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Political Parties Chapter 8. How Strong are They?. Political Party Defined Group of People General Agreement on Issues Main Goal is Electing Officials. http://video.google.com/videoplay?docid=7552575396526381856&q=political+parties+animation&total=59&start=10&num=10&so=0&type=search&plindex=5.

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political parties chapter 8

Political PartiesChapter 8

How Strong are They?

political party defined group of people general agreement on issues main goal is electing officials
Political Party DefinedGroup of PeopleGeneral Agreement on IssuesMain Goal is Electing Officials


3 general roles of parties
3 General Roles of Parties
  • Party in the Electorate
  • Party as an Organization
  • Party in the Government
big picture reminder
Big Picture Reminder
  • Formal Institutions
    • Executive Branch
    • Legislative Branch
    • Judicial Branch
  • Linkage Institutions
    • Media
    • Political Parties
    • Elections
    • Interest Groups
party checklist
Party Checklist
  • Recruit Candidates
    • Impact of Primaries
  • Run Campaigns
    • Impact of Television
  • Cue Voters
    • Still #1 identifier in voting
  • Articulate Policy
    • Platforms
  • Coordinate Policy-Making
    • Partisan support
party in the electorate
Party in the Electorate
  • Label
    • 35%, 40%, 25%
  • Rise of Independents
  • Ticket Splitting
    • On the rise
  • Divided Government
    • More often than not
    • Impact
party organization
Party Organization

Fragmented and Decentralized

  • National Committee
    • National Convention and Platform
    • National Committee and National Chairperson



National Convention

Fragmented and Decentralized?


Party Organization

Fragmented and Decentralized

  • State Organization
    • Some states strong, some weak
    • Power in running elections
      • Closed Primary
      • Open Primary
      • Blanket Primary
    • Types of Ballots

Party Organization

Fragmented and Decentralized

  • Local Organization
    • Party Machines
      • Tweed
      • Daley

No longer powerful

party in the government
Party in the Government
  • Nominate Candidates…Or Do They?
  • Therefore- less dedication to the Party once elected
  • Parties are still judged by performance
do promises and platforms become policy
Do Promises and Platforms Become Policy?

Who Said This?

  • “I will not send American boys to do an Asian boy’s job”
  • Promise to Balance the Budget by 1984
  • “Read my lips—no new taxes.”
party history
Party History
  • Party Era
  • Critical Election
  • Party Realignment
first party system
First Party System
  • 1796-1824
  • Federalists
    • New England Merchants
    • Advocates of a Strong Central Government
    • Loose Constructionists
  • Jeffersonian Republicans
    • Farmers
    • States’ Rights
    • Strict Constructionists

Political Notables, Congressional Caucus.


Second Party System

  • 1828-1846
  • Critical Election 1828
  • Democrats
    • Common Man
    • Laissez Faire
  • Whigs
    • Anti-Jackson
    • Government support for Commerce

Van Buren View of Parties


Third Party System

  • 1860-1928
  • Critical Election 1860
  • Democrats
    • The South
  • Republicans
    • The North

Election of 1896- New Coalitions

Republicans- Business interest and NorthEast

Democrats- Farming Interest West and South


Fourth Party System

  • 1932-1964
  • Critical Election 1932
  • Democrats (New Deal Coalition)
    • Urbanites, Labor Unions, Catholics, Jews, poor, Southerners, African Americans, Intellectuals
  • Republicans
    • Business Interests, Upper Class

Current Party System

  • 1968-Present
  • McGovern-Frasier Commission
  • Divided vs. Unified Government
  • Party Dealignment, Party Neutrality
  • Floating Voters
  • Reagan Democrats
  • Current Republicans, More
the two party system
The Two Party System

1)Winner Take All

2)Plurality vs. Proportional voting System


3) Laws Preventing Third Party Success

Under Montana law, independent and minor-party candidates can appear on the general election ballot only if they submit the signatures of 5% of the total votes cast for the successful candidate for the same office in the last general election. A 2007 state law also added a filing fee and moved the petition deadline from June to March - more than 200 days before the election. Major-party candidates, by contrast, do not have to submit any signatures in order to appear on the primary ballot, and they appear on the general election ballot automatically when they win a primary election.

minor parties types
Minor Parties-Types
  • Single Issue
    • Prohibition
  • Ideological
    • Libertarian
  • Splinter
    • Bull Moose, States’ Righters, American Independents,
    • Anderson, Perot, Nader

Minor Parties-Role

  • Bring New Groups into the Electorate
  • Serve as a Safety Valve
  • Create New Ideas that are adopted by other one of the Big Two parties
responsible party model
Responsible Party Model?
  • Parties Must be Distinguishable
      • Are they?
  • Party Candidates must be Committed to the Program
      • Incentive to be committed?
  • Majority Party Implements, Minority Party Critiques and Offers Alternatives
      • Okay
  • Majority Party Accepts Accountability
      • Hmmm…
don t dis the parties
Don’t Dis the Parties
  • Parties still active in the elections.
  • Still play an important role in organization—especially of Congress.

Are Weakened, But Will Not Go Away

The Party Is Not Over

Political Parties will Survive