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MAO’S RED CHINA. THE NEW REVOLUTIONARIES CONQUEST AND EXTERMINATION 1916-1934. The May 4 th Movement. China’s Contribution to WWI – the Labor Battalions Paris Peace Conference and China – Unfair Treatment The May 4 th Movement – Demonstrations in Beijing The New Tide Movement.

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mao s red china





the may 4 th movement
The May 4th Movement
  • China’s Contribution to WWI – the Labor Battalions
  • Paris Peace Conference and China – Unfair Treatment
  • The May 4th Movement – Demonstrations in Beijing
  • The New Tide Movement
the communists and the kuomintang
The Communists and the Kuomintang

The Communists

The Kuomintang

Yatsen’s reorganization of his political party: the Guomindang

National freedom

Democratic government

People’s livelihood

Unite China and fight against foreign influence

Western powers neglected supporting Yatsen’s party.

USSR gave support and sent agents/diplomats to help Yatsen establish a party.

Chinese Communist Party joined Guomindang

Although both parties differed in ideas, why not combine to become stronger?

Michael Borodin and General Galen were sent by Russian government to help Yatsen create a strong enough army to conquer the warlords and the rest of China.

  • Emergence of Communism (foreign idea)
  • 1918: ‘Society for the Study of Marxism’ was established and led to a Chinese Communist Party
the rise of chiang kaishek
The Rise of Chiang Kaishek
  • 1925: Yatsen dies of cancer
  • Chiang Kaishek took his place and became Commander-in-Chief of the new national revolutionary army.
the northern campaign 1926
The Northern Campaign (1926)
  • The Northern campaign (1926)
    • Purpose: to subdue the rival generals
    • In two years, it was capable of outruling the generals in power
    • Kaishek: "Your own life means nothing, you must sacrifice everything for your country and its people."
    • Armies marched to the north
  • March to the North
    • Sent political agents to gain support from people promising “national revolution and a new order in China”.
    • An army captured Hankow, Nanking and estabished governments there.
    • Little fighting
  • Another threat: split into groups
the communist kuomintang split
The Communist-Kuomintang Split
  • Communist-Guomindang conquered all of Southern China, and began influencing North
  • Workers in Shanghai rebelled against the warlords in that area upon the arrival of Kaishek’s army.
  • Zhou Enlai: led the Communists in one of the rebellions
    • Set a communist council to run the city
  • Kaishek army reached Shanghai and took over its streets
    • Killed all the Communists it could find, executed them on the streets, and forced thousands to flee.
  • Communists retreated to the countryside in Jiangxi and Hunan provinces
  • He gained control of the Jiangxi and Hunan provinces, head of Nanking, looked forwards to conquering the rest of China.
  • Alliance between the Chinese Communist Party and the Guomindang was over.
  • Chiang controlled the cities and was head of the government in Nanking, he got ready to conquer the rest of China.
the unification of china 1928
The Unification of China, 1928
  • The Second Northern Campaign, April 1928
  • Chiang Kaishek Makes Alliances with Warlords in North
  • Kuomintang Forces Enter Beijing
  • Creation of the National Government – Chiang Kaishek Ruler
  • Chiang Kaishek Not in Total Control
  • Warlords Rise Against Him – Feng Yuxiang & Yan Xishan
  • Provincial Control Difficult to Fully Claim

When they first capture a person for ransom they first pierce his legs with iron wire, and bind them together as fish are hung on a string. When they returned to their bandit dens, the captives were interrogated and were pricked with sickles to make them tell of hidden property they possessed. If there was the slightest hesitation in answering, they were immediately cut in two at the waist – as a warning to others. Then they compelled the villagers to disclose where was hidden the little store of grain with which they were trying to eke out an existence. This they carried off, leaving the victims to starve. If any of the adults tried to escape the whole family was slaughtered…

In many cases there will be found only 8 or 10 houses left standing in towns that had 400 to 450 just the year before. What has become of the families, no man can tell.

- Official Chinese Report, 1929