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Bill Harrison New Jersey Chapter February 3, 2009. Challenges. Energy – cost and availability Food – cost and availability Protecting the environment. ASHRAE. 52,000 members in 130 countries 170 chapters in 24 countries Associate Societies in 32 countries

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Bill HarrisonNew Jersey ChapterFebruary 3, 2009


Challenges l.jpg
Challenges

  • Energy – cost and availability

  • Food – cost and availability

  • Protecting the environment


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ASHRAE

  • 52,000 members in 130 countries

  • 170 chapters in 24 countries

  • Associate Societies in 32 countries

  • 2500 members active on committees


Energy l.jpg
Energy

  • Cost and availability

    • IEA: $100 / Barrel till 2015; $120 till 2030

  • End use in developed economies

    • Buildings – 40%

    • Transportation 28%

    • Industry 32%

  • Coal and oil primary energy sources

  • 45% Growth between 2006 and 2030


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Food

  • Cost

    • Energy driven costs

    • Spoilage

  • Availability

    • Cost and spoilage

    • Foodstock diversion

  • Refrigeration – large energy consumer


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Environment

  • Buildings use 70% of electricity

  • Extensive emissions from generation

  • Water use for generation

  • 45% Emissions growth 2006 to 2030


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ASHRAE Strategic Plan

  • Strategic Direction # 1

    ASHRAE will lead the advancement of sustainable building design and operation

  • 2007-2008 Focus on design

  • 2008-2009 Focus on operation


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Energy Waste

A Real Problem… A Real Opportunity


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Sustainability for ASHRAE

Energy Efficiency

And

Healthy and Productive Indoor Environments


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Improved Operating Strategies

  • Energy Systems Lab - Texas A & M– Save 10% to 40% energy

  • WEF: 17% Internal rate of return for energy efficiency upgrades

  • Not product centered

  • Software and expert knowledge focused

  • Limited knowledge distribution


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Improved Operating Strategies

  • Lack of standardization

  • Minor changes use major energy

  • Wrong incentives for operators

  • No training programs


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Sustainability Challenge

  • Six of top ten energy measures under control of architects

  • Integrated Building Design process essential

  • Communication - collaboration

  • “First Cost” mentality

  • Engineers: evil enablers


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Owner Issues

  • Life Cycle Costing

  • Equipment room sizing

  • Engineers need to deliver energy message

  • Energy cost implications

  • Building Commissioning


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The Path to a Net Zero Building

cash flow

Lease Costs (or Finance Costs)

utility bills

1

2

Total Annual Costs ($/year)

0

0%

100%

Source Energy Savings (%)


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The Path to a Net Zero Building

cash flow

Lease Costs (or Finance Costs)

utility bills

1

Total Annual Costs ($/year)

3

2

0

0%

100%

Source Energy Savings (%)


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The Path to a Net Zero Building

4

cash flow

Lease Costs (or Finance Costs)

utility bills

1

Total Annual Costs ($/year)

3

2

0

100%

0%

Source Energy Savings (%)


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Owner Organizations

  • Building Owners and Managers Association

  • International Facility Management Association

  • APPA – The Association of Higher Education Facility Executives


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Operator Training

  • Local chapter program

  • HVAC fundamentals

  • High performance products and systems

  • 1980’s training produces 1980 results


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High Performance Building Design

Energy Modeling

Building Narrative


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High Performance Building Design

A larger budget for planning and design produces lower construction costs and lower operating costs


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The Cost of Owning HVAC

  • Capital costs

  • Utility costs

  • Repair costs

  • Replacement costs

  • Maintenance costs


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Maintenance Plans

  • ASHRAE Guideline 4 – 2008

    • Preparation of Operating and Maintenance Documentation for Building Systems

  • CIBSE Guide M – 2008

    • Maintenance Engineering and Management

  • Must include energy budgets and energy reporting


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Energy Conserving Strategies

  • Envelope testing

    • Pressure tests

    • Infrared Scans

  • Return to design conditions

  • Scheduling review


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The Buildings Business

  • Largest user primary energy

  • Improved building operations

    • 10% to 40% energy savings

  • Local educational programs by ASHRAE chapters

  • Keep our green buildings green


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ASHRAE’s Role

  • Net zero design guidance by 2015

  • Building Energy Labeling

  • Reduce energy in existing buildings

  • Affordable and maintainable refrigeration systems

  • Efficient refrigeration systems


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ASHRAE Chapter Actions

  • Schedule a meeting with local owner organizations

    • Integrated Building Design

    • High performance design costs more

    • Keep your Green Buildings Green

  • Get comfortable with building energy benchmarks:“What’s your EUI?”

  • Walk the talk – how is your building being operated?


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The Cost of Being Green

  • Energy Efficiency - $170 Billion

  • Smart Grid - $8.6 Trillion

  • Energy Storage - $180 per Megawatt hour

  • Carbon Capture and Sequestration - $ ???

  • $450 - $600 Billion per year until 2030

  • Priced carbon emissions - $???

    Estimates for global mitigation from “Green Investing” - 2009 WEF


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Global CO2 Emissions

  • 2008: 30 Billion Metric Tons

  • 2030: 42 Billion Metric Tons