American Revolution Outcome 1 ( America – 1763-1776). HTAV Student Lectures – 26 March 2012 Nick Frigo – Santa Maria College. Outcome 1 ( America – 1763- 1776)
HTAV Student Lectures – 26 March 2012
Nick Frigo – Santa Maria College
On completion of this unit the student should be able to evaluate the role of ideas, leaders, movements and events in the development of the revolution.
“. . . And we require all persons whatsoever, who have either wilfully or inadvertently seated themselves upon the lands . . . Above described . . . Forthwith to remove themselves from such settlements . . . and to the end that the Indians may be convinced of our justice . . . “ – Proclamation Act 1763.
Imposed duties on foreign sugar and
and enforced customs duties.
“but duties as high as are laid by this Act, cannot by any means . . . Be collected, being vastly greater than the trade itself can possibly bear . . . “ – Stephen Hopkins, Governor of Rhode Island.
“The Sugar Act (Grenville’s American revenue Act) was parliaments first law for the specific purpose of raising money in the colonies”
Meant a tax on: legal documents, business contracts, licenses, land deeds, newspapers, journal and playing cards.
How can it be reconciled that the “colonies, who are without one representative in the House of Commons, should be taxed by the British Parliament.” – James Otis, “The Rights of the British Colonists asserted and Proved”, July 1764
“Through this Act, the British were taxing the colonial population to pay for the French war, in which colonists had suffered to expand the British Empire.” – Howard Zinn, A People’s History of the US., p. 61.
** Reason – British Action – Colonial Reaction – British Response . . .
Taxed items that had to be imported: paint, tea, glass, paper - Colonists responded by attempted to lessen the use of such items (boycott).
Contemporary Letter: “Another Act of Parliament which appears to me to be unconstitutional and as destructive to liberty of these colonies.” – Letters from a Farmer