Criminal Justice 2012. Chapter 6: Parameters for Empowerment and Trust: Style Theory. Class Name, Instructor Name. Date, Semester. Objective. To integrate the two major behavioral aspects of the leader, task and relationship, in order to influence subordinates to reach a predefined goal.
Parameters for Empowerment
Class Name,Instructor Name
To integrate the two major behavioral aspects of the leader, task and relationship, in order to influence subordinates to reach a predefined goal.
Develop a “style” for effective leadership.
Focus is on the behavior of the individual in terms of what leaders do and how they act.
Concentration on the integration of task (initiating) and relationship (consideration) behavior to influence others to reach their goals.
Maximize the impact on the satisfaction and performance of followers.
9 1, 9 9,9
8 Country Club Team
O 5 5, 5
P 4 Middle
E 2 Impoverished Authority-Compliance
1 1,1 9,1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
R E S U L T S
Suggests that leaders should modify their behavioral style in order to increase their effectiveness
People sometimes use different styles just to get what they want at that point in time
Trade-off between task and relationship is not the same for all situations
Employee satisfaction is not always the best measurement of leadership
What leaders do (not who they are)
Universal theories of leadership:
Most effective 9,9—both task- and relationship-oriented
Most effective when leader changes the situation rather than adapting to it
Began to blend with situational and contingency theories, which emphasize environmental variables over the leader’s behavior style
The two dimensions of behavior: consideration and structure were tested in military leadership environments
Crew members’ satisfaction with their commanders during training was positively related to consideration and negatively related to structure
Supervisors viewed the commanders more positively if they were high on structure and low in consideration
Crew members felt more effective when their commanders scored high in both consideration and structure
Supervisors of the commanders again were more positively oriented towards commanders high in structure
Military groups tend to be more cohesive when their leaders score high in both consideration and structure—however:
They remained skeptical that either measure was highly related to effectiveness of accomplishing organizational goals
Studied relationship between police dispatchers and their supervisors
Effective communication was best facilitated when the subordinated felt they received social support from their supervisors—therefore, they responded better to managers whose style was high on the relationship-oriented continuum