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The fall of the roman empire

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Chapter 6 Section 4. The fall of the roman empire. Vocab. Inflation Mercenary Diocletian Constantinople Attila. A Century of Crisis. Rome’s Economy Weakens (3 rd century AD) Outlying tribes and pirates disrupt trade

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  • Inflation
  • Mercenary
  • Diocletian
  • Constantinople
  • Attila
a century of crisis
A Century of Crisis
  • Rome’s Economy Weakens (3rd century AD)
    • Outlying tribes and pirates disrupt trade
    • Failure to continue expansion left Rome needing new source of gold and silver
      • Minted more money with same amount of silver, led to inflation.
    • Food shortages due to over worked and destroyed farm land
a century of crisis1
A Century of Crisis
  • Military and Political Turmoil
    • Over time the Roman government resorted to recruiting mercenaries, to defend the empire
      • Made less than a Roman soldier, had little loyalty to the empire
    • Citizens of Rome lost their loyalty
      • At one time would give their lives for the republic, now are indifferent to the empire’s fate….
emperors attempt reform
Emperors Attempt Reform
  • Diocletian reforms:
    • Becomes Emperor in 284 AD
    • Strong ruler; limited personal freedoms and restored order to empire
    • Doubled size of Roman army; controlled inflation with fixed prices on goods
    • Claimed to be a direct descendent of the Gods
emperors attempt reform1
Emperors Attempt Reform
  • Diocletian Reforms:
    • Split the Empire in two
      • Realizes the empire has become too large
      • Splits into the Greek and Latin speaking empires
      • Greek: Eastern(Greece, Anatolia, Syria,Egypt)
      • Latin: Western (Italy, Gaul, Britain, Spain)
      • Diocletian controls the East, much wealthier than the West
      • Diocletian retires in 305 AD.
emperors attempt reform2
Emperors Attempt Reform
  • Constantine Moves the Capital:
    • Constantine gains control of the Western Empire in 312 AD
    • 324 he gains control of the Eastern Empire as well, restoring single rule to the empire
    • 330 he moves Rome’s capital to the Greek city of Byzantium
    • Sits on the Bosporus Strait, trade and defensive purposes
emperors attempt reform3
Emperors Attempt Reform
  • Constantine Moves the Capital
    • Center of power in the empire shifted
    • New capital was surrounded with high walls
    • Took new name Constantinople
the western empire crumbles
The Western Empire Crumbles
  • Germanic Invasions
    • Germanic tribes have lived on Rome’s northern border in relative peace since the time of Julius Caesar
    • 370 AD Germanic tribes are pushing further and further into Gaul…..why????
western empire crumbles
Western Empire Crumbles
  • Germanic Tribes
    • Group of Mongol nomads, the Huns, from central Asia came into the area and were destroying everything in their paths
    • Germanic tribes moved into Rome to get away from the Huns
western empire crumbles1
Western Empire Crumbles
  • Attila the Hun:
    • 444 AD Attlia, unites the Huns and launches an assault on Rome
    • He attacked both the Eastern and Western Empires, in the East he destroyed nearly 70 cities
    • Unable to conquer Rome itself due to famine and disease, Rome’s troubles did not end with his death in 453 AD
western empire crumbles2
Western Empire Crumbles
  • An Empire No More:
    • Rome’s last emperor was Romulus Augustus (14 yrs old)
    • 476 he was defeated by the Germanic tribes.
    • No other emperor would rule the Western Empire
    • However; the Eastern half which became known as the Byzantine Empire flourished for more than a 1,000 yrs after the fall of the west.