SAFE HANDLING OF PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS. Safety Handling of Precast Concrete Products. The lifting of any precast product requires the use of special equipment and substantial planning and knowledge.
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OSHA Standard 1910.179
1.Operators must be trained and designated by the company;
2. Rated Load of the Crane must be plainly marked on each side of the crane, legible from the working level;
NEVER EXCEED THE LOAD RATING!!!!
4. Periodic Inspection – documented, visual inspection by appointed person who makes records of apparent external conditions to provide the basis for a continuing evaluation.
Normal service - Annual;
Heavy service - Semi-Annual;
Severe service - Quarterly;
4. Periodic Inspection(cont)
- All components such as loose bolts or rivets, worn sheaves or drums, cracked or distorted parts, excessive wear, etc.
NOTE: The inspector will determine if disassembly is warranted by visual conditions noted during inspection.
OSHA STANDARD 1910.178
Powered Industrial Trucks
Lifting Anchors and Shackles – Lift pins, utility anchors, cable hooks, etc.
Four pins cast into product
Does not require a shackle, but requires a larger edge clearance to embed the anchor into the structure.
NOTE: Chain rubbing concrete may cause damage to chain and concrete.
Requires concrete around anchor
Pictured are utility anchors
Rigging Equipment – Lifting Bars, Straps, Chains, Cables, Slings, Hooks, Clevises, etc.
(1) Welded alloy steel chain slings shall have permanently affixed durable identification stating size, grade, rated capacity, and sling manufacturer.
Such tags require wire brushing on occasion for visibility of markings
1. Excessive Wear (Max 10% reduction allowable or 2 critical areas with 5% reduction). Check at load bearing points;
2. Throat Opening (Max increase of 15%);
3. Twisting (Max 10 degrees from unbent hook plane) and Deformation;
4. Cracks, Nicks, Gouges;
5. Evidence of Heat Damage.
Required on Load Block Hooks, Hoists and Chain Falls.
Paint To Paint = 1 Lay
Strands in the wire rope are the individual groups of wires that rotate around the center.
Remove from service if:
10 randomly broken wires in one rope lay
5 wires in one strand in one rope lay
90 degree angle
NOTE: The Working Load Limit of a Triple Chain Sling and Quad Sling is 50% more than a double chain sling of the same grade and link size and equal distribution on each leg (based on center of gravity).
Reduction of Working Load with
Varying Lifting Angle
Percentage shown are of the maximum
Working Load Limit of chain
Load Limit of a
Load Limit of chain
affect working loads