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The Argumentative Essay. Introducing: Argument, the Counterclaim and Rebuttal. What is an Argumentative Essay?. The purpose of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to accept—or seriously consider--your opinion on a controversial issue

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the argumentative essay
The Argumentative Essay

Introducing: Argument, the Counterclaim and Rebuttal

what is an argumentative essay
What is an Argumentative Essay?

The purpose of an argumentative essay is to persuade the reader to accept—or seriously consider--your opinion on a controversial issue

Has three main parts: Claim/Argument/Thesis, Counter Claim, Rebuttal

consider your audience
Consider your Audience

Whom are you trying to reach?

What do they already know about your topic?

What is your relationship with your audience and how does it impact your word choice and tone?

claim argument thesis

Your opinion or position on an issue

Must be supported with evidence

(quotes, facts, data)

Evidence must be explained

counter claim

Consider the opposite side

Argues against your claim

Turn against your argument to challenge it

Then turn back to reaffirm your position

the opposing side
The Opposing Side

Ask these questions:

1. Who might disagree with my position? Why?

2. What reasons do people have for disagreeing with me?

3. What evidence would support an opposing argument?

counter claim1
Counter Claim

Key phrases to use:

One might object that...

It might seem that...

It's true that...


Of course...

rebuttal arguing against opposition
REBUTTAL: arguing against opposition

Key Phrases to use:







CLAIM: “More Americans are choosing low-carb diets because the media promotes low-carb diets as the new way to a skinnier body.”

COUNTER CLAIM: “Some Americans don't watch television commercials because they own a DVR or Tivo.”

REBUTTAL: Nonetheless, most Americans are exposed to other forms of advertisement in magazines, newspapers, and highway billboards.

be cautious
Be Cautious!

It is true that counter arguments enrich argumentative writing

However adding a weak counter claim or overdoing it can cause worse results

in our papers
In our papers:

If my chosen theme was IMMIGRATION, what would be a potential claim and counter claim for my paper?