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A Peer Group Approach to Building Life Skills. Leona L. Eggert and Liela J. Nicholas, Developers. Reconnecting. Youth. A Peer Group Approach to Building Life Skills. Leona L. Eggert and Liela J. Nicholas, Developers.

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slide1

A Peer Group Approach to Building Life Skills

Leona L. Eggert and Liela J. Nicholas, Developers

Reconnecting

Youth

A Peer Group Approach to Building Life Skills

Leona L. Eggert and Liela J. Nicholas, Developers

Funded by the National Institutes of Health: NIDA, NIMHand the Dept. of Education, Safe & Drug Free Schools

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide2

What is Indicated Prevention?

Three Types of Prevention Programs:

Universal

ServeEveryone inPopulation

Selective

ServeHigh Risk Groups

Indicated

ServeHigh Risk Individuals

Indicated

Target:High-Risk Individuals

Low Risk

High Risk

Potential high school dropouts are a known group of high-risk youth

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide3

What is RY?

RY is an‘Indicated’prevention program for

‘high risk students,’whoevidence risk factors in four critical areas:

School

Peers

Personal

Family

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide4

RY Program Strategies

RY prevention program strategies address the risk factors in each of the four key areas:

School

Peers

Personal

Family

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide5

School System Strategies

  • 1. Setting norms for:  attendance,
  •  achievement,  drug use at school and  mood management
  • 2. Establishing an adult and peer network of support for all
  • Fostering school bonding and
  • engagement in school activities

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide6

Personal Strategies

1. Skills Training

– setting goals, decision making

– giving and receiving feedback

– interpersonal skills

2. Self-monitoring

– school attendance, grades

– moods and drug use

3. School Engagement

– safe and drug-free social activities – engaging in school activities

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide7

Peer Group Strategies

  • 1. Norm setting in RY class to commit to the program goals
  • A positive peer group;
  • giving each other
  • support and help

3. Group belonging in RY class

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide8

Family Strategies

1. Getting active parentalconsent for student’senrollment in RY class

2. Parent support of RY goals

3. Enhancing RY teacher/parent communication

4. Sending home positive messages about RYstudent

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide9

RY Program Goals

1. Increase school performance

2. Decrease drug involvement

3. Decrease suicide risk behaviors

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide10

The RY Class

  • 1. Meets daily – or on a block schedule
    • for a full semester
    • as part of the high school curriculum
    • is taken for credit and graded
  • 2. Taught by an RY Co. trained teacher who excels in working with high-risk youth
  • 3. Is limited to a 10 – 12 student class size
  • 4. Focuses on skills training within the context of adult and peer support

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide11

RY Curriculum Units

1. Getting Started ― First 10 Days

2. Self-Esteem Enhancement

3. Decision Making

4. Personal Control

5. Interpersonal Communication

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide12

RY Students

A search of the school’s roster using the researched criteria below will create a list of at risk students.

  • Find students who:
  • are behind in credits for grade level &
  • are in the top 25th %-ile for absences &
  • have a GPA < 2.3 or a precipitous drop in grades, OR ...
  • have a prior dropout status, or
  • are referred by school personnel & meet 1 or more of the first three criteria

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA

slide13

Increased

SchoolPerformance

Decreased

Drug Involvement

Decreased

Suicide RiskBehaviors

RY Components & Outcomes

Program Components Mediators Outcomes

RY Leader Support

Peer Group Support

RY Teacher Support

IncreasedPersonalCompetencies

and

RY Skills Training

Monitoring

IncreasedSocial SupportResources

School Bonding & Healthy Social Activities

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide14

Program Goal 1: To Increase School Performance

O

U

T

C

O

M

E

S

Demonstrated results for RY include:

18%  in GPA in all classes (6%  for controls)

7.5%  in number of credits earned (24%  for controls)

Absences curbed (increased for controls)

14% lower dropout rate vs. controls

RY Leader support influenced increases, whereas peer group support had no effect

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide15

Program Goal 2: To Decrease Drug Involvement

O

U

T

C

O

M

E

S

Demonstrated results for RY include:

7%  in drug involvement (14% for controls)

50%  in hard drug use (45%  for controls)

48%  in drug use control problems & neg. consequences (3% for controls)

Curbed progression of alcohol & other drug use

RY Leader support influenced decreased drug involvement

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide16

Program Goal 3: To Decrease Suicide Risk Behaviors

O

U

T

C

O

M

E

S

Demonstrated results for RY include:

80% suicidal behaviors (80%for control group who got same crisis help/support)

75% in depression & hopelessness (24%  for controls)

48% in anger control problems (3% for controls)

38% perceived stress (10% for controls)

RY Leader & peer group support influenced the above decreases by enhancing the youths’ sense of personal control

 RYTM Inc. Redmond, WA

slide17

Reconnecting Youth is an award-winning, program with proven efficacy in helping high-risk youth achieve in school and decrease drug use, anger, depression & suicidal behaviors.

SAMHSA awarded RY ‘Model Program’ status for drug abuse prevention.The SPRC named RY a ‘promising program’ for preventing youth suicidal behaviors and many related risks.DOE, the White House, NIDA, NIMH, Prevention Strategies and others have recognized RY as one of the U.S.’s top 10 research-based prevention efforts with proven success.

 RYTMInc, Redmond, WA