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TIMEBOMB. One person asks a question to someone based on what we have studied then throws it to someone. That person then has to answer, think of a question and throw it on. When the clock hits zero the bomb goes off and that person is ELIMINATED!!!!. Conscience in the Early Church. Agenda…

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Presentation Transcript
timebomb
TIMEBOMB
  • One person asks a question to someone based on what we have studied then throws it to someone. That person then has to answer, think of a question and throw it on. When the clock hits zero the bomb goes off and that person is ELIMINATED!!!!
conscience in the early church
Conscience in the Early Church
  • Agenda…
  • To understand the foundations of the Early Church development of conscience, including the letters of St. Paul
  • To consider the disputes and differences in Early Church approaches with particular focus on Augustine
  • HWK – Research Eastern developments of the idea of the conscience
1 biblical foundations
1 – Biblical Foundations
  • Nothing in Gospels
  • Letters of St. Paul – 27 times
  • Sees it as the difference between good and evil.
  • ‘The Law is written on our hearts’
  • Conscience can be weak and may be mistaken (Corinithans)
2 clement of alexandria 150ad
2 – Clement of Alexandria (150AD)
  • Clement of Alexandria (150-215) was the first Christian to argue that by use of human reason alone it was possible to work out what was morally right or wrong and that this was compatible with the Christian revelation.
3 influence of ancient greeks
3 – Influence of Ancient Greeks
  • Idea of conscience (deciding right from wrong) based on reason alone came from Plato and Aristotle.
4 early schism
4 – Early Schism
  • Some felt that conscience could be based on reason alone. Others maintained importance of revelation (scripture and prayer).
  • Why does this matter?
  • If it is based on reason, everyone can act rightly without accepting God, diminishing importance of Revelation and allowing Universal Salvation.
5 the difficult second disagreement
5 – The Difficult Second Disagreement
  • If we are trying to work out how to act, what does this mean?
  • 1 – Right Conduct is discerned using intuition.
  • 2 – Right Conduct is discerned using rational thought.
6 st jerome 350ad
6 – St. Jerome (350AD)
  • Intuitionist
  • …’the spark of conscience …with which we discern that we sin.’
7 st augustine 354ad
7 - St. Augustine (354AD)
  • Agreed with St. Jerome
  • Conscience innate and placed in our hearts by God.
  • Being virtuous is not enough…we must be directed by God’s grace.
  • Without God’s grace, we cannot be good (deterministic)
8 st augustine 354ad
8 - St. Augustine (354AD)
  • Conscience is not identified by action but by motive.
  • Only good motive is to love God.
  • ‘To live well is nothing other than to love God with all one’s heart, soul and mind.’
9 pelagius
9 – Pelagius
  • Massive critic of Augustine. We can decide for ourselves what is good and bad (Augustine says we cannot do this without sola gratia).
  • Church Council sided with Augustine’s view That only Christians possess this grace
summary
Summary
  • Understood the following…Sola gratia, st.paul, reason, intuition, clement of Alexandria, scriptura, revelation, right conduct, st. Jerome, Pelagius, Augustine
  • Let’s see…MEMORY then scattergraph game
  • http://quizlet.com/33794267/scatter