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Fire Ground Survival Emergency SCBA Operations & Mayday Procedures. The major causes of firefighter fatalities inside structure fires are:. Lost inside the structure Structural collapse Fire progress (including back draft and flashover)
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The major causes of firefighter fatalities inside structure fires are: • Lost inside the structure • Structural collapse • Fire progress (including back draft and flashover) • Most fatalities are due to running out of air (smoke inhalation)
Are we prepared if we are lost, trapped, or separated from our crew? Practical Drills • Mayday Procedures/Fire Ground Survival • SCBA Emergency Operations • Firefighter Rescue
NIOSH RecommendationsMayday Procedure • Transmit a distress signal • Activate PASS device • Conserve air • Stay calm and avoid unnecessary physical activity • Determine potential escape routes • Stay in radio contact • Flashlight toward the ceiling • Make tapping noises with a tool on the floor or wall
“GRAB LIVES” Procedure • G – Gauge (check air) • R – Radio (mayday) • A – Activate (pass) • B – Breathing (control) • L – Low (stay low) • I – Illuminate (flashlight) • V – Volume (make noise) • E – Exit (find an exit) • S – Shield Airway (hood or glove)
Radio “Mayday” • Use communications model to get IC’s attention • Radio “Mayday, Mayday, Mayday, Command from Engine 1” • IC will clear the air for emergency traffic for the Mayday
Radio “Mayday” • Radio your Name, Unit #, and your PLAN • P – Problem • L – Location • A – Air • N – Needs • “This is Firefighter Jones from Engine 1. I’m separated from my crew. I’m in a closet in the basement. My air is1500. I need a crew to lead me out.”
Mayday Procedures • IC will activate the RIT/RIC to location • IC will also notify interior crews to search for the missing FF or crew • IC will instruct the missing FF or crew to activate PASS, turn on flashlight, and make noise
EMER Button • Only use the EMER Button if you cannot verbally report a Mayday • EMER activation will be treated as a Mayday • Takes the user to an EMER talk group • Comm. Center notifies IC and attempts to contact the user
5 Reasons to Call a Firefighter Emergency/MAYDAY • Separated from Crew or “Lost” • SCBA Malfunction or Low Air • Injured or Disabled • Trapped, Pinned, or Entangled in Debris • Any life threatening condition that cannot be resolved in 30 seconds
Rule of Air Management (ROAM) • Know how much air you have in your SCBA • Manage your air so that you leave the hazardous environment BEFORE your low air alarm activates • Report “Team Air” with your CANA radio reports
Practical Skills • Mayday Procedures/Fire Ground Survival • Emergency SCBA Operations • Firefighter Rescue See you there!