FRE.NCH REVOLUTION 1789-1791. I. “Old Regime” ( anciem regime). Medieval “estates” system outdated 1 st Est.- clergy 2 nd Est.- nobility 3 rd Est.- everyone else: 95% (mostly peasants) Peasants bore most of tax burden corvee : unpaid labor to repair roads
Louis XIV “Sun King” (r.1638-1715)
What are the most obvious features of this painting?Where is the emphasis and how is it illustrated?What do you think the “light” coming in through the window and shining on the central figure represents?Who do you think the three figures in the front coming together represent?
The “fleur de lis” was the symbol of the House of Bourbon. The symbol of the Revolution was the French tri-color. It would become a symbol of the rising French nationalism, especially under Napoleon.
Can you read French? You don’t really need to be an expert to figure this out:“Liberty, equality, brotherhood” was the motto of the Revolution.However, while “liberty” was stressed in America: allow everyone to live freely apart from the tyranny of a strong gov’t, in France, the emphasis was on “equality”. That is, let’s MAKE everyone equal. Anyone who dressed like a noble had good reason to fear for their lives, because “equality” was forced, in a way. Look at the blue strip on the flag on the left. What does it say? “Terreur”These men are the san culottes (literally without knee-breeches). It was a social statement of solidarity with the Revolution because it was the nobility who had always worn knee-breeches