held together by a compound of federations, confederations, and international regimes


The West versus the Rest conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

The West in effect is using international institutions, military power and economic resources to run the world in ways that will maintain Western predominance, protect Western interests and promote Western political and economic values.

"the values that are most important in

the West are least important worldwide."


The West versus the Rest conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Responses to the west:

  • Non-Westernstates course of isolation

  • Join the west and accept it institutions and values

  • attempt to "balance" the West by developing economic and military power and cooperating with other non-Western societies against the West


Conflicts arised by Civilizations conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

TORN COUTRIES

Some countries have a fair degree of cultural homogeneity but are divided over whether theirsociety belongs to one civilization or another.

Leaders pursue a bandwagoning strategy but the history, culture and traditions of their countries are non-Western.

Typical torn countries are:

Turkey, Mexico, Russia


Why the Author wrote the Article conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

We suppose that Huntington wrote this article because of the diverse thinking about the nature of global culture and because of his past working as the director of the Center for International Affairs.


Conclusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • Differences between civilizations are real and important and civilization-conscious is increasing;

  • Conflicts between civilizations will supplant ideological conflicts;

  • Western civilization is powerful and has the majority, while the non-western civilizations, tend to modernize theirs, trying to maintain there culture and values.


Conclusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Implication for the Western policy:

short term advantage

&

long term accommodation


Conclusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Short term advantage:

  • cooperation and unity

  • cooperative relations with Russia & Japan

  • local inter-civilization conflicts

  • limit the military strength and conflicts of Confucian & Islamic states

  • military capabilities & superiority

  • strengthen international institutions that reflect and legitimate Western interests & values


Conclusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Long term accommodation:

  • maintain economic & military power

  • Understand other civilizations’ religious & philosophical assumptions

  • identify elements of commonality between Western & other civilizations


Bibliography: conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

  • http://www.isesco.org.ma/pub/ISTD/Eng/20/P2.htm

  • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ethnic_issues_in_Japan

  • http://www.crvp.org/book/Series03/III-14/chapter_i.htm

  • http://www.religioustolerance.org/confuciu.htm


Class Discusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Do you agree with the thesis?


Class Discusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Do you think that these thesis are up-to-date?


Class Discusion conflict in this new world will not be primarily ideological or primarily economic.”

Do you think that the 9/11 was caused by a clash of civilizations?


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