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STC 383 KNOWLEDGE & TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER AND ADOPTION aka: Knowledge, Innovation &Technology Transfer, Diffusion and Adoption. Theory and Practice. STC 383 Session 1 Agenda. Detailed Introduction to STC 383 Definitions of KTT Introduction to Modeling
Theory and Practice
STC 383 will introduce you to
STC 383 will introduce
as all pertain to knowledge & technology
transfer, adoption, and diffusion.
Course efforts will focus on analyzing the
barriers, challenges, facilitators and metrics on
knowledge/technology transfer and adoption
# 1: Overview & Introduction to R&D (Wilson)
# 2: KTT Modeling: Critical Success Factors (Gibson)
# 3: KTT and Marco Issues: The Context of Innovation (Gibson)
# 4: Innovation Policies: Public and Private (Wilson)
# 5: KTT Support Structures: Incubators and Benchmarking (Wilson & Gibson)
# 6: KTT and Global Perspectives (Gibson)
# 7: University Research Commercialization Processes (Wilson)
# 8: Consortial And National Laboratory Commercialization Processes (Wilson)
# 9: Indirect Policies’ Affect on KTT and Course Wrap-up (Wilson)
Critique of Readings #1
Critique of Readings #2
Individual KTT Model
Team KTT Model
Analysis of Direct Government Policy
Ideal Path Analysis
Final KTT Model
15%Assignments and Grading
How might we model this difference?
Models can show:
Source: Vijay Jolly. Commercializing New Technologies
processesJolly’s Model of Technology Commercialization
Sub-Processes: Building the Value of a New Technology
complimentary assets for delivery
Bridges: Mobilizing the Stakeholders
Source: Jolly, Vijay. 1997. From Mind to Market.
Creativity and Human Innovation
Innovation is the ability to build on previous knowledge and generate new knowledge.
Successful innovation depends on converting knowledge flows into goods and services.
Knowledge creation is the key source of innovation in any company.
George von Krogh
The combined knowledge, skill, innovativeness, and ability of the company’s individual employees to meet the task at hand - including company values, culture, philosophy.
Human capital cannot be owned by the company
“Wetware”/tacit knowledge/intangibles/ know-how
The hardware, software, databases, organizational structure, patents, trademarks, and everything else of organizational capability that supports employee productivity;
Customer capital and relationships
Everything left in the office when the employees go home
(unlike Human Capital) can be owned and traded
Human brainpower, brand names, intellectual property that is protected, trademarks,
Assets often/traditionally valued as zero on the balance sheet
Human + Structural = Intellectual Capital Capital Capital
(Leif Edvinsson and Michael S. Malone, Intellectual Capital, 1997)
the adoption of knowledge (commercialization and processes)
A (the?) new source of wealth is information/knowledge applied to work to create value
Walter Wriston, The Twilight of Sovereignty, 1992
Time and Resources
Seminars, workshops, conferences
Trade shows, Invention Fairs
Knowledge Capture and Protection
The Adoption of Knowledge
Other Relevant Labels
"The business transactions or processes, such as patent licenses or start-up companies, by which innovations are moved from one place (such as a university), development stage or application to another place (such as a company) for a commercial purpose. (We include defense conversion as a special case under this definition.)”
Michael Odza, Celebrating ten years of assisting tech transfer professionals via Technology Access Report and Intellectual Property Advice (for researchers)
"Technology transfer - the dissemination of all the information necessary so that one party may duplicate the work of another party. The information is of two types, technical (engineering, scientific, standards) and the second is procedural (legal, non-disclosure agreements, patent rights, licensing).” Andy Gluck
Technology transfer is an umbrella term that encompasses the range of processes from most passive to most active: info transfer (what universities do so well); intellectual property protection (allows for legal transfers); technology development; lassoing resources; technology integration; and technology adoption through to the sale of new or innovative products or processes based on a new application of scientific knowledge or technology (and increasingly on innovative business structures). Meg Wilson on former Pax Website
Technology Transfer: The range of processes, from knowledge transfer to product or process commercialization, that facilitate the development and adoption of knowledge and technology.
Meg Wilson on former Pax Website
* Lost at the Frontier, US Science and Technology Policy Adrift, Deborah Shapley & Rustum Roy, ISI Press, 1985, pgs 14 – 15.
Lost at the Frontier: U.S. Science and Technology Policy Adrift, Deborah Shapley/ Rustum Roy
Applied Science and Engineering
$ $ $
$ $ $
On the ShelfScience
1. Your government spends of dollars on R&D. So, you might care about that because they:
2. Your government might provide tax credits for R&D – goes to your bottom line
3. Your government may regulate private R&D (e.g. medical and pharmaceutical research) and you must operate under those regulations
4. Other governments may regulate that R&D differently (e.g. less stringently) and it may provide you an opportunity to conduct R&D less expensively and at lower risk initially or, conversely, may inhibit your ability to enter a market if the policy barriers are high.
Privatization in the 80s and 90s has led to an explosion of industrial research and increase in overall research in many developing and emerging market countries
* Australian Ministry for Industry Science and Resources claims Australia has world’s 3rd highest ratio, 1999
NSF National Patterns in R&D Resources, 1998, Science Indicators, 1998
1996 Constant $Billions