industry overview and developments
Download
Skip this Video
Download Presentation
Industry Overview and Developments

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 20

Industry Overview and Developments - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 72 Views
  • Uploaded on

Industry Overview and Developments. Ralph Groschen Senior Marketing Specialist Minnesota Department of Agriculture [email protected] www.mda.state.mn.us. Riverland Community College December 6, 2006 Kasson, MN. Includes plants under construction as of September 2003.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Industry Overview and Developments' - noma


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
industry overview and developments
Industry Overview and Developments
  • Ralph Groschen
  • Senior Marketing Specialist
  • Minnesota Department of Agriculture
  • [email protected]
  • www.mda.state.mn.us

Riverland Community College

December 6, 2006

Kasson, MN

slide9
Minnesota Ethanol:

Production, Producer Payments, and Economic Impacts

(Fiscal Year: July 1-June 30)

minnesota s ethanol plants
Minnesota’s Ethanol Plants

Plant (Start date) Original capacity (millions) 2004

  • Marshall (1987) 10 40
  • Morris (1991) 3.5 22
  • Corn Plus (1994) 15 40
  • Heartland (1995) 10 37
  • Al-Corn (1996) 10 34
  • CVEC (1996) 15 42
  • MN Energy (1997) 12 18
  • Ethanol 2000 (1997) 12 30
  • Pro-Corn (1998) 12 40
  • Cornerstone (1998) 12 21
  • CMEC (1999) 20 22
  • Exol (1999) 13 40
  • North Star 2005 50 50
  • Total 210 454
slide11
Yields

Yields

Return To Fossil Fuel Energy

100% more energy w/ Ethanol

1.67 Btu of fuel ethanol

(USDA)

1 Btu of fossil energy

Coal, oil, or gas

0.805 Btu of gasoline

market development
Market Development
  • 5 billion gallons used today, mostly in E10.
  • E85 is future possibility for market expansion. (MN is way ahead nationally)
  • May also develop other markets:
    • 1. Aviation Fuel?
    • 2. Diesel Fuel (Sweden)
    • 3. E20 (Gov’s initiative)
    • 4. RFG area O2 caps may be lifted
where do we go from here
Where do we go from here?
  • Maintain existing industry through transition
  • “Cellulose” (biomass) to ethanol and other fuels.
  • Minnesota plants are taking the initiative.
  • Pathways
    • 1. Use biomass fuels for process energy. (MN)
    • 2. Enzyme/Fermentation DOE focus.
    • 2. Thermochemical
      • A. Various thermochemical reactions (Pyrolysis- Synthetics)
      • B. Gasification “Syngas” and “biorefinery process” (MN)
what s possible
What’s Possible?

Source - Vinod Khosla

70% of today’s gasoline usage?

slide16
Fossil Energy Ratio (FER) = energy in fuel/fossil energy input

10.31

Michael Wang, Center for Transportation Research,

Energy Systems Division, Argonne National Laboratory

slide17
Yields

Yields

Return To Fossil Fuel Energy

280% more energy w/ Biodiesel

3.2 Btu of Biodiesel

(USDA & DOE)

1 Btu of fossil energy

Coal, oil, or gas

0.843 Btu of Diesel Fuel

minnesota biodiesel
Minnesota Biodiesel
  • 2% required in Minnesota since 9/29/05
  • 3 plants, 63 million gallons production capacity
  • High blends & B100 used in summer by some
  • Filter problems in Winter ‘05 & ’06 blamed on biodiesel
  • Some “off-spec” biodiesel was shipped
  • Everybody used B2, most had no problem
  • Other potential causes of filter problems were not discussed
diesel filter problems
Diesel Filter Problems
  • Jan. 2006 Cummins Diesel Bulletin
  • Diesel filter life has shortened steadily since Winter of 2004.
  • Major causes of plugging are:
    • “Asphaltine” polymers duel to high fuel temp
    • “Biological organism” growing in fuel
    • “Engine lubricating oil” mixed in fuel
      • Engine design, pipeline additives & used oil.
    • Biodiesel fuel mixed at “high levels” (B20)
    • “Solid Particle contaminants, (Dirt)”
ad