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OBSERVATION AND PRESENTATION OF PHENOMENA IN GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION. I wona Piotrowska Department of Geography Teaching and Ecological Education Adam Mickiewicz University Poznań. Presentation.

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observation and presentation of phenomena in geography education

OBSERVATION AND PRESENTATION OF PHENOMENAIN GEOGRAPHY EDUCATION

Iwona Piotrowska

Department of Geography Teaching

and Ecological Education

Adam Mickiewicz University

Poznań

presentation
Presentation
  • Presentation in the teaching and communication process is a planned and systematic method of acting upon a defined group of students, during which it is crucial to inform, convince and motivate the listeners (Łasiński, 2000).
presentation1
Presentation
  • The way in which the teacher passes on information, tries to make the student interested in the geographical environment and moulds his imagination, has a decisive effect not only on his learning progress, but also on his perception of the subject itself(Piotrowska, 2003).
art of presentation
Art of presentation

It seems justified to approach the teacher's demonstration, discussion or explanation of geographical processes and objects as another art- that of presentation.

preparation for presentation
Preparation for presentation
  • Analysis of its aim
  • Methods
  • Recipients

Thus, presentation is a task-oriented rather thous a spontaneous and unprepared activity (Łasiński, 2000).

f actors influenc ing good r eception of presentation
Factors influencing good reception of presentation
  • Clear structure of the presentation
  • Contents as well as expression of the topic
  • Method of presenting the contents using visuals
  • Body language, i.e. author’s image, body posture and eye contact
e lements of presentation introduction
Elements of presentation- Introduction
  • First impression determines the success of whole undertaking
  • Non-verbal communication occurs throughout the entire presentation
  • Eye contact with listeners as well as awareness of the facial expression and gestures
  • Introduction should be a well thought-out presentation
  • A plan or scenario is essential
e lements of presentation development
Elements of presentation- Development
  • Excellent knowledge of the subject
  • Logical sequence and clarity of the message
  • Visuals that make the subject easier
  • Controlling symptoms of nervousness
  • Maintaining contact with listeners
  • Keeping track of time
e lements of presentation ending
Elements of presentation- Ending
  • This part aims at formulating the main theme of the entire presentation andsummarising its contents in demonstrated theses as well as finishing it off with adequate delivery.
efficacy and attractiveness of the message depend on
Efficacy and attractiveness of the messagedepend on:
  • Knowledge
  • Contents
  • Skills
  • Strategy
  • Methods of presentation
presentation methods
Presentation methods
  • Reading
  • Delivering the text from memory
  • Demonstration
the message is easier to understand if us e is made of
The message is easier to understand if use is made of:
  • Media:
  • Pictures
  • Slides
  • Transparency posters
  • Models
  • Films
  • Computer and multimedia programs
  • Internet resources
the principle of visualization in geography education
The principle of visualizationin geography education

Direct and indirect observation

Formation of geographical notion and images

a n image acts better that words since it is jay 2000
An image acts better that wordssince it is:(Jay, 2000)
  • Faster
  • Time- saving
  • More efficient
  • Easier to memorize
c ommunication
Communication
  • When talking to each other, people send

verbal and non-verbal messages.

c ommunication metartin 1997 za asi ski 2000
Communication(Metartin 1997, za Łasiński 2000)

20% Speech

30%

Method of lecturing

50% Body language

speech
Speech
  • is of a linguistic variety (the languagemay be

literary, colloquial or scientific).

  • very important are:
  • elements including associations
  • choice of words
  • correct syntax
method of lecturing
Methodoflecturing
  • intonation
  • force and speed of speech
  • rhythm
  • pauses between sentences
  • pitch and tone of voice
  • articulation
  • dialects
body language
Bodylanguage
  • facial expression
  • gestures
  • body posture
  • eye contact
  • involuntary physiological reactions
  • physical appearance
  • personal distance
slide27

Presentation,

body language and gesticulation

slide28
From the teacher’s perspective, the ability to read and interpret non-verbal messages coming from students, sometimes termed intuition or perception, seems to be exceptionally important (Wołowik, 1998).
slide29
Ignoring signals coming from students during a lesson may result in a situation in which the planned method of presentation is not modified and thus the educational effect is impaired.
distance distance is defined as a personal distance from other people
DistanceDistance is defined as a personal distance from otherpeople.
  • called ‘territory and the speaker’s safety zone’(Pease, 2004)
  • called also ‘speaker’s own space’(Hall after Pease, 2004)

Types of spacing zones

private (15-46 cm)

personal (46-120 cm)

social (120-360 cm)

public (more than 360 cm)

stress and presentation
Stress and presentation
  • „ The circle of fear” (Pijarowska, Seweryńska, 2002)

1. Thoughts

4. Presentation

2. Emotion

3. Physiological reactions

how to prepare a p resentation
How to prepare a presentation
  • perfect preparation of both its subject matter and of its methodological aspects
  • ‘dress rehearsal’
  • visualization of success
a good presentation is asi ski 2000
A good presentation is(Łasiński, 2000)
  • prepared with competence
  • easy to understand
  • visual
  • interesting
  • ‘vivid’
slide35
In schools in the 21st century, in the time of unprecedented development of information technologies, GIS and the Internet, enormous importance is given to presentation skills of geography teachers regardless of the elected methods and techniques of geography instruction.