Foodborne Illness Can Cause More than a Stomach Ache! Foodborne Illness Can Cause More than a Stomach Ache!
Signs and symptoms Fever Diarrhea Upset stomach Dehydration(sometimes severe) Vomiting
Don’t count on these to test for food safety! Sight Taste Smell
Even IF tasting would tell …Why risk getting sick? • A “tiny taste” may not protect you … as few as 10 bacteria could cause some foodborne illnesses!
Why gamble with your health? It takes about ½ hourto 6 weeks to become ill from unsafe foods. You may become sick later even if you feel OK after eating.
Why risk other people’s health? Is the food safe for everyone at the table? Some people have a greater risk for foodborne illnesses. A food you safely eat might make others sick.
People with a higher risk of foodborne illness Infants Young children andolder adults Pregnantwomen People with weakened immune systemsand individuals with certain chronic diseases
Be a winner! Increase your odds of preventing a foodborne illness in YOUR HOME!
Recommendation 1:CLEAN Cleanhands, food-contact surfaces, fruits and vegetables. Do NOT wash or rinse meat and poultry as this could spread bacteria to other foods.
Wash your hands! Hand washing is the most effective way to stop the spread of illness.
How to wash hands • Wet hands with WARM water. • Soap and scrub for 20 seconds. • Rinse under clean, running water. • Dry completely using a clean cloth or paper towel.
Wash hands after … Sneezing, blowing nose & coughing Handling pets Using the toilet orchanging nappies AND before ... Touching a cut or open sore Handling food
Clean during food preparation Wash cutting boards, knives, utensils and counter tops in hot soapy water after preparing each food and before going on to the next.
Avoid spreading bacteria • Use paper towels or clean cloths to wipeup kitchen surfacesor spills. • Wash cloths often in the hot cycle of your washing machine and dry in a hot dryer.
Dirty dishcloths spread bacteria • Wet or damp dishcloths are ideal environments for bacterial growth. • Have a good supply of dishcloths to avoid reusing them before laundry day. There are more germs in the average kitchen than the bathroom. Spongesand dishcloths are worst offenders.~ research by Dr. Charles Gerba
Recommendation 2: SEPARATE Separateraw, cooked, and ready-to-eat foods while shopping, preparing or storing foods.
Use different cutting boards Use one cutting boardfor fresh produce and a separate one for raw meat, poultry and seafood.
When groovy isn’t a good thing Replace cutting boards if they become excessively worn or develop hard-to-clean grooves.
Use clean plates NEVER serve foods on a plate that previously held raw meat, poultry or seafood unless the plate has first been washed in hot, soapy water.
Recommendation 3: COOK Cook foods to a safe temperature to kill micro-organisms.
Chicken and turkey Thermy™ says: Cook chicken and turkey (whole birds, legs, thighs & wings) to 82 degrees C.
Minced meats Thermy™ says: Cook hamburger, minced beef and other minced meats to 71 degrees Cand minced poultry to 74 degrees C.
The ONLY way to know food has been cooked to a safe internal temperature is to use a food thermometer!
Which minced beef patty is cooked to a safe internal temperature? A B Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/therm/researchfs.htm
A B This is NOT a safely cooked hamburger. Though brown inside, it’s undercooked. Research shows some ground beef patties look done at internal temperaturesas low as 57 degrees C. This IS a safely cooked hamburger, cooked to an internal temperatureof 71 degrees C, even though it's pink inside. Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/therm/researchfs.htm
1 out of 4 hamburgers turns brown before it has been cooked to a safe internal temperature Source: United States Department of Agriculture/Food Safety & Inspection Service http://www.pueblo.gsa.gov/cic_text/food/therm/researchfs.htm
Recommendation 4: CHILL Chill (refrigerate) perishable foods promptly and defrost foods properly.
The TWO-hour rule • Refrigerate perishable foods so TOTAL time at room temperature is less than TWO hours or only ONE hour when room temperature is above 32 degrees C. • Perishable foods include: • Meat, poultry, fish, eggs, tofu • Dairy products • Pasta, rice, cooked vegetables • Fresh, peeled/cut fruits and vegetables
DANGER ZONE Bacteria multiply rapidly between 4 and 60°C.
A multiplication quiz Bacteria numbers can double in 20 minutes! How many bacteria will grow from1 BACTERIAleft at room temperature 7 hours?
Answer: 2,097,152! Refrigerate perishable foods within TWO hours.
How to be cool – part 1 • Cool food in shallow containers. Limit depth of food to 2 inches or less. • Place very hot foods on a rack at room temperature for about 20 minutes before refrigeration.
How to be cool – part 2 It’s OK to refrigerate foods while they’re still warm. Leave container cover slightly open until the food has cooled.
Recommended refrigerator & freezer temperatures • Set refrigerator at5 degrees C or below. • Set freezer at-18 degrees C.
The THAW LAW • Plan ahead to defrost foods. • The best way to thaw perishable foods is in the refrigerator.
When to leave your leftovers • Refrigerated leftovers may become unsafe within 3 to 4 days. • If in doubt, toss it out!
Time to toss … "If it walks out, let it go!" ~ seen on a refrigerator magnet
Cleaning fruits & vegetables • Remove and discard outer leaves. • Rinse under clean, running water just before preparing or eating. • Rub briskly – scrubbing with a clean brush or hands – to remove dirt and surface micro-organisms. • Don’t use soap or detergent.
Cleaning fruits & vegetables • After washing, dry with a clean cloth or paper towel. • Moisture left on produce may promote survival and growth of microorganisms. Drying is critical if food won’t be eaten or cooked right away. • Cut away bruised anddamaged areas.
Separate fruits & vegetables from other foods Keep fruits and vegetables separate from raw meat, poultry and seafood while shopping, preparingor storing them.
Read labels Read labels on bagged produce to determine if it is ready-to-eat. Ready-to-eat, pre-washed, bagged produce can be used without further washing if kept refrigerated and used by the “use-by” date.
Dairy do’s and don’ts • Avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or milk products such as some soft cheeses. • Refrigerate dairy foods promptly. Discard dairy foods left at room temperature for more than two hours – even if they look and smell good. Do NOT drink milk directlyfrom the carton.
Avoid washing raw meat & poultry Do NOT wash raw meat and poultry. Washing is not necessary. Washing increases the danger of cross-contamination, spreading bacteria present on the surface of meat and poultry to ready-to-eat foods, kitchen utensils, and counter surfaces.
Refrigerator storage Store raw meat, poultry and seafood on the bottom shelf of the refrigerator so juices don’t drip onto other foods.
Cook to safe temperatures Avoid raw or partially cooked eggs or foods containing raw eggs and raw/undercooked meat and poultry. Scrambled, poached, fried and hard-cooked eggs are safe when cooked so both yolks and whites are firm, not runny.
Let's play ... Keep or Toss
Should you keep or toss … Pizza left on the counter overnight?
Toss it out! Even if you reheat pizza left on the counter overnight, some bacteria can form a heat resistant toxin that cooking won’t destroy.
Should you keep or toss … Beef burger thawed on the kitchen counter?