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Matthew 24 The Destruction of Jerusalem and the End of the World. Part 3 The Son of Man Coming In Judgment Upon Jerusalem Matthew 24:29-35. Matthew 24 Misunderstood.

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Matthew 24 The Destruction of Jerusalem and the End of the World


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Matthew 24The Destruction of Jerusalemand the End of the World Part 3 The Son of Man Coming In Judgment Upon Jerusalem Matthew 24:29-35

    2. Matthew 24 Misunderstood • Matthew 24 is very often misunderstood and misused by premillennialists who teach that there will be “signs” pointing to Jesus’ return and 1,000 year reign • The word “signs” (24:3, 30) and the word “tribulation” (24:9, 21, 29) mentioned in Matthew 24 are widely used by premillenialists to teach this false doctrine

    3. Matthew 24 Misunderstood

    4. The Setting • Jesus has been teaching in the temple during his last week in Jerusalem before going to the cross (21:12, 17-18, 23) • Jesus prophesies that the Jews’ “house” (temple) will be made desolate (23:37-39; see Lk. 13:34-35; 19:41-44) • Jesus’ disciples show him the beautiful temple stones (24:1; see Josephus’ Antiquities of the Jews 15.11) • Jesus predicts the fall of Jerusalem (24:2)

    5. The Setting • Jesus’ disciples ask Jesus when these things will be and Jesus answers them (24:3 – 25:46; see 26:1) When shall these things be? What shall be the sign of thy coming (presence)? What shall be the sign of the end of the world?

    6. The Setting • When Jesus answers his disciples, he will talk about… 1. The beginning of travail (24:4-14; see 24:8) 2. The great tribulation (24:15-28; see 24:21) 3. The Son of man coming (24:29 – 25:46; see 24:27, 30, 37, 39, 42, 44; 25:31) In judgment upon Jerusalem (24:29-35) In judgment upon all the nations (24:36 – 25:46)

    7. Matthew 24 Timeline A.D. 66-70 A.D. 33 A.D. 40’s – 60’s Matthew 24:1-3 The Setting Jesus predicts the temple Destruction (note the “bookends” 23:36 and 24:34) Matthew 24:4-14 The Beginning Deceivers Wars Famines Earthquakes Tribulation False prophets Gospel preached Matthew 24:15-35 The Tribulation Surrounding army Flee Jerusalem Great tribulation More deceivers More false proph. Son of Man comes All accomplished

    8. The Son of Man Coming • First, they will see the heavens shaken (24:29)

    9. The Son of Man Coming

    10. The Son of Man Coming • First, they will see the heavens shaken (24:29) • Second, they will see the sign of the Son of Man (24:30)

    11. The Son of Man Coming

    12. The Son of Man Coming • First, they will see the heavens shaken (24:29) • Second, they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds (24:30) • Third, they will see the gathering of the elect (24:31)

    13. The Son of Man Coming

    14. The Son of Man Coming • First, they will see the heavens shaken (24:29) • Second, they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds (24:30) • Third, they will see the gathering of the elect (24:31) • Fourth, they will know that he is near (24:32-33)

    15. The Son of Man Coming

    16. The Son of Man Coming • First, they will see the heavens shaken (24:29) • Second, they will see the Son of Man coming in the clouds (24:30) • Third, they will see the gathering of the elect (24:31) • Fourth, they will know that he is near (24:32-33) • Fifth, they will experience all these things in the lifetime of their own generation (24:34-35)

    17. The Son of Man Coming

    18. The Son of Man Coming

    19. The Historical Fulfillment • The heavens shaken (24:29) • The mention of the fall of heavenly bodies has an OT background with reference to God’s judgment upon nations; symbolism portraying divine judgment and catastrophe: Babylon (Isa. 13:1-13), Edom (Isa. 34:1-5), and Egypt (Ezek. 32:1-10); also symbolic of radical change (Joel 28-31; Acts 2:20) • This symbolism is continued in the NT with God’s judgment upon Jerusalem and upon Rome (Rev. 6:12; 8:12)

    20. The Historical Fulfillment • The coming in the clouds (24:30) • The mention of the coming in the clouds, like the fall of the of heavenly bodies, has an OT background with reference to God’s judgment upon nations; symbolism portraying divine judgment and catastrophe: Egypt (Isa. 19:1) • This symbolism is continued in the NT with God’s judgment upon Jerusalem (see also Mt. 26:64) and Rome (Rev. 14:14-16); both are ref. to Jesus (Dan. 7:13-14)

    21. The Historical Fulfillment • The gathering of the elect (24:31) • Jesus will show his powerful judgment upon Jerusalem (24:30-31) and his powerful salvation upon the elect (24:31) • The elect would be gathered together by means of angels (Gr. aggelos = “messengers”) and the sound of a great trumpet (Isa. 27:13); possibly angelic messengers (Acts 5:19; 8:26; 10:3,7,22; 12:7-11, 23; 27:23) or human messengers (Acts 6:15; Gal. 4:14; Rev. 2:1,8,12; etc.)

    22. The Historical Fulfillment • Knowing that he is near (24:32-33) • The parable of the fig tree (taught by Jesus in the spring of the year) teaches the lesson that one can know when the time, the summer, is near (this not the “budding” of Israel in 1948!) • What Jesus said from verse 4 through verse 31 would give them knowledge of coming events leading up to and including the destruction of Jerusalem in A.D. 70 • “At the door” is a symbol of immediate judgment (Jas. 5:9)

    23. The Historical Fulfillment • This generation (24:34-35) • Premillennialists try to make the point that “generation” (24:34) refers to the “Jewish race” alone, not to the people living at this time • However, “generation” refers to people living at the time of the matter under discussion (Mt. 1:1,17; 11:16; 12:38-45; 16:4; 17:17; 23:36)

    24. Lessons for Today( from Jesus’ Coming Upon Jerusalem) • God brings down nations with great power and glory (24:29-30; Dan. 4:32; Rev. 19:15; Prov. 14:34) • God makes a distinction between the judged and the elect (24:31; Lk. 18:7; Rom. 8:33; 2 Tim. 2:19) • God holds a “generation” accountable for their sins (24:34; see 23:36; Num. 32:13; Acts 2:40; Phil. 2:15) • God keeps his word (24:35; Mt. 5:18)