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The Politics of India. By Rahil Bagchi. Political System. India. Independence. India got independence from Britain on Aug 15 th , 1947 The Constitution of India was implemented on Jan 26, 1950 Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President.

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the politics of india

The Politics of India


Rahil Bagchi



  • India got independence from Britain on Aug 15th, 1947
  • The Constitution of India was implemented on Jan 26, 1950
  • Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister
  • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President

Satyameyva Jayate


Interesting Facts

Largest Democracy in the World!

670 Million Voters...more than 1 Million voting machines

A Prime Minister ... and a President


Constitution Preamble

Supreme or Independent Nation

Social and Economic Equality for ALL citizens

India is a SOVEREIGN,





Equality of ALL religions. No national religion

Government BY the people

Form of government, where supreme power vested in people


Six Fundamental Rights

  • Right to Equality
    • Cannot discriminate on religion, race, caste, gender, place of birth
    • Equality of opportunity for all citizens related to employment under state government
  • Right to Particular Freedom
    • Freedom of speech
    • Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms
    • Freedom to form associations or unions
    • Freedom to move freely throughout India
    • Freedom to reside in any part of India

Six Fundamental Rights

  • Cultural and Educational Rights
    • Right to preserve its distinct language, script or culture
  • Right to Freedom of Religion
    • Right to practice, profess and propagate religion, subject to certain restriction (public order, social welfare etc.)
  • Right against Exploitation
    • Prohibition against forced labor, child labor
  • Right to Constitutional Remedies
    • Right to change the constitution

Central Government

Make sure that the policies are being followed

Head: President (ceremonial post)

Power with the Prime Minister (usually head of majority party or majority coalition)

Executive Branch

Lok Sabha

545 members

All members are elected every 5 years

Legislative Branch

Make Laws

12 appointed by President, rest chosen by state representatives

Rajya Sabha

245 members


Supreme Court

Interprets laws and make judgments

Judiciary Branch

High Court

National Parties




Bahujan Samaj Party

Janata Dal

Political Parties

India is multi-party system: Lots and Lots of political parties.

Regional Parties

Telegu Desam


Trinamool Congress

Samajwadi Party

…there are many, many more


Date of Election Announced

Voting Day

The Election Process

But I do not have a majority!!!

What now??

Campaign Starts


Schools, colleges are voting places

Government employee supervise process

Blue indelible ink indicate you voted


The Election Process

Hi! I am the Prime Minister….I have a lot of work to do!!


Coalition Government – parties get together to create a majority in Lok Sabha

  • Name 3 keywords in the Indian Constitution preamble?
    • Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic
  • What is another name of the legislative branch?
    • The Parliament
  • What are the 2 parts of the legislative branch?
    • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
  • How many political parties are there in India?
    • Hundreds
  • Name one fundamental right?
    • Right of Equality
    • Right to Particular Freedom
    • Right of freedom of religion
  • ..\Desktop\INDIAN Election 2009 - The Largest Democracy In The World in Action.wmv