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Tropical Sugar beet. IFAD, Rome, November 08, 2007 Dilip Gokhale . Tropical Sugar Beet (TSB) Oncoming Revolution in global Sugar, Ethanol and Alcohol production. Paradigm to Reality.

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Tropical sugar beet

Tropical Sugar beet

IFAD, Rome, November 08, 2007

Dilip Gokhale


Tropical sugar beet tsb oncoming revolution in global sugar ethanol and alcohol production
Tropical Sugar Beet (TSB)Oncoming Revolution in global Sugar, Ethanol and Alcohol production


Paradigm to reality
Paradigm to Reality

For the past two centuries, ever since Napoleon brought sugar beets to North Europe, beets are for ‘temperate climates’ and cane for ‘tropics’

  • After 11 years of research, Syngenta has developed varieties that give the same quantity sugar per land unit (ha or sq meter) as cane in:

  • - Half the time and

  • - With one third the water

  • The key is the choice of right genetics, cultivation practices and development of farmer’s capability

  • TSB will enable national Governments enormous flexibility to increase or decrease sugar, alcohol and ethanol production in five to six months


Tsb economic agronomic aspects
TSB Economic & Agronomic Aspects

  • High yielding

  • Tolerant to high temperature

  • Performing on saline and alkaline soils

  • Drought tolerant

  • Excellent in rotation with most other crops

  • Water saving

  • An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!


Imperial valley california
Imperial valley, California

High yield equal to 130 M.T/ha with 16.5% sugar content

under extremely

Hot conditions with temperatures of 40 c.


Kenana sudan beets sown under a period with a daily max temp of 40 degrees c
Kenana, SudanBeets sown under a period with a daily max. temp. of 40 degrees C


A greenhouse
A ”Greenhouse”

40+ c

  • The good soil-cover createsa suitable climate:

  • High temperature above however,

  • Lower temperature near the ground

  • More CO2

30 c


Excellent growth
Excellent growth

Dongola, Sudan

5 months old beet


Tropical sugar beet

  • High yielding

  • Tolerant to high temperature

  • Performing on saline and acidic soils

  • Drought tolerant

  • Excellent in rotation with most other crops

  • Water saving

  • An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!



Ugar india yield 100 mt ha after partial land reclamation
Ugar, India: Yield : 100 MT/ ha. after partial land reclamation


Ugar sodic soil not reclaimed yield 50 mt ha
Ugar : Sodic soil, not reclaimed. Yield : 50 MT/Ha


Tsb a new but adapted crop which is
TSB: A New but Adapted crop which is:

  • High yielding

  • Tolerant to high temperature

  • Performing on saline and alkaline soils

  • Drought tolerant

  • Excellent in rotation with most other crops

  • Water saving

  • An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!


Landslide in california
Landslide in California

Drought tolerance

due to the deep

root system

Opening the way downto the moisture for following crops in therotation

0……………….1 M……………….2 M..

Sugar beet tap roots


Dongola sudan two months without irrigation
Dongola, Sudan : Two monthswithoutirrigation



Tsb a new but adapted crop which is1
TSB: A New but Adapted crop which is:

  • High yielding

  • Tolerant to high temperature

  • Performing on saline and alkaline soils

  • Drought tolerant

  • Excellent in rotation with most other crops

  • Water saving

  • An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory

  • needs it. Just In Time!



Tadla morocco
Tadla, Morocco.

15 M.T. / ha of of white sugar

with a total water

consumption of 600 mm / ha

Saving of

10 Mio litres of water / ha


Tsb a new but adapted crop which is2
TSB: A New but Adapted crop which is:

  • High yielding

  • Tolerant to high temperature

  • Performing on saline and alkaline soils

  • Drought tolerant

  • Excellent in rotation with most other crops

  • Water saving

  • An Industrial crop ready to be processed when the factory needs it. Just In Time!



Sagar sugar chittoor india
Sagar Sugar, Chittoor India

  • Likely to commercialize TSB in India

  • Govt. will finance two small trial factories of 100 M.T. / day capacity to go on stream in 1st quarter 2007

  • Two other factories considering investment





Kiriita agricultural self help group
KIRIITA Agricultural Self Help Group

Kenya:

Excellent TSB crop in six months at 2,600 m. msl where sugarcane requires 24 months


Familiar landscape in future with syngenta tsb
Familiar landscape in future with Syngenta TSB

Trial at Coimbatore, India

Coconut,

sugarcane,

banana

and TSB

all co-existing

together


Tropical sugar beet

TSB opportunity is global

Based on evaporation transpiration*, brown and yellow are suitable for TSB

TSB span:

30 N to 30 S.

Next , China, Brazil, Australia, U.S. / Mexico

First wave, India, Colombia, RSA

* Source: FAO


Benefits to farmers

22

Benefits to farmers

  • Economic benefits

  • Annual net income

  • $/farmer

  • 2,170

  • +88%

  • 1,160

  • Sugarcane

  • Tropical sugarbeet

  • Other benefits

  • Ability to use saline/alkaline soils unsuitable for any other crops

  • Increase in soil productivity for next crop

  • Change in cultivation attitude/behavior – require enhanced crop management including crop protection

  • Challenge

* Based on an exchange rate at $1 = INR 43.54

Source: Syngenta trial data on sugarbeet; Syngenta executives


Tsb cultivation has significant benefits for society and governments
TSB cultivation has significant benefits for society and governments

  • Save water @ 10 Mio liters / ha

  • Additional land for food production

  • Benefits to society and governments

  • Reduction of environmental carbon

  • Flexibility to increase /cut production

  • of sugar in short time

  • Use saline soils, otherwise fallow

Source: Sugarbeet expert interviews; Syngenta trial data on TSB; Syngenta executives


Tsb cultivation has significant benefits for industry
TSB cultivation has significant benefits for industry

  • Benefits

  • Improve asset and manpower utilization / reduce cost

  • Beet molasses is eco friendly

  • Economically beneficial by products

  • Disadvantages

  • Unlike cane, TSB does not generate own power

Source: Sugarbeet expert interviews; Syngenta trial data on TSB; Syngenta executives



India tsb projects
India TSB projects biofuels

  • The first project of “HAPPY” worth INR 250 million started operating at 500 TCD capacity

  • Machines indigenously developed through SS Engineers and MOJJ Industries

  • In 2006-07, farmers (1795) had planted 1525 acres

    The company has share capital from 12,296 small farmers

  • Commenced production of Ethanol in June, 2007.

  • Fresh planting of ~ 300 acres completed for 2008








Samarth coop sugar factory pilot plant
Samarth Coop Sugar factory pilot plant biofuels

  • The second project, Samarth pilot plant at Ambad

  • Promoted by Union Minister of Agriculture and President of Vasantdada Sugar Institute through Samarth SSK – funded by Sugar Technology Mission

  • Planted 125 acres (50 ha) during 2006-07 - Commenced production in April, 2007

  • Machines indigenously developed through NHEC for 100 TPD capacity

  • Planting for 2007-08 initiated – 25 acres completed




Tropical sugar beet

Thank you biofuels