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Are you making the most of your estates data?. Oliver Gibson, IPD Occupiers. Agenda. EMS and IPD Occupiers Gathering evidence Cost benchmarks Space benchmarks Environment benchmarks Barriers to change . EMS & IPD Occupiers. Who are IPD Occupiers?.

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agenda
Agenda
  • EMS and IPD Occupiers
  • Gathering evidence
  • Cost benchmarks
  • Space benchmarks
  • Environment benchmarks
  • Barriers to change
who are ipd occupiers
Who are IPD Occupiers?
  • Part of IPD (Investment Property Databank)
    • World leaders in property performance measurement
    • IPD Index published in 23 countries worldwide
    • Awarded the Queen’s Award for Export Achievement in 2005
  • IPD Occupiers
    • Benchmark +/- 25% of UK office space
    • Entire UK civil estate through contract with the OGC
    • Also developing services internationally
  • UK Education Sector
    • EMS (Estates Management Statistics) project in HE since 1998
      • 99% UK coverage for 2007/08 academic year
    • eMandate (Estates Management Data Exchange) in FE since 2006
      • 98% GB coverage for 2007/08 academic year
    • Strategy reporting, training, data services
from data to wisdom ackoff 1989
From data to wisdom (Ackoff 1989)

The first three categories relate to the past as they deal with what has been or what is known. Only the last category, wisdom, deals with the future because it incorporates vision and design. With wisdom, people can create the future rather than just grasp the present and past.

Evaluated knowledge

WISDOM

Understanding principles

Applied information

KNOWLEDGE

Connectedness

Understanding patterns

Processed data

INFORMATION

Understanding relations

DATA

Understanding

characteristics of an average hei
Characteristics of an ‘average’ HEI
  • Huge diversity in the sector e.g. Open University, Royal Agricultural College, Royal Academy of Music etc.
  • There is no such thing as an ‘average’ higher education institution
  • However, if there were it might have the following characteristics:
    • Non-residential income of approx £140m per year
      • of which 15% relates to research
    • Have 9,700 FTE students
      • of which 5% are research students
    • 4 non-residential sites in a mixture of urban and semi-urban (campus) settings
    • 8% listed buildings
    • 19% of estate built before 1940 (non-residential)
    • 26% of estate built since 1980 (non-residential)
the broad context
The Broad Context

* HEFCE, Sustainable Development in Higher Education (February 2009)

total property cost as a of total institutional income
Total Property Cost as a % of Total Institutional Income

‘Poor’ HEI spends 13.4% of its income on its estate

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI spends 10.5% of its income of its estate

‘Average’ HEI spends 9.4% of its income on its estate

‘Best Quartile’ HEI spends 8.1% of its income on its estate

‘Exceptional’ HEI spends 5.7% of its income on its estate

Source: EMS Statistics

total property cost per student fte whole estate
Total Property Cost per Student FTE (Whole Estate)

‘Poor’ HEI spends £3,259 per student FTE

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI spends £1,614 per student FTE

‘Average’ HEI spends £1,060 per student FTE

‘Best Quartile’ HEI spends £793 per student FTE

‘Exceptional’ HEI spends £623 per student FTE

Source: EMS Statistics

total property cost per m net internal area nia
Total Property Cost per m² Net Internal Area (NIA)

‘Poor’ HEI spends £170 per m² Net Internal Area

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI spends £124 per m² Net Internal Area

‘Average’ HEI spends £105 per m² Net Internal Area

‘Best Quartile’ HEI spends £94 per m² Net Internal Area

‘Exceptional’ HEI spends £72 per m² Net Internal Area

Source: EMS Statistics

key cost drivers
Key Cost Drivers
  • Mix of courses
    • High research = high cost
  • Geographical location
    • Variable cost bases
  • Age profile of buildings
    • Legacy issues
    • % listed buildings
  • Building condition
    • Maintenance ‘straightjacket’
  • Management effectiveness
    • Cost control
    • Space management
    • Quality of procurement

Appropriate peer group analysis is critical to obtain true picture

total non residential nia per student fte
Total Non-residential NIA per Student FTE

‘Poor’ HEI provides 21.1m² per student FTE

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI provides 11.5m² per student FTE

