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  1. ImperialismThe U.S. and the Worldat the turn of the 20th Century

  2. Motives: • Economic • Strategic • Colonizing • Aggressive • Missionary • Leadership

  3. The U.S. purchases Alaska from Russia in 1867

  4. Alaska becomes the 49th U.S. state in 1959

  5. U.S. Sec. of State William Seward was widely criticized for the purchase of Alaska

  6. The 1896 election of William McKinley

  7. Rep. President William McKinley

  8. Spanish-American War 1898“A Splendid Little War”

  9. Causes of the Spanish American War • Jingoism • Economic concerns in Cuba • Yellow Journalism • The DeLome Letter • The Sinking of the U.S.S. Maine • The “White man’s burden”/Humanitarian concerns for the Cubans

  10. The Teller Amendment 1898proposed by Colorado Sen. Henry Teller promises that the U.S. has no designs on annexing Cuba

  11. General Valeriano “butcher” Weyler’s “reconcentration” policyexcited many Americans against Spain

  12. U.S.S. Maine

  13. The sinking of the U.S.S. Maine in Havana Harbor, CubaFeb. 15th, 1898

  14. “Remember the Maine and to hell with Spain””

  15. “Yellow Journalism”Publishers William Randolph Hearst and Joseph Pulitzer

  16. William Randolph Hearst-The New York Journal Joseph Pulitzer-The New York World

  17. Hearst Castle San Simeon

  18. Spanish Foreign Minister Enrique DeLome

  19. TR the Rough Rider

  20. Heroics at San Juan Hill?

  21. U. S. Admiral George Dewey

  22. U.S.S. OlympiaFlagship of Commodore Dewey

  23. Commodore Dewey promoted to Admiral

  24. U.S. defeat of the Spanish fleet in Manila Bay, the Philippines

  25. The Platt Amendment 1903Connecticut Rep. Sen. Orville Platt • Cuba was an independent nation • The U.S. reserved the right to intervene in Cuban affairs if deemed necessary • Cuba had limited rights to conduct foreign and debt policies, subject to U.S. approval • The U.S. would maintain a military base on Cuba at Guantanamo Bay

  26. The U.S. acquires Puerto Rico and Guam via the Treaty of Paris 1898

  27. The Foraker Act (1900) establishes civil government in Puerto Rico • Organizes the island as a U.S. Territory • Makes its residents citizens of Puerto Rico • U.S. citizenship comes in 1917 (“does the Constitution follow the flag?” Insular Cases as decided by the Supreme Court said not automatically

  28. The dilemma of the Philippine Islands

  29. U.S. President William McKinley and Filipino Nationalist Emilio Aguinaldo

  30. The U.S. –Filipino War

  31. Hawaiian Queen Liliuokalani

  32. Queen “Lil” overthrown by U.S. planters in 1893

  33. Hawaii made a U.S. Territory in 1898 and becomes the 50th state in 1959

  34. U.S. Sec. of State John Hay and his “Open Door Policy” in China