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Treaties, Conflict and Reservations: US Policy Towards Indians in the late 1800s. US History: Spiconardi . Government Policy. The government had treated Indians as a foreign nation By the 1870s, the government began to treat Indians as they did African-Americans & immigrants

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treaties conflict and reservations us policy towards indians in the late 1800s

Treaties, Conflict and Reservations: US Policy Towards Indians in the late 1800s

US History: Spiconardi

government policy
Government Policy
  • The government had treated Indians as a foreign nation
  • By the 1870s, the government began to treat Indians as they did African-Americans & immigrants
    • Wanted to Americanize and “civilize” through education
government policy1
Government Policy
  • Reservations
    • American believed the best way to civilize the Indian was by forcing him on a reservation
      • Reservation  land set aside by the federal government for Indians to live on
    • Government promised to protect from white encroachment
    • Government agreed to provide food, clothing, and other necessities.
little bighorn
Little Bighorn

Chief Sitting Bull

Gen. George Custer

reforms
Reforms
  • The Dawes Act
    • US reversed reservation policy
    • Federal government would grant individual Indians 160 acres of land and citizenship (after 25 years), if they abandoned tribal ways
    • An attempt to further assimilate Indians
      • In essence: Give up your culture for land
      • Very few Indians accepted the terms of the Dawes Act
reforms2
Reforms
  • Schools were set up to teach Indian children American values
    • Most children returned to reservations demoralized
impact
Impact
  • Indians who refused to live on reservations were forced to sell their lands
    • Indian land holdings decreased from
      • 138 million acres in 1887 to
      • 52 million acres in 1930
  • Indians lost identity
  • Life on reservations
    • High unemployment
    • High rates of alcoholism
    • High crime and poverty rates