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The Politics of India

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  1. The Politics of India By Rahil Bagchi

  2. Political System India

  3. Independence • India got independence from Britain on Aug 15th, 1947 • The Constitution of India was implemented on Jan 26, 1950 • Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister • Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first President Satyameyva Jayate

  4. Interesting Facts Largest Democracy in the World! 670 Million Voters...more than 1 Million voting machines A Prime Minister ... and a President

  5. Constitution Preamble Supreme or Independent Nation Social and Economic Equality for ALL citizens India is a SOVEREIGN, SOCIALIST, SECULAR, DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC Equality of ALL religions. No national religion Government BY the people Form of government, where supreme power vested in people

  6. Six Fundamental Rights • Right to Equality • Cannot discriminate on religion, race, caste, gender, place of birth • Equality of opportunity for all citizens related to employment under state government • Right to Particular Freedom • Freedom of speech • Freedom to assemble peacefully and without arms • Freedom to form associations or unions • Freedom to move freely throughout India • Freedom to reside in any part of India

  7. Six Fundamental Rights • Cultural and Educational Rights • Right to preserve its distinct language, script or culture • Right to Freedom of Religion • Right to practice, profess and propagate religion, subject to certain restriction (public order, social welfare etc.) • Right against Exploitation • Prohibition against forced labor, child labor • Right to Constitutional Remedies • Right to change the constitution

  8. Central Government Make sure that the policies are being followed Head: President (ceremonial post) Power with the Prime Minister (usually head of majority party or majority coalition) Executive Branch Lok Sabha 545 members All members are elected every 5 years Legislative Branch Make Laws 12 appointed by President, rest chosen by state representatives Rajya Sabha 245 members Parliament Supreme Court Interprets laws and make judgments Judiciary Branch High Court

  9. National Parties Congress BJP CPI(M) Bahujan Samaj Party Janata Dal Political Parties India is multi-party system: Lots and Lots of political parties. Regional Parties Telegu Desam DMK Trinamool Congress Samajwadi Party …there are many, many more

  10. Voting in India

  11. Date of Election Announced Voting Day The Election Process But I do not have a majority!!! What now?? Campaign Starts VOTE FOR ….. Schools, colleges are voting places Government employee supervise process Blue indelible ink indicate you voted

  12. The Election Process Hi! I am the Prime Minister….I have a lot of work to do!! UPA Coalition Government – parties get together to create a majority in Lok Sabha

  13. Quiz • Name 3 keywords in the Indian Constitution preamble? • Sovereign, Socialist, Secular, Democratic, Republic • What is another name of the legislative branch? • The Parliament • What are the 2 parts of the legislative branch? • Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha • How many political parties are there in India? • Hundreds • Name one fundamental right? • Right of Equality • Right to Particular Freedom • Right of freedom of religion

  14. Movie • ..\Desktop\INDIAN Election 2009 - The Largest Democracy In The World in Action.wmv

  15. Thank You For Watching My Presentation!