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US History. Chapter 9 Section 4. At War. The War of 1812 July 1812 – General William Hull led the American Army from Detroit to Canada (failed) Harrison failed also because of British control of Lake Erie Oliver Hazard Perry was the American commander of the Lake Erie naval forces

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us history

US History

Chapter 9

Section 4

at war
At War
  • The War of 1812
    • July 1812 – General William Hull led the American Army from Detroit to Canada (failed)
      • Harrison failed also because of British control of Lake Erie
    • Oliver Hazard Perry was the American commander of the Lake Erie naval forces
      • Fought the British and won Lake Erie
      • “We have met the enemy and they are ours.”
    • Battle of the Thames – Harrison defeated the British and Tecumseh was killed
      • Americans attacked York (modern day Toronto) and won
    • Frigates – warships (America boasted having the 3 fastest)
      • Constitution (“Old Ironsides”), Guerriere, and Java
    • Privateers – armed private ships
british are coming again
British are Coming… Again
  • Andrew Jackson – attacked the Creek Native Americans at The Battle of Horseshoe Bend killing 550
  • Britain’s war with France ended (British victory), so they sent troops to America
    • August 1814 – the British conquer the American militia and burn every governmental building in Washington DC
    • The British then moved on to Baltimore and Fort McHenry in September
      • September 13-14 – Francis Scott Key writes “The Star Spangled Banner” in honor of seeing the flag still standing at Fort McHenry (Becomes the National Anthem in 1931)
  • Plattsburgh – key city on Lake Champlain
    • British attack with 10,000 troops; American navy wins the battle
    • Defeat on Lake Champlain forced Britain to stop (too much money)
  • December 1814 – Treaty of Ghent (signed in Belgium)
time 8

Time 8

“May the Lord bless King George, convert him, and take him to heaven, as we want no more of him.”

Reverend John Gruber,

to his Baltimore congregation during the War of 1812

This feature can be found on pages 312–313 of your textbook.

a little more
A Little More…
  • The Battle of New Orleans – December 1814
    • Word had not reached the armies that the war was over
    • The British attacked New Orleans
    • Andrew Jackson won a decisive victory and became a war hero
  • Hartford Convention – New England Federalists who opposed “Mr. Madison’s War”
    • Drew up a list of amendments to the Constitution
    • After the news of Jackson and Ghent, it seemed unpatriotic
    • The Federalist Party lost respect with the people
    • Their ideals of strong national government, trade opportunities, westward expansion, and development would be carried on by the Republican War Hawks
chapter assessment 1

Reviewing Key Terms

Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left.

__ 1. the right of the Supreme Court to determine if a law violates the Constitution

__ 2. forcing people into service, as in the navy

__ 3. loyalty to a nation and promotion of its interests above all others

__ 4. policy that government should interfere as little as possible in the nation’s economy

A. laissez-faire

B. impressment

C. embargo

D. nationalism

E. judicial review

F. secede

E

B

D

A

Chapter Assessment 1

Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers.

chapter assessment 2

Reviewing Key Terms

Define Match the terms on the right with their definitions on the left.

__ 5. an order prohibiting trade with another country

__ 6. to leave or withdraw

A. laissez-faire

B. impressment

C. embargo

D. nationalism

E. judicial review

F. secede

C

F

Chapter Assessment 2

Click the mouse button or press the Space Bar to display the answers.