‘Average’ HEI provides 7.7m² per student FTE

‘Best Quartile’ HEI provides 5.7m² per student FTE

‘Exceptional’ HEI provides 4.5m² per student FTE

Source: EMS Statistics

academic nia per student fte
Academic NIA per Student FTE

‘Poor’ HEI provides 13.5m² per student FTE

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI provides 6.7m² per student FTE

‘Average’ HEI provides 4.3m² per student FTE

‘Best Quartile’ HEI provides 3.3m² per student FTE

‘Exceptional’ HEI provides 2.6m² per student FTE

Source: EMS Statistics

teaching room utilisation rate
Teaching Room Utilisation Rate

‘Poor’ HEI provides has a utilisation rate of 14.7%

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI has a utilisation rate of 20.1%

‘Average’ HEI has a utilisation rate of 26.2%

‘Best Quartile’ HEI has a utilisation rate of 36.6%

‘Exceptional’ HEI has a utilisation rate of 60.7%

Source: EMS Statistics

office space per fte
Office space per FTE

Sources: IPD Occupiers Corporate Real Estate Trends 2008 and EMS Statistics 2007-2008

office support space
Office Support Space

Social space

Meeting space

The true HE picture could be as much as 20m² of office space per staff FTE

Learning space (support)

Office space (support)

Catering space

Technical space

key space efficiency drivers
Key Space Efficiency Drivers
  • Mix of courses
    • High research = high space demand (ratio approx 5:1, the same as income)
  • Physical location
    • Space more scarce in urban environments
  • Profile of buildings
    • % of cellular/open plan space
    • % older/listed buildings
  • Management effectiveness
    • Space management

Appropriate peer group analysis is critical to obtain true picture

total energy consumption kwh per student fte
Total Energy Consumption (kWh) per Student FTE

‘Poor’ HEI consumes 10,600kWh per student FTE

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI consumes 6,776kWh per student FTE

‘Average’ HEI consumes 3,817kWh per student FTE

‘Best Quartile’ HEI consumes 2,499kWh per student FTE

‘Exceptional’ HEI consumes 1,732kWh per student FTE

Source: EMS Statistics

total water consumption m per student fte
Total Water Consumption (m³) per Student FTE

‘Poor’ HEI consumes 39.9m³ per student FTE

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI consumes 21.9m³ per student FTE

‘Average’ HEI consumes 11.9m³ per student FTE

‘Best Quartile’ HEI consumes 7.3m³ per student FTE

‘Exceptional’ HEI consumes 4.7m³ per student FTE

Source: EMS Statistics

waste mass tonnes per student fte
Waste Mass (tonnes) per Student FTE

‘Poor’ HEI produces 0.49 tonnes per student FTE

‘Worst Quartile’ HEI produces 0.21 tonnes per student FTE

‘Average’ HEI produces 0.13 tonnes per student FTE

‘Best Quartile’ HEI produces 0.07 tonnes per student FTE

‘Exceptional’ HEI produces 0.03 tonnes per student FTE

Source: EMS Statistics

environmental drivers
Environmental Drivers

Mix of courses

    • High research = high energy demand
  • Profile of buildings
    • % older/listed buildings
  • Management effectiveness
    • Environmental management
  • Building features
  • Human behaviour
  • Use of renewables …

Appropriate peer group analysis is critical to obtain true picture

barriers to change1
Barriers to change
  • Legacy estate
    • Too big?
    • High proportion of old/listed buildings
    • High proportion of cellular space
    • Disrepair ‘straightjacket’
    • High proportion of freehold space
    • Inflexible, specialised spaces (unlike offices)
  • Existing culture/working practice
    • Informal contracts
    • Shared spaces
    • Management approach
a couple of anonymous quotes regarding he office space
A couple of (anonymous) quotes regarding HE office space
  • “My academic colleagues need their own offices: otherwise if they were in an open plan office people would realise how often they were not there.”
  • “Academic offices are viewed as part of an informal contract: institutions can’t afford to pay their staff very much, but at least they can tell them that at interview that they will get their own offices.”

‘Average’ HEI spends £105 per m² Net Internal Area – by not having your own office and saving 5m² of space your institution could afford to pay you £500 more a year.

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Some institutions should consider carefully whether they can continue to afford to spend as much as they do currently on their estates
  • There appears to be some scope for cost reduction, but much greater scope for space rationalisation, particularly office space
  • Great strides have been made with regard to the environment but there is still a long way to